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Location Laos, Champasak
Central coordinates 106o 2.00' East  14o 8.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3, A4i
Area 41,460 ha
Altitude 50 - 300m
Year of IBA assessment 2003

BirdLife Indochina Programme (Country programme)



Site description The IBA comprises the Dong Kalo area of Xe Pian National Protected Area, in southern Lao P.D.R. The topography of the IBA is dominated by an extensive plain, bisected by the Houay Kaliang, a seasonal stream, and Sayphou Kiou, a ridge of high ground. The vegetation of the IBA is dominated by dry dipterocarp forest but with some lowland mosaic forest, as well as semi-evergreen forest along watercourses and on Sayphou Kiou. There are numerous pools throughout the IBA, some of which are seasonal (Thewlis et al. 1998). To the east, the IBA is contiguous with Western Siem Pang IBA (KH032) in Cambodia, which supports a similar mosaic of habitats. A number of large waterbirds have been recorded at the IBA, including Giant Ibis Thaumatibis gigantea, Woolly-necked Stork Ciconia episcopus, Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus, and, possibly, Sarus Crane Grus antigone. However, as most available data are from the early 1990s, the current status of these species is unknown. Although the numbers of many of these species at the IBA may be quite low, they may form part of larger populations centred on Western Siem Pang IBA. In this context, the IBA may also be important for White-shouldered Ibis Pseudibis davisoni, which has been confirmed to occur within contiguous areas of Cambodia, although not within Dong Kalo IBA. In addition, while their occurrence has not been confirmed, the IBA may form part of a network of sites in southern Lao P.D.R. and northern Cambodia important for the conservation of White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis, Slender-billed Vulture G. tenuirostris and Red-headed Vulture Sarcogyps calvus.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Scaly-breasted Partridge Arborophila chloropus resident  2002  uncommon  A3  Least Concern 
Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus resident  2002  rare  A1  Vulnerable 
Giant Ibis Thaumatibis gigantea resident  2002  rare  A1, A4i  Critically Endangered 
White-rumped Falcon Polihierax insignis resident  2002  uncommon  A3  Near Threatened 
Rufous-winged Buzzard Butastur liventer resident  2002  uncommon  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-footed Green-pigeon Treron phoenicopterus resident  2002  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Blossom-headed Parakeet Psittacula roseata resident  2002  uncommon  A3  Near Threatened 
Lineated Barbet Megalaima lineata resident  2002  common  A3  Least Concern 
Green-eared Barbet Megalaima faiostricta resident  2002  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Red-collared Woodpecker Picus rabieri resident  2002  unknown  A3  Near Threatened 
Black-headed Woodpecker Picus erythropygius resident  2002  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Bay Woodpecker Blythipicus pyrrhotis resident  2002  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Black-and-buff Woodpecker Meiglyptes jugularis resident  2002  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Common Woodshrike Tephrodornis pondicerianus resident  2002  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Indochinese Cuckooshrike Coracina polioptera resident  2002  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Black-winged Cuckooshrike Coracina melaschistos resident  2002  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Brown-rumped Minivet Pericrocotus cantonensis resident  2002  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Small Minivet Pericrocotus cinnamomeus resident  2002  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Burmese Shrike Lanius collurioides passage  2002  uncommon  A3  Least Concern 
White-browed Fantail Rhipidura aureola resident  2002  common  A3  Least Concern 
Racket-tailed Treepie Crypsirina temia resident  2002  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Indochinese Bushlark Mirafra erythrocephala resident  2002  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Brown Prinia Prinia polychroa resident  2002  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Sooty-headed Bulbul Pycnonotus aurigaster resident  2002  common  A3  Least Concern 
Stripe-throated Bulbul Pycnonotus finlaysoni resident  2002  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Streak-eared Bulbul Pycnonotus blanfordi resident  2002  common  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-eyed Bulbul Iole propinqua resident  2002  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Asian Black Bulbul Hypsipetes leucocephalus resident  2002  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Sulphur-breasted Warbler Phylloscopus ricketti resident  2002  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-faced Tit-babbler Macronous kelleyi resident  2002  common  A2  Least Concern 
Lesser Necklaced Laughingthrush Garrulax monileger resident  2002  uncommon  A3  Least Concern 
Golden-crested Myna Ampeliceps coronatus breeding  2002  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Black-collared Starling Sturnus nigricollis resident  2002  common  A3  Least Concern 
Vinous-breasted Starling Sturnus burmannicus resident  2002  common  A3  Least Concern 
Hainan Blue-flycatcher Cyornis hainanus resident  2002  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Plain-backed Sparrow Passer flaveolus resident  2002  unknown  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Xe Pian National Biodiversity Conservation Area 240,000 protected area contains site 41,460  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Dry deciduous forest (tropical); Semi-evergreen rain forest (tropical)  -
Wetlands (inland) Freshwater lakes and pools; Rivers and streams  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -

Other biodiversity Cox et al. (1992) observed one Dhole Cuon alpinus at the IBA, and reported the presence of both Tiger Panthera tigris and Leopard P. pardus, on the basis of footprints. Tiger has since been confirmed to occur at the site on the basis of footprints (M. K. Poulsen, pers. comm.). In additional, WWF (1997) observed Sun Bear Ursus malayanus and Golden Jackal Canis aureus.Duckworth et al. (1993) recorded three species of primate: Slow Loris Nycticebus coucang, Long-tailed Macaque Macaca fascicularis and a gibbon species Hylobates sp. WWF (1997) observed Pig-tailed Macque M. nemestrina and Long-tailed Macaque M. fascicularis and heard Yellow-cheeked Crested Gibbon Hylobates gabriellae.Duckworth et al (1993) found Banteng Bos javanicus tracks to the north of the Houay Kaliang. WWF (1997) found signs of Banteng and Gaur B. gaurus. In addition, Cox et al. (1992) found old signs of Asian Elephant Elephas maximus, and received local reports that Gaur occurred at Dong Kalo but that they were rare.

Further web sources of information 

Site account from Important Bird Areas in Lao P.D.R. (Ounekham and Inthapatha 2003)

References Document nameThewlis, R. M., Timmins, R. J., Evans, T. D. and Duckworth, J. W. (1998) The conservation status of birds in Laos: a review of key species. Bird Conserv. Internat. 8(suppl.): 1-159.BirdLife International (2001) Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International red data book. Cambridge, U.K.: BirdLife International.Poulsen, M. K. (unpubl.) Full list of bird species known from Xe Pian NBCA. Unpublished list of birds compiled from Thewlis et al. (1996), Duckworth et al. (1998) and M. K. Poulsen pers. obs.Duckworth, J. W., Evans, T. D. and Timmins, R. J. (1993) A wildlife and habitat survey of the Xe Pian National Biodiversity Conservation Area (draft report). Vientiane: LSFCPThewlis, R. M., Duckworth, J. W., Anderson, G. Q. A., Dvorak, M., Evans, T. D., Nemeth, E., Timmins, R. J. and Wilkinson, R. J. (1996) Ornithological records from Laos, 1992-1993. Forktail 11: 47-100.Duckworth, J. W., Tizard, R. J., Timmins, R. J., Thewlis, R. M., Robichaud, W. G. and Evans, T. D. (1998) Bird records from Laos, October 1994-August 1995. Forktail 13: 33-68 (including errata sheet distributed with Forktail 14)..

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Dong Kalo. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 12/07/2014

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