|Central coordinates||106o 38.00' East 12o 28.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A3, A4i|
|Altitude||29 - 515m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2003|
Site description The IBA comprises a large area of lowlands in south-western Mondulkiri and eastern Kratie provinces, which forms part of one of the largest remaining relatively undisturbed natural landscapes in mainland South-east Asia. The topography of the IBA is gently undulating, with elevations ranging from c.50 to 350 m asl. The vegetation of the IBA is characterised by a mosaic of semi-evergreen forest and deciduous dipterocarp forest, varying from open savanna to tall, closed canopy forest. Interspersed among these forest formations are pools, permanent streams and seasonally wet meadows, which are a major factor influencing the distribution of wildlife communities. The north-eastern part of the IBA is included within Phnom Prich Wildlife Sanctuary.The IBA supports one of the most intact remaining examples of the bird community of the dry forests of central Indochina, including such species as Giant Ibis Pseudibis gigantea, Green Peafowl Pavo muticus and Sarus Crane Grus antigone. Notably, the relative abundance of large ungulates means that the IBA may have greater potential to support viable populations of White-rumped, Long-billed and Red-headed Vultures Gyps bengalensis, G. indicus and Sarcogyps calvus than most other areas in mainland South-east Asia.
Non-bird biodiversity: Long-tailed Macaque (Macaca fascicularis), Pig-tailed Macaque (Macaca nemestrina), Slow Loris (Nycticebus coucang), Silvered Langur (Semnopithecus cristatus), Douc Langur (Pygathrix nemaeus), Silvered Langur (Semnopithecus cristatus).Yellow-headed Temple Turtle (Hieremys annandalii), Elongated Tortoise (Indotestudo elongata) Malayan Box Turtle (Cuora ambionensis).Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus), Gaur (Bos gaurus) and Banteng ( B. javanicus).
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Green Peafowl Pavo muticus||resident||2001||common||-||A1, A3||Endangered|
|Siamese Fireback Lophura diardi||resident||2001||uncommon||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus||resident||2001||unknown||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Giant Ibis Thaumatibis gigantea||resident||2001||uncommon||-||A1, A4i||Critically Endangered|
|White-rumped Pygmy-falcon Polihierax insignis||resident||2001||unknown||-||A3||Near Threatened|
|White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis||non-breeding||2001||unknown||-||A1, A3||Critically Endangered|
|Red-headed Vulture Sarcogyps calvus||non-breeding||2001||unknown||-||A3||Critically Endangered|
|Slender-billed Vulture Gyps tenuirostris||non-breeding||2001||present||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Rufous-winged Buzzard Butastur liventer||resident||2001||common||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Sarus Crane Antigone antigone||unknown||2001||rare||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Grey-headed Parakeet Psittacula finschii||resident||2001||common||-||A3||Near Threatened|
|Black-headed Woodpecker Picus erythropygius||resident||2001||common||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Small Minivet Pericrocotus cinnamomeus||resident||2001||common||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Racket-tailed Treepie Crypsirina temia||resident||2001||common||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Sooty-headed Bulbul Pycnonotus aurigaster||resident||2001||common||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Streak-eared Bulbul Pycnonotus blanfordi||resident||2001||common||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Golden-crested Myna Ampeliceps coronatus||resident||2001||common||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Black-collared Starling Sturnus nigricollis||resident||2001||common||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Lineated Barbet Psilopogon lineatus||resident||2001||common||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Green-eared Barbet Psilopogon faiostrictus||resident||2001||common||-||A3||Least Concern|
|2009||very high||not assessed||low|
|Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data|
|Agriculture and aquaculture||annual & perennial non-timber crops - agro-industry farming||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||moderate to rapid deterioration||high|
|Biological resource use||hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target)||happening now||whole area/population (>90%)||moderate to rapid deterioration||very high|
|Biological resource use||logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale||happening now||whole area/population (>90%)||very rapid to severe deterioration||very high|
|Invasive & other problematic species, genes & diseases||invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - unspecified species||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||slow but significant deterioration||low|
|Transportation and service corridors||roads and railroads||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||slow but significant deterioration||low|
|Elephas maximus||Asian Elephant||116||116||individuals||100||favourable|
|Most of site (50-90%) covered (including the most critical parts for important bird species)||No management plan exists but the management planning process has begun||Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity||low|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Phnom Prich||Wildlife Sanctuary||221,818||protected area overlaps with site||116,600|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Forest||Dry deciduous forest (tropical); Lowland evergreen rain forest (tropical); Semi-evergreen rain forest (tropical)||-|
|Wetlands (inland)||Ephemeral wetlands; Freshwater lakes and pools; Riverine floodplains; Rivers and streams||-|
|Artificial - terrestrial||Abandoned farmland, disturbed ground; Perennial crops, orchards and groves; Rice paddies; Small settlements, rural gardens||-|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
|Notes: small settlements|
Protection status Overlaps with Phnom Prich Wildlife Sanctuary
Barzen, J. (2001) Waterbirds and Wetlands of Northern Cambodia. Bugle. 27(4): 1-2.
Barzen, J. (2002) Waterbirds and Wetlands of Northern Cambodia. Cambodia Bird News 9:36-38.
Goes, F. and Davidson, P. (eds.) (2002) Recent Sightings. Cambodia Bird News 9: 47-59.
Long, B., Swan, S.R. and Kry Masphal (2000). Biological surveys in northeast Mondulkiri, Cambodia. Hanoi and Phnom Penh: Fauna & Flora International and Wildlife Protection Office.
Tan Setha and Pich Bunnat (2001) Recent information on the status and conservation of Galliformes in Cambodia. Pp. 39-44 in McGowan, P. (ed.) Galliformes 2000: Proceedings of the 2nd International Galliformes Symposium. World Pheasant Association, Reading, UK.
Tan Seth and Pich Bunnat (2001) The status and distribution of Green Peafowl (Pavo muticus) in southern Mondulkiri Province, Cambodia. Tragopan 16: 20. Newsletter of the WPA/BirdLife/Species Survival Commission/Pheasant Specialist Group.
Tan Setha et al. (2001) The status and distribution of Green Peafowl (Pavo muticus) in Mondulkiri Province, Cambodia. Unpublished report, Wildlife Conservation Society, Cambodia.
Timmins, R.J. and Ou Rattanak (2001) The Importance of Phnom Prich Wildlife Sanctuary and Adjacent Areas for the Conservation of Tigers and Other Key Species. Worldwide Fund for Nature, Phnom Penh.
Walston, J., Davidson, P. and Men Soriyun (2001) A Wildlife Survey of southern Mondulkiri Province, Cambodia. Wildlife Conservation Society, Phnom Penh.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Mondulkiri - Kratie Lowlands. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/11/2015
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