|Location||Cambodia, Kampong Cham,Kampong Chhnang,Kampong Thom|
|Central coordinates||104o 53.00' East 12o 25.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A3, A4i|
|Altitude||4 - 16m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2003|
Site description The IBA is located to the south of Kampong Thom town, within the inundation zone of Tonle Sap Lake. The IBA comprises and one of the largest remnant tracts of seasonally inundated grassland within the Tonle Sap floodplain, variably influenced on its eastern and northern fringes by deepwater rice. This habitat is mixed with scattered, but often extensive, areas of dense scrub, lotus swamps, sedge beds, and, in the dry season, numerous small to medium-sized ponds. At the height of the wet season (August-October), the whole IBA is inundated. Parts of the IBA lie within Tonle Sap Multiple Use Area, designated under the 1993 Royal Decree on Protected Areas, and Tonle Sap Biosphere Reserve.The IBA is a very important breeding site for Bengal Florican Houbaropsis bengalensis during the dry season (December to May). In the wet season (May to July), a number of non-breeding waterbirds visit the site, including adjutants Leptoptilos spp., Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala and Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans. In addition, the IBA supports a substantial wintering population of Manchurian Reed Warbler Acrocephalus tangorum, as well as small numbers of wintering Greater Spotted and Imperial Eagles Aquila clanga and A. heliaca. In addition, the largest flock of White-shouldered Ibis Pseudibis davisoni recorded in Cambodia in recent decades was observed here in 1999.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Greater Adjutant Leptoptilos dubius||non-breeding||2001||rare||-||A1, A4i||Endangered|
|Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus||non-breeding||2001||common||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Milky Stork Mycteria cinerea||non-breeding||2001||rare||-||A1||Endangered|
|Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans||non-breeding||2001||common||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|White-shouldered Ibis Pseudibis davisoni||non-breeding||2001||rare||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Spot-billed Pelican Pelecanus philippensis||non-breeding||2001||abundant||-||A1||Near Threatened|
|Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga||non-breeding||2001||rare||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca||non-breeding||2001||rare||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Bengal Florican Houbaropsis bengalensis||non-breeding||2001||rare||-||A1, A3||Critically Endangered|
|Sarus Crane Antigone antigone||non-breeding||2001||rare||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Manchurian Reed-warbler Acrocephalus tangorum||winter||2001||unknown||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Plain-backed Sparrow Passer flaveolus||resident||2001||common||-||A3||Least Concern|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Grassland||Edaphic grassland; Secondary grassland||-|
|Wetlands (inland)||Ephemeral wetlands; Freshwater lakes and pools; Permanent swamps; Rivers and streams||-|
|Artificial - terrestrial||Perennial crops, orchards and groves; Rice paddies; Small settlements, rural gardens||-|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
|Notes: small settlements|
Other biodiversity Long-tailed Macaque (Macaca fascicularis), Silvered Langur (Semnopithecus cristatus).
References Document nameDavidson, P. (2001) A further twelve new species for Cambodia. Cambodia Bird News 7: 26-35Goes, F. (ed.) (2000) Recent Sightings. Cambodia Bird News 6: 44-51Goes, F. and Davidson, P. (eds.) (2002) Recent Sightings. Cambodia Bird News 9: 47-59.Goes, F., Hong Chamnan, Davidson, P. and Poole, C.M. (2001). Bengal Florican (Houbaropsis bengalensis) Conservation in Kompong Thom Province, Cambodia. Phnom Penh: Wildlife Conservation Society Cambodia Program.Sam Veasna (1999) Survey for Sarus Crane and other endangered bird species in Southern Kompong Thom province, Cambodia. Unpublished report to Oriental Bird Club, UK.Seng Kim Hout et al. (2002) Field survey of seasonally flooded wetlands located in the east of Tonle Sap Lake in Kampong and Siem Reap Provinces. Unpublished report, Wildlife Conservation Society, Cambodia.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Stung Sen / Santuk / Baray. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 31/10/2014
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