|Central coordinates||107o 16.00' East 12o 58.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A3, A4i|
|Altitude||92 - 651m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2003|
Ornithological information Other regionally significant species present: Grey Heron, Brahminy Kite, River Lapwing, Red-wattled Lapwing, Small Pratincole, Great Thick Knee, River Tern, Pied Kingfisher, Baya Weaver.
Site description The IBA is primarily comprised of the catchment of the Srepok River upstream of Lomphat town, excluding a few peripheral areas that are heavily degraded. The topography of the IBA is relatively flat, although there are a number of low hills, most notably those around Phnom Yang Ke. The vegetation of the IBA is characterised by a habitat mosaic dominated by deciduous dipterocarp forest, with smaller areas of semi-evergreen forest and mixed deciduous forest. In addition, the IBA contains numerous wetlands. In addition to the Srepok River, its permanent tributaries and associated oxbow lakes, there are numerous seasonal streams, some of which retain pools of water during the dry season. There are also numerous pools and seasonally wet meadows, which vary in size from a few metres to a few hundreds of metres in width. The north-western part of the IBA is included within Lomphat Wildlife Sanctuary, while the southern part is included within a recently decreed Forest Reserve for Conservation of Genetic and Wildlife Resources. The IBA supports one of the most intact remaining examples of the bird community of the dry forests of central Indochina. The relative abundance of large ungulates means that the IBA has greater potential to support viable populations of White-rumped, Long-billed and Red-headed Vultures Gyps bengalensis, G. indicus and Sarcogyps calvus than most other areas in mainland South-east Asia. In addition, the Srepok River is one of the few sites in Cambodia known to support Masked Finfoot Heliopais personata. Furthermore, there is a single record of White-winged Duck Cairina scutulata from the IBA, and the presence of significant areas of suitable habitat indicate that the IBA may support a significant population of this species. There is also a single record of White-shouldered Ibis Pseudibis davisoni but the precise status of this species at the IBA is not known. Finally, there is a single record of Pale-capped Pigeon Columba punicea from along the Dak Dam stream, which forms the international border with Vietnam, although it is unclear exactly which stretch this record is from, and it may even be from within Snoul/Keo Sema/O Reang IBA (KH027). As with White-shouldered Ibis, the precise status of this species at the IBA is not known.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Green Peafowl Pavo muticus||resident||2002||uncommon [units unknown]||-||A1, A3||Endangered|
|White-winged Duck Cairina scutulata||unknown||2002||rare [units unknown]||-||A1||Endangered|
|Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus||unknown||2002||uncommon [units unknown]||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|White-shouldered Ibis Pseudibis davisoni||unknown||2002||rare [units unknown]||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Giant Ibis Thaumatibis gigantea||unknown||2002||rare [units unknown]||-||A1, A4i||Critically Endangered|
|White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis||unknown||2002||unknown [units unknown]||-||A1, A3||Critically Endangered|
|Slender-billed Vulture Gyps tenuirostris||unknown||2002||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Red-headed Vulture Sarcogyps calvus||unknown||2002||unknown [units unknown]||-||A3||Critically Endangered|
|Rufous-winged Buzzard Butastur liventer||resident||2002||unknown [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Masked Finfoot Heliopais personatus||unknown||2002||rare [units unknown]||-||A1, A3||Endangered|
|Sarus Crane Grus antigone||resident||2002||unknown [units unknown]||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Yellow-footed Green-pigeon Treron phoenicopterus||resident||2002||unknown [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Blossom-headed Parakeet Psittacula roseata||unknown||2002||uncommon [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Lineated Barbet Megalaima lineata||resident||2002||common [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Blue-winged Pitta Pitta moluccensis||resident||2002||common [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Common Woodshrike Tephrodornis pondicerianus||unknown||2002||unknown [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Burmese Shrike Lanius collurioides||breeding||2002||unknown [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Mondulkiri||Protected Forest||372,054||protected area overlaps with site||360,500|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Forest||Dry deciduous forest (tropical); Lowland evergreen rain forest (tropical); Semi-evergreen rain forest (tropical)||-|
|Wetlands (inland)||Ephemeral wetlands; Freshwater lakes and pools; Riverine floodplains; Rivers and streams||-|
|Artificial landscapes (terrestrial)||Perennial crops, orchards and groves; Rice paddies; Small settlements, rural gardens||-|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|Notes: shifting and permanent|
|Notes: small settlements|
Other biodiversity Some other regionally significant mammal species also occur in the IBA like Dhole (Cuon alpinus), Fishing CatLong-tailed Macaque (Macaca fascicularis), Pig-tailed Macaque (Macaca nemestrina), Silvered Langur (Semnopithecus cristatus), Douc Langur (Pygathrix nemaeus).Asiatic Softshell Turtle (Amyda cartilaginea), [Asian Giant Softshell Turtle (Pelochelys cantorii)], Yellow-headed Temple Turtle (Hieremys annandalii), Giant Asian Pond Turtle (Heosemys grandis), Elongated Tortoise (Indotestudo elongata), Malayan Box Turtle (Cuora ambionensis), Siamese Crocodile (Crocodylus siamensis).Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus), Eld's Deer (Cervus eldii), Gaur (Bos gaurus), Banteng (Bos javanicus) and Wild Water Buffalo (Bubalus arnee).
Management considerations The major on-going threat to biodiversity at the IBA is hunting, which is a particular threat to populations of hornbills, parakeets, green pigeons and Green Peafowl Pavo muticus. Hunting is also an indirect threat to vulture populations, as it threatens the populations of large ungulates, which represent their main source of food. Along the Srepok River, cutting of trees and clearance of land for agriculture occurs along the banks, and destructive fishing methods, particularly the use of poison and explosives, is also of concern. These represent threats to Masked Finfoot and other riverine bird species.
Protection status Overlaps with Mondulkiri Protected Forest
Conservation response Recommendations- Measures to counter hunting and trade of wildlife must be put in place throughout the area. This should start with setting up patrolling systems in the Mondulkiri Protected Forest.- Core areas Upper Tonle Srepok, approximately west of O Chbar, both north and south of the river, to the Vietnamese border should receive strict protection under the existing structures of the Mondulkiri Protected Forest.-Conservation of this important stretch of the Srepok River should be an integral part of management of the existing conservation areas. However, this must be viewed at the scale of the complete river system, in conjunction with the stretch within Lomphat IBA (KH024), as focusing on just one small stretch in isolation could have disastrous consequences.- Further surveys and research along the Srepok River and its tributaries needs to be carried out. These should focus on identifying important stretches of riverine forest, smaller backwater rivers and streams, and better determining the numbers and breeding success of sandbar-nesting species.- Efforts must be made to protect sandbar-nesting bird species while they are breeding. Community agreements could be set up with individual villages so that the nest areas will not be disturbed.- Immigration, illegal settlement and land encroachment into the most important and critical areas across the IBA should be prevented.- New villages and agricultural development along the Srepok River should be discouraged and key stretches of riverine forest identified should be strictly protected from logging and shifting cultivation.
References Document nameBarzen, J. (2002) Waterbirds and Wetlands of Northern Cambodia. Cambodia Bird News 9:36-38.Barzen, J. (2002) Waterbirds and Wetlands of Northern Cambodia. Bugle.Brickle, N. W., Nguyen Cu, Ha Quy Quynh, Nguyen Thai Tu Cuong and Hoang Van San 1998. The Status and Distribution of Green Peafowl Pavo muticus in Dak Lak Province, Vietnam. Hanoi: BirdLife International - Vietnam Programme.Davidson, P., Poole, C.M. and J.W. Duckworth 2001. Mekong Wagtail Motacilla samvaesnae: the great river's only known avian endemic. Bull. Oriental Bird Club 34: 56-59.Duckworth, J.W., Alström, P., Davidson, P., Evans, T.D., Poole, C.P., Tan Setha and Timmins, R.J. 2001. A new species of wagtail from the lower Mekong basin. Bull. British Ornithologists' Club 121(3): 152-182.Goes, F. 1999. Notes on selected bird species in Cambodia. Forktail 15: 25-27.Long, B., Swan, S.R. and Kry Masphal (2000). Biological surveys in northeast Mondulkiri, Cambodia. Hanoi and Phnom Penh: Fauna & Flora International and Wildlife Protection Office.Poole, C. M. Duckworth, J. W. and van Zalinge, N. J. (in prep.) Bird Observations from the Mekong and major tributaries in North-east Cambodia, 1998-2000.Tan Setha (2002) Mekong Wagtail (Motacilla samveasnae) Emblem of the riverine birds of northeast Cambodia. Cambodia Bird News 9:14-17.Timmins, R. J. and Men Soriyun 1998. A wildlife survey of the Tonle San and Tonle Srepok river basins in north-eastern Cambodia. Hanoi and Phnom Penh: Fauna & Flora International and Wildlife Protection Office.Timmins, R.J. and Ou Rattanak (2001) The Importance of Phnom Prich Wildlife Sanctuary and Adjacent Areas for the Conservation of Tigers and Other Key Species. Worldwide Fund for Nature, Phnom Penh.van Zalinge, N. J., Poole, C. M., Duckworth, J. W. and Goes, F., (2002). Water bird counts on the Mekong, Sekong, Sesan and Srepok Rivers. Cambodia Bird News 9: 18-29.
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