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Location Spain, Castilla y León,Galicia
Central coordinates 6o 30.00' West  42o 20.00' North
IBA criteria B2, B3, C6
Area 55,000 ha
Altitude 750 - 2,188m
Year of IBA assessment 2000


Site description A mountainous area comprising the Montes Aquilanos and the Sierra del Teleno ranges. The vegetation is a mixture of deciduous and mixed forest, scrub, Pinus plantations and alpine grasslands. Human activities include hunting and forestry.

Key Biodiversity This is an important area for cliff-nesting raptors and forest birds. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Falco naumanni (100 non-breeding individuals).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Grey Partridge Perdix perdix resident  1990  50-55 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Least Concern 
Falco peregrinus resident  1996  14-25 breeding pairs  medium  B2, C6  Not Recognised 
European Honey-buzzard Pernis apivorus breeding  1996  25 breeding pairs  medium  B3, C6  Least Concern 
Montagu's Harrier Circus pygargus breeding  1996  10 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Least Concern 
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos resident  1996  7-11 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Circaetus gallicus breeding  1996  15-20 breeding pairs  medium  B2  Not Recognised 
Red-billed Chough Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax resident  1996  100-120 breeding pairs  medium  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Rufous-tailed Rock-thrush Monticola saxatilis breeding  1996  50-60 breeding pairs  medium  B2  Least Concern 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Broadleaved evergreen woodland; Mixed woodland  26%
Shrubland Heathland; Scrub  26%
Grassland Alpine, subalpine and boreal grassland; Dry siliceous grassland  -
Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams  -
Rocky areas Inland cliffs; Scree & boulders  -
Artificial - terrestrial Forestry plantations; Ruderal land  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 5%
forestry 20%
hunting 90%
military 10%
tourism/recreation 5%
water management 5%

Protection status National Low International Partial1,115 ha of IBA covered by Natural Monument (Las Médulas, 1,115 ha). IBA overlaps with World Heritage Site (Las Médulas).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Montes Aquilanos range. Downloaded from on 28/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife