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Location Cambodia, Kampong Thom
Central coordinates 105o 7.00' East  12o 41.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3, A4i
Area 24,312 ha
Altitude 14 - 40m
Year of IBA assessment 2003

BirdLife Indochina Programme (BirdLife Direct Action Programme)

Site description The IBA is situated in northern Santuk District, to the north-east of Stung Sen/Santuk/Baray IBA (KH021). The vegetation of the IBA chiefly comprises degraded deciduous dipterocarp forest, interspersed with seasonal wetlands and patches of paddy rice cultivation. The IBA is one of the only areas in Cambodia currently known to support non-breeding Bengal Floricans (Houbaropsis bengalensis), which visit the site during the wet season when their breeding areas in the inundation zone of Tonle Sap Lake are flooded. Also during the wet season, the seasonal wetlands at the IBA support a number of other globally threatened and near-threatened bird species, including Painted Stork (Mycteria leucocephala), Lesser Adjutant ( Leptoptilos javanicus) and Greater Adjutant (Leptoptilos dubius).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Greater Adjutant Leptoptilos dubius non-breeding  2002  abundant  A1, A4i  Endangered 
Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus non-breeding  2002  common  A1  Vulnerable 
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans non-breeding  2002  abundant  A4i  Least Concern 
Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga non-breeding  2002  rare  A1  Vulnerable 
Bengal Florican Houbaropsis bengalensis non-breeding  2002  rare  A1, A3  Critically Endangered 

IBA Monitoring

2009 high very unfavourable negligible
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Agriculture and aquaculture annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Biological resource use fishing & harvesting aquatic resources - unintentional effects: large scale happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Biological resource use logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high

Forest   0 0 poor (40-69%) moderate (70-90%) very unfavourable

Some of site covered (10-49%)  No management planning has taken place  Very little or no conservation action taking place  negligible 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Lowland evergreen rain forest (tropical)  -
Shrubland Secondary scrub  -
Artificial - terrestrial Perennial crops, orchards and groves; Rice paddies; Small settlements, rural gardens  -
Wetlands (inland)   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
Notes: permanent and shifting
urban/industrial/transport -
Notes: small settlements

Further web sources of information 

Site account from Directory of Important Bird Areas in Cambodia: key sites for conservation (Seng Kim Hout 2003)

References Document nameGoes, F., Hong Chamnan, Davidson, P. and Poole, C.M. (2001). Bengal Florican (Houbaropsis bengalensis) Conservation in Kompong Thom Province, Cambodia. Phnom Penh: Wildlife Conservation Society Cambodia Program.Goes F. and Hong C. (2002). The status and conservation of large waterbirds on the Tonle Sap Great Lake, Cambodia 2000-2001. Wildlife Conservation Society, Phnom Penh.Sam Veasna (1999) Survey for Sarus Crane and other endangered bird species in Southern Kompong Thom province, Cambodia. Unpublished report to Oriental Bird Club, UK.Seng Kim Hout et al. (2002) Field survey of seasonally inundated wetlands located in the east of Tonle Sap Lake in Kampong Thom and Siem Reap Provinces, Cambodia. Unpublished report, Wildlife Conservation Society, Cambodia.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Northern Santuk. Downloaded from on 23/10/2016

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