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Location Cambodia, Banteay Meanchay,Siem Reap
Central coordinates 103o 26.00' East  13o 26.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3, A4i
Area 69,570 ha
Altitude 4 - 12m
Year of IBA assessment 2003

BirdLife Indochina Programme (BirdLife Direct Action Programme)

Site description The IBA is located in the north-western part of the Tonle Sap floodplain, and comprises a substantial area of seasonally inundated grassland and scrub. This includes, in the south-east of the IBA, an area reportedly dominated by Wild Rice Oryza rufipogon, in mosaic with tall scrub and flooded forest, similar to that found at Veal Srongae IBA (KH020). In recent years, these habitats have been increasingly converted to deepwater and recession rice, reducing and fragmenting the key habitats at the IBA. The IBA is an important dry season breeding area for Bengal Florican Houbaropsis bengalensis, which occurs in areas of seasonally inundated grassland throughout. In addition, several other globally threatened and near-threatened species have been seasonally recorded at the IBA in small numbers, including Sarus Crane Grus antigone, Black-necked Stork Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus and Spot-billed Pelican Pelecanus philippensis.

Key Biodiversity Woolly-necked Stork and Comb Duck were also reported.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala non-breeding  1998  common  A4i  Near Threatened 
Spot-billed Pelican Pelecanus philippensis non-breeding  1998  common  A1, A4i  Near Threatened 
Bengal Florican Houbaropsis bengalensis resident  1998  abundant  A1, A3  Critically Endangered 
Sarus Crane Antigone antigone non-breeding  1998  common  A1  Vulnerable 

IBA Monitoring

2007 high very unfavourable low
Poor - based on little, or potentially unreliable/unrepresentative, data

Agriculture and aquaculture annual & perennial non-timber crops - agro-industry farming happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high

Artificial - terrestrial   0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable
Grassland   0 0 moderate (70-90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable
Wetlands (inland)   0 0 poor (40-69%) poor (40-69%) very unfavourable

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive  Very little or no conservation action taking place  low 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Tonle Sap Biosphere Multiple Use Management Area 322,270 protected area overlaps with site 4,000  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland Edaphic grassland; Secondary grassland  -
Artificial - terrestrial   -
Wetlands (inland) Ephemeral wetlands; Freshwater lakes and pools; Permanent swamps  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
nature conservation and research -
Notes: Tonle Sap Multiple Use Area overlaps the site (~ 4000ha)
not utilised -
other -
Notes: small settlements

Protection status Tonle Sap Multiple Use Area overlaps the site by approximately 4000ha.

Further web sources of information 

Site account from Directory of Important Bird Areas in Cambodia: key sites for conservation (Seng Kim Hout 2003)

References Pech Bunnat et al. (2002). Field survey of eastern Tonle Sap in Siem Reap and Banteay Meanchey Provinces. Unpublished report, Wildlife Conservation Society, Cambodia.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Preah Net Preah / Kra Lanh / Pourk. Downloaded from on 23/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife