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Location Cambodia, Kratie,Mondulkiri
Central coordinates 107o 2.00' East  12o 15.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3, A4i
Area 257,843 ha
Altitude 0 - 1,070m
Year of IBA assessment 2003

BirdLife Indochina Programme (BirdLife Direct Action Programme)

Site description The IBA is situated in southern Mondulkiri and Kratie provinces, and comprises an extensive mosaic of evergreen and semi-evergreen forest habitats, from Snoul Wildlife Sanctuary in the south-west to Phnom Nam Lyr Wildlife Sanctuary in the north-east. Most of the intervening areas between the two wildlife sanctuaries are situated within a forest concession under the management of Samling International. However, this area is also managed as a biodiversity conservation area within the concession system. The vegetation of the IBA is characterised by evergreen and semi-evergreen forest on hills, grading into mixed deciduous and deciduous dipterocarp forest to the north-west. The dominant vegetation type is semi-evergreen forest, which varies greatly in structure and composition, from apparently evergreen-dominated stands with a high density of lianas, palms and rattans, to tracts with a more open understorey. Within the predominantly level lowland Snoul Wildlife Sanctuary there are numerous grassy clearings with pools within the evergreen forest. To the south-east, the IBA is contiguous with areas of natural habitat in Vietnam, a significant proportion of which is included within Bu Gia Map Nature Reserve.The results of recent surveys indicate that the IBA supports all three restricted-range species found in the Cambodia-South Vietnamese Lowlands Endemic Bird Area: Orange-necked Partridge Arborophila davidi, Germain's Peacock Pheasant Polyplectron germaini and Grey-faced Tit Babbler Macronous kelleyi. The IBA also supports a number of other globally threatened and near-threatened species, including Green Peafowl Pavo muticus, White-winged Duck Cairina scutulata, Great Hornbill Buceros bicornis and Siamese Fireback Lophura diardi. Finally, higher elevation areas within Phnom Nam Lyr Wildlife Sanctuary (up to 1,070 m asl) support some elements of a montane avifauna, which, although little studied, appears to have some similarities with that of the lower slopes of the Da Lat plateau to the east. For example, these areas support Black-throated Tit Aegithalos concinnus, White-cheeked Laughingthrush Garrulax vassali and Black-chinned Yuhina Yuhina nigrimenta.

Key Biodiversity Other region sinificant birds species recorded :German's Peacock Pheasant, Blue-eared Kingfisher, Black-backed Kingfisher, Hodgson's Hawk Cuckoo, Violet Cuckoo, Pompadour Green Pigion, Jerdon' s Baza, Mountain Hawk Eagle, Malayan Night Heron, Blue-rump Pitta,Blue and White Flycatcher, Blue-throated Flycatcher, Yellow-bellied Warbler, Black-throated Laughingthrush, Purple-naped Sunbird, Streaked Spiderhunter, Pin-tailed Parrofinch.

Non-bird biodiversity: Four pictures of Tigers were taken by Camera trape in coupe 2a. This is the first time that the species has been photographed in the wild in Cambodia. Ten pictures of Sun bear were obtainted from just coupe 2a in Keo Sema Samling forest Concession, Mondulkiri province,Cambodia. A Gaur photo-trapped along a concession road in logged forest. Banteng were taken at two mineral licks. Siamese Crocodile (Crocodylus siamensis) (IUCN critically endangered): Long tailed Macaque (Macaca fascicularis) (IUCN-Near threatened).Slow Loris (Nycticebus coucang), Pygmy Loris (Nycticebus pygmaeus), Long-tailed Macaque (Macaca fascicularis), Pig-tailed Macaque (Macaca nemestrina), Bear Macaque (Macaca arctoides), Silvered Langur (Semnopithecus cristatus), Douc Langur (Pygathrix nemaeus), Yellow-cheeked Gibbon (Hylobates gabriellae).Asiatic Softshell Turtle (Amyda cartilaginea), Elongated Tortoise (Indotestudo elongata), Impressed Tortoise (Manouria impressa), Malayan Box Turtle (Cuora ambionensis)Asian Elephant( Elephas maximus), Gaur (Bos gaurus), Banteng (Bos javanicus), Southern Serow (Naemorthedus sumatraensis), [Giant Muntjac (Megamuntiacus vuquangensis)].

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Green Peafowl Pavo muticus resident  2001  common  A1, A3  Endangered 
Orange-necked Partridge Arborophila davidi resident  2001  uncommon  A1, A2  Near Threatened 
Siamese Fireback Lophura diardi resident  2001  uncommon  A3  Least Concern 
Germain's Peacock-pheasant Polyplectron germaini resident  2001  common  A1, A2  Near Threatened 
White-winged Duck Asarcornis scutulata resident  2001  rare  A1, A4i  Endangered 
Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus resident  2001  uncommon  A1  Vulnerable 
Grey-headed Parakeet Psittacula finschii resident  2001  common  A3  Near Threatened 
Bay Woodpecker Blythipicus pyrrhotis resident  2001  rare  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-rumped Pitta Pitta soror resident  2001  common  A3  Least Concern 
Black-winged Cuckooshrike Coracina melaschistos resident  2001  common  A3  Least Concern 
Maroon Oriole Oriolus traillii resident  2001  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Stripe-throated Bulbul Pycnonotus finlaysoni resident  2001  common  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-eyed Bulbul Iole propinqua resident  2001  common  A3  Least Concern 
Asian Black Bulbul Hypsipetes leucocephalus resident  2001  common  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-faced Tit-babbler Macronous kelleyi resident  present  A2  Least Concern 
White-cheeked Laughingthrush Garrulax vassali resident  present  A2  Least Concern 
Alcippe peracensis resident  2001  common  A3  Not Recognised 
Golden-crested Myna Ampeliceps coronatus resident  2001  common  A3  Least Concern 
Vinous-breasted Starling Sturnus burmannicus resident  2001  common  A3  Least Concern 
Green-eared Barbet Psilopogon faiostrictus resident  2001  common  A3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2009 very high not assessed low
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Agriculture and aquaculture annual & perennial non-timber crops - agro-industry farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now whole area/population (>90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Biological resource use logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale happening now whole area/population (>90%) moderate to rapid deterioration very high
Energy production and mining mining and quarrying happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high

Most of site (50-90%) covered (including the most critical parts for important bird species)  No management plan exists but the management planning process has begun  Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity  low 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Pnom Namlear Wildlife Sanctuary 50,957 protected area overlaps with site 30,172  
Sema Biodiversity Conservation Area Conservation Area 305,600 protected area overlaps with site 136,000  
Snoul Wildlife Sanctuary 61,943 protected area contained by site 75,000  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Dry deciduous forest (tropical); Hill evergreen forest (subtropical); Lowland evergreen rain forest (tropical); Semi-evergreen rain forest (tropical)  -
Shrubland Secondary scrub  -
Grassland Edaphic grassland  -
Wetlands (inland) Ephemeral wetlands; Freshwater lakes and pools; Riverine floodplains; Rivers and streams  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
Notes: shifting and permanent
forestry -
military -
nature conservation and research -
urban/industrial/transport -
Notes: small settlements

Protection status Overlaps Sema Biodiversity Conservation Area

Further web sources of information 

Site account from Directory of Important Bird Areas in Cambodia: key sites for conservation (Seng Kim Hout 2003)

References Document nameClements, T. (2002). Establishing a biological baseline and monitoring in Samling Concession, Mondulkiri.Davidson, P. and Goes, F. (2002) Five new species for Cambodia. Cambodia Bird News 9: 44-46.Goes, F. and Davidson, P. (eds.) (2002) Recent Sightings. Cambodia Bird News 9: 47-59.Tan Setha and Pich Bunnat (2000) Threatened Galliformes of Cambodia. Paper presented at the International Galliformes Symposium, Kathmandu, Nepal, September 2000.Tan Seth and Pich Bunnat (2001) Survey of Green Peafowl in Mondulkiri Province, Cambodia. Tragopan 16:Tan Setha et al. (2001) The status and distribution of Green Peafowl Pavo muticus in Mondulkiri Province, Cambodia. Unpublished report, Wildlife Conservation Society, Cambodia.Walston, J., Davidson, P. and Men Soriyun (2001) A Wildlife Survey of southern Mondulkiri Province, Cambodia. Wildlife Conservation Society, Phnom Penh.Tan Setha and Pich Bunnat (2001) Recent information on the status and conservation of Galliformes in Cambodia. PP. 39-44 in McGowan, P. (ed.) Galliformes 2000: Proceedings of the 2nd International Galliformes Symposium. World Pheasant Association, Reading, UK.Duckworth, J. W. and Hedges, S. 1998. Bird records from Cambodia in 1997, including records of sixteen species new for the country. Forktail 14: 29-36.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Snoul / Keo Sema / O Reang. Downloaded from on 25/10/2016

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