|Central coordinates||106o 38.00' East 12o 28.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A3, A4i|
|Altitude||29 - 515m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2003|
Site description The IBA comprises a large area of lowlands in south-western Mondulkiri and eastern Kratie provinces, which forms part of one of the largest remaining relatively undisturbed natural landscapes in mainland South-east Asia. The topography of the IBA is gently undulating, with elevations ranging from c.50 to 350 m asl. The vegetation of the IBA is characterised by a mosaic of semi-evergreen forest and deciduous dipterocarp forest, varying from open savanna to tall, closed canopy forest. Interspersed among these forest formations are pools, permanent streams and seasonally wet meadows, which are a major factor influencing the distribution of wildlife communities. The north-eastern part of the IBA is included within Phnom Prich Wildlife Sanctuary.The IBA supports one of the most intact remaining examples of the bird community of the dry forests of central Indochina, including such species as Giant Ibis Pseudibis gigantea, Green Peafowl Pavo muticus and Sarus Crane Grus antigone. Notably, the relative abundance of large ungulates means that the IBA may have greater potential to support viable populations of White-rumped, Long-billed and Red-headed Vultures Gyps bengalensis, G. indicus and Sarcogyps calvus than most other areas in mainland South-east Asia.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Siamese Fireback Lophura diardi||resident||2001||uncommon [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Green Peafowl Pavo muticus||resident||2001||common [units unknown]||-||A1, A3||Endangered|
|Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus||unknown||2001||unknown [units unknown]||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Giant Ibis Thaumatibis gigantea||unknown||2001||uncommon [units unknown]||-||A1, A4i||Critically Endangered|
|White-rumped Falcon Polihierax insignis||resident||2001||unknown [units unknown]||-||A3||Near Threatened|
|White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis||unknown||2001||unknown [units unknown]||-||A1, A3||Critically Endangered|
|Slender-billed Vulture Gyps tenuirostris||unknown||2001||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Red-headed Vulture Sarcogyps calvus||unknown||2001||unknown [units unknown]||-||A3||Critically Endangered|
|Rufous-winged Buzzard Butastur liventer||resident||2001||common [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Sarus Crane Grus antigone||unknown||2001||rare [units unknown]||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Grey-headed Parakeet Psittacula finschii||resident||2001||common [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Lineated Barbet Megalaima lineata||resident||2001||common [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Green-eared Barbet Megalaima faiostricta||resident||2001||common [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Black-headed Woodpecker Picus erythropygius||resident||2001||common [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Small Minivet Pericrocotus cinnamomeus||resident||2001||common [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Racket-tailed Treepie Crypsirina temia||resident||2001||common [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Sooty-headed Bulbul Pycnonotus aurigaster||resident||2001||common [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Streak-eared Bulbul Pycnonotus blanfordi||resident||2001||common [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Golden-crested Myna Ampeliceps coronatus||resident||2001||common [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Black-collared Starling Sturnus nigricollis||resident||2001||common [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Phnom Prich||Wildlife Sanctuary||221,818||protected area overlaps with site||116,600|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Forest||Dry deciduous forest (tropical); Lowland evergreen rain forest (tropical); Semi-evergreen rain forest (tropical)||-|
|Wetlands (inland)||Ephemeral wetlands; Freshwater lakes and pools; Riverine floodplains; Rivers and streams||-|
|Artificial landscapes (terrestrial)||Abandoned farmland, disturbed ground; Perennial crops, orchards and groves; Rice paddies; Small settlements, rural gardens||-|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
|Notes: small settlements|
Other biodiversity Long-tailed Macaque (Macaca fascicularis), Pig-tailed Macaque (Macaca nemestrina), Slow Loris (Nycticebus coucang), Silvered Langur (Semnopithecus cristatus), Douc Langur (Pygathrix nemaeus), Silvered Langur (Semnopithecus cristatus).Yellow-headed Temple Turtle (Hieremys annandalii), Elongated Tortoise (Indotestudo elongata) Malayan Box Turtle (Cuora ambionensis).Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus), Gaur (Bos gaurus) and Banteng ( B. javanicus).
Management considerations Human settlement within the IBA is largely restricted to Memong town, with little settlement outside of this area. Commercial hunting is a particular threat to populations of large mammals but is less of a threat to bird populations, but for the notable exception of Green Peafowl, which is specifically targeted due to its value in the wildlife trade.. In addition, subsistence hunting of smaller species is currently low. The major potential future threat to biodiversity at the IBA is planned and unplanned human in-migration, and the agricultural expansion and increase in hunting that would accompany it.
Protection status Overlaps with Phnom Prich Wildlife Sanctuary
Conservation response Recommendations;- A mapping of key wetlands, breeding areas and human presence within the Phnom Prich Wildlife Sanctuary and Mondulkiri Protected Forest should be carried out. This will require further surveys and should be used to inform conservation planning.- Relevant recognition of the above in Provincial and National development plans.- Measures to counter hunting and trade of wildlife must be put in place throughout the area. This should start with setting up patrolling systems in the Phnom Prich Wildlife Sanctuary and Mondulkiri Protected Forest.- Core areas should receive strict protection under the existing structures of Phnom Prich Wildlife Sanctuary and the Mondulkiri Protected Forest.- Immigration, illegal settlement and land encroachment into the most important and critical areas across the IBA should be prevented.
Barzen, J. (2001) Waterbirds and Wetlands of Northern Cambodia. Bugle. 27(4): 1-2.
Barzen, J. (2002) Waterbirds and Wetlands of Northern Cambodia. Cambodia Bird News 9:36-38.
Goes, F. and Davidson, P. (eds.) (2002) Recent Sightings. Cambodia Bird News 9: 47-59.
Long, B., Swan, S.R. and Kry Masphal (2000). Biological surveys in northeast Mondulkiri, Cambodia. Hanoi and Phnom Penh: Fauna & Flora International and Wildlife Protection Office.
Tan Setha and Pich Bunnat (2001) Recent information on the status and conservation of Galliformes in Cambodia. Pp. 39-44 in McGowan, P. (ed.) Galliformes 2000: Proceedings of the 2nd International Galliformes Symposium. World Pheasant Association, Reading, UK.
Tan Seth and Pich Bunnat (2001) The status and distribution of Green Peafowl (Pavo muticus) in southern Mondulkiri Province, Cambodia. Tragopan 16: 20. Newsletter of the WPA/BirdLife/Species Survival Commission/Pheasant Specialist Group.
Tan Setha et al. (2001) The status and distribution of Green Peafowl (Pavo muticus) in Mondulkiri Province, Cambodia. Unpublished report, Wildlife Conservation Society, Cambodia.
Timmins, R.J. and Ou Rattanak (2001) The Importance of Phnom Prich Wildlife Sanctuary and Adjacent Areas for the Conservation of Tigers and Other Key Species. Worldwide Fund for Nature, Phnom Penh.
Walston, J., Davidson, P. and Men Soriyun (2001) A Wildlife Survey of southern Mondulkiri Province, Cambodia. Wildlife Conservation Society, Phnom Penh.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2013) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Mondulkiri / Kratie Lowlands. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 24/05/2013
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