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Location Cambodia, Kratie,Mondulkiri
Central coordinates 106o 38.00' East  12o 28.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3, A4i
Area 383,233 ha
Altitude 29 - 515m
Year of IBA assessment 2003

BirdLife Indochina Programme (BirdLife Direct Action Programme)

Site description The IBA comprises a large area of lowlands in south-western Mondulkiri and eastern Kratie provinces, which forms part of one of the largest remaining relatively undisturbed natural landscapes in mainland South-east Asia. The topography of the IBA is gently undulating, with elevations ranging from c.50 to 350 m asl. The vegetation of the IBA is characterised by a mosaic of semi-evergreen forest and deciduous dipterocarp forest, varying from open savanna to tall, closed canopy forest. Interspersed among these forest formations are pools, permanent streams and seasonally wet meadows, which are a major factor influencing the distribution of wildlife communities. The north-eastern part of the IBA is included within Phnom Prich Wildlife Sanctuary.The IBA supports one of the most intact remaining examples of the bird community of the dry forests of central Indochina, including such species as Giant Ibis Pseudibis gigantea, Green Peafowl Pavo muticus and Sarus Crane Grus antigone. Notably, the relative abundance of large ungulates means that the IBA may have greater potential to support viable populations of White-rumped, Long-billed and Red-headed Vultures Gyps bengalensis, G. indicus and Sarcogyps calvus than most other areas in mainland South-east Asia.

Key Biodiversity 

Non-bird biodiversity: Long-tailed Macaque (Macaca fascicularis), Pig-tailed Macaque (Macaca nemestrina), Slow Loris (Nycticebus coucang), Silvered Langur (Semnopithecus cristatus), Douc Langur (Pygathrix nemaeus), Silvered Langur (Semnopithecus cristatus).Yellow-headed Temple Turtle (Hieremys annandalii), Elongated Tortoise (Indotestudo elongata) Malayan Box Turtle (Cuora ambionensis).Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus), Gaur (Bos gaurus) and Banteng ( B. javanicus).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Green Peafowl Pavo muticus resident  2001  common  A1, A3  Endangered 
Siamese Fireback Lophura diardi resident  2001  uncommon  A3  Least Concern 
Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus resident  2001  unknown  A1  Vulnerable 
Giant Ibis Thaumatibis gigantea resident  2001  uncommon  A1, A4i  Critically Endangered 
White-rumped Pygmy-falcon Polihierax insignis resident  2001  unknown  A3  Near Threatened 
White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis non-breeding  2001  unknown  A1, A3  Critically Endangered 
Red-headed Vulture Sarcogyps calvus non-breeding  2001  unknown  A3  Critically Endangered 
Slender-billed Vulture Gyps tenuirostris non-breeding  2001  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Rufous-winged Buzzard Butastur liventer resident  2001  common  A3  Least Concern 
Sarus Crane Antigone antigone unknown  2001  rare  A1  Vulnerable 
Grey-headed Parakeet Psittacula finschii resident  2001  common  A3  Near Threatened 
Black-headed Woodpecker Picus erythropygius resident  2001  common  A3  Least Concern 
Small Minivet Pericrocotus cinnamomeus resident  2001  common  A3  Least Concern 
Racket-tailed Treepie Crypsirina temia resident  2001  common  A3  Least Concern 
Sooty-headed Bulbul Pycnonotus aurigaster resident  2001  common  A3  Least Concern 
Streak-eared Bulbul Pycnonotus blanfordi resident  2001  common  A3  Least Concern 
Golden-crested Myna Ampeliceps coronatus resident  2001  common  A3  Least Concern 
Black-collared Starling Sturnus nigricollis resident  2001  common  A3  Least Concern 
Lineated Barbet Psilopogon lineatus resident  2001  common  A3  Least Concern 
Green-eared Barbet Psilopogon faiostrictus resident  2001  common  A3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2009 very high not assessed low
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Agriculture and aquaculture annual & perennial non-timber crops - agro-industry farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now whole area/population (>90%) moderate to rapid deterioration very high
Biological resource use logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale happening now whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Invasive & other problematic species, genes & diseases invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - unspecified species happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low

Elephas maximus Asian Elephant 116 116 individuals 100 favourable

Most of site (50-90%) covered (including the most critical parts for important bird species)  No management plan exists but the management planning process has begun  Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity  low 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Phnom Prich Wildlife Sanctuary 221,818 protected area overlaps with site 116,600  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Dry deciduous forest (tropical); Lowland evergreen rain forest (tropical); Semi-evergreen rain forest (tropical)  -
Shrubland Secondary scrub  -
Wetlands (inland) Ephemeral wetlands; Freshwater lakes and pools; Riverine floodplains; Rivers and streams  -
Artificial - terrestrial Abandoned farmland, disturbed ground; Perennial crops, orchards and groves; Rice paddies; Small settlements, rural gardens  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
forestry -
nature conservation and research -
urban/industrial/transport -
Notes: small settlements

Protection status Overlaps with Phnom Prich Wildlife Sanctuary

Further web sources of information 

Site account from Directory of Important Bird Areas in Cambodia: key sites for conservation (Seng Kim Hout 2003)


Barzen, J. (2001) Waterbirds and Wetlands of Northern Cambodia. Bugle. 27(4): 1-2.

Barzen, J. (2002) Waterbirds and Wetlands of Northern Cambodia. Cambodia Bird News 9:36-38.

Goes, F. and Davidson, P. (eds.) (2002) Recent Sightings. Cambodia Bird News 9: 47-59.

Long, B., Swan, S.R. and Kry Masphal (2000). Biological surveys in northeast Mondulkiri, Cambodia. Hanoi and Phnom Penh: Fauna & Flora International and Wildlife Protection Office.

Tan Setha and Pich Bunnat (2001) Recent information on the status and conservation of Galliformes in Cambodia. Pp. 39-44 in McGowan, P. (ed.) Galliformes 2000: Proceedings of the 2nd International Galliformes Symposium. World Pheasant Association, Reading, UK.

Tan Seth and Pich Bunnat (2001) The status and distribution of Green Peafowl (Pavo muticus) in southern Mondulkiri Province, Cambodia. Tragopan 16: 20. Newsletter of the WPA/BirdLife/Species Survival Commission/Pheasant Specialist Group.

Tan Setha et al. (2001) The status and distribution of Green Peafowl (Pavo muticus) in Mondulkiri Province, Cambodia. Unpublished report, Wildlife Conservation Society, Cambodia.

Timmins, R.J. and Ou Rattanak (2001) The Importance of Phnom Prich Wildlife Sanctuary and Adjacent Areas for the Conservation of Tigers and Other Key Species. Worldwide Fund for Nature, Phnom Penh.

Walston, J., Davidson, P. and Men Soriyun (2001) A Wildlife Survey of southern Mondulkiri Province, Cambodia. Wildlife Conservation Society, Phnom Penh.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Mondulkiri - Kratie Lowlands. Downloaded from on 26/10/2016

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