|Central coordinates||104o 45.00' East 17o 50.00' North|
|Altitude||200 - 900m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2003|
Site description The IBA is situated inside Khammouan Limestone (Phou Hinboun) National Protected Area, in central Lao P.D.R. The IBA comprises a large, representative section of the national protected area. The north-west and south of the IBA are dominated by sparsely vegetated limestone karst, while the centre comprises an area of semi-evergreen forest and mixed deciduous forest on non-calcareous substrate, referred to as the 'central forest area' (Timmins 1997, Thewlis et al. 1998). The IBA was defined principally for Sooty Babbler Stachyris herberti, a species endemic to limestone areas in central Lao P.D.R. and central Vietnam. The IBA is expected to support a large population of this species. In addition, the IBA supports a form of leaf warbler Phylloscopus sp., which may represent an undescribed taxon, with a similar range to Sooty Babbler (P. Alström in litt. to Duckworth et al. 1998). Furthermore, the IBA supports populations of a number of globally threatened primates, most notably a taxon of Francois's Langur Semnopithecus francoisi endemic to Lao P.D.R. (Duckworth et al. 1999).
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Scaly-breasted Partridge Arborophila chloropus||resident||2002||common [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Grey Peacock-pheasant Polyplectron bicalcaratum||resident||2002||common [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Red-vented Barbet Megalaima lagrandieri||resident||2002||unknown [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Moustached Barbet Megalaima incognita||resident||2002||frequent [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Red-collared Woodpecker Picus rabieri||resident||2002||common [units unknown]||-||A3||Near Threatened|
|Bay Woodpecker Blythipicus pyrrhotis||resident||2002||unknown [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Black-winged Cuckooshrike Coracina melaschistos||resident||2002||unknown [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Grey-eyed Bulbul Iole propinqua||resident||2002||unknown [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Streaked Wren-babbler Napothera brevicaudata||resident||2002||common [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Sooty Babbler Stachyris herberti||resident||2002||common [units unknown]||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Lesser Necklaced Laughingthrush Garrulax monileger||resident||2002||unknown [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Black-throated Sunbird Aethopyga saturata||resident||2002||unknown [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Khammouane Limestone (Phou Hin Poun)||National Biodiversity Conservation Area||150,000||protected area contains site||79,000|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Forest||Moist deciduous forest (tropical); Semi-evergreen rain forest (tropical)||-|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
Other biodiversity There were three records of other important fauna, one confirmed record and two unconfirmed: either Sun Bear U. malayanus or Asiatic Black Bear U. thibetanus (confirmed), either Fishing Cat P. viverrinus or Asian Golden Cat C. temminckii (unconfirmed) and Tiger P. tigris (unconfirmed) (Steinmetz 1998).Timmins (1997) and Steinmetz (1998) recorded three species of primate in the IBA: Assamese Macaque Macaca assamensis, Francois's Langur Semnopithecus francoisi and a gibbon species Hylobates sp.Steinmetz (1998) recorded Asian Elephant Elephas maximus and provisional recorded Southern Serow Naemorhedus sumatraensis in the central forest area, in the south-east of the IBA. In addition, Steinmetz (1998) received unconfirmed reports of Asian Elephant, Gaur Bos gaurus and Southern Serow from this area.
References Document nameTimmins, R. J. (1997) Notes on wildlife and habitats in Khammouan Limestone National Conversation Area, Khammouan province, Lao PDR. Vientiane: CPAWM/WCS.Thewlis, R. M., Timmins, R. J., Evans, T. D. and Duckworth, J. W. (1998) The conservation status of birds in Laos: a review of key species. Bird Conserv. Internat. 8(suppl.): 1-159.Duckworth, J. W., Salter, R. E. and Khounboline, K. eds. (1999) Wildlife in Lao P.D.R.: 1999 status report. Vientiane: IUCN, WCS and CPAWM.Duckworth, J. W., Tizard, R. J., Timmins, R. J., Thewlis, R. M., Robichaud, W. G. and Evans, T. D. (1998) Bird records from Laos, October 1994-August 1995. Forktail 13: 33-68 (including errata sheet distributed with Forktail 14)..
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2013) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Khammouan Limestone. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/12/2013
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