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Location Laos, Attapu
Central coordinates 106o 16.00' East  14o 44.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3, A4i
Area 197,280 ha
Altitude 150 - 800m
Year of IBA assessment 2003

BirdLife Indochina Programme (Country programme)



Site description The IBA is centred on Bolaven South-west and Xe Khampho proposed national protected areas, in southern Lao P.D.R., and also includes parts of Xe Pian and Dong Hua Sao National Protected Areas. The IBA contains the middle stretches and large parts of the catchments of the Xe Pian and Xe Khampho, which flow south from the Bolaven plateau, to Xe Pian National Protected Area. The landscape of the IBA comprises lowlands and rolling hills, generally below 700 m asl, which support semi-evergreen forest (Thewlis et al. 1996, Duckworth et al. 1998). There is a high density of non-flowing wetlands within the IBA, many of which are permanent. The IBA is of high importance for the conservation of White-winged Duck Cairina scutulata, as it supports one of only three known significant populations in the country (Thewlis et al. 1998). The riverine habitats within the IBA are also important for Masked Finfoot Heliopais personata and Lesser Fish Eagle Ichthyophaga humilis. The non-flowing wetlands within the IBA may also be important for a number of large waterbird species. However, they have been the focus of little ornithological survey to date, particularly those within Xe Khampho proposed national protected area. Finally, the semi-evergreen forest at the IBA, which is the largest area of such forest in Lao P.D.R. and as large as any in Indochina or Thailand, supports a relatively intact bird community, and is important for Siamese Fireback Lophura diardi, Red-collared Woodpecker Picus rabieri and Great Hornbill Buceros bicornis (R. J. Timmins in litt. 2002).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Scaly-breasted Partridge Arborophila chloropus resident  2002  common [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Grey Peacock-pheasant Polyplectron bicalcaratum resident  2002  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Siamese Fireback Lophura diardi resident  2002  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-winged Duck Cairina scutulata resident  2002  uncommon [units unknown]  A1, A4i  Endangered 
White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis resident  2002  unknown [units unknown]  A1, A3  Critically Endangered 
Slender-billed Vulture Gyps tenuirostris unknown  2002  unknown [units unknown]  A1, A3  Critically Endangered 
Masked Finfoot Heliopais personatus unknown  2002  rare [units unknown]  A1, A3  Endangered 
Grey-headed Parakeet Psittacula finschii resident  2002  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Near Threatened 
Lineated Barbet Megalaima lineata resident  2002  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Green-eared Barbet Megalaima faiostricta resident  2002  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Moustached Barbet Megalaima incognita resident  2002  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Red-collared Woodpecker Picus rabieri resident  2002  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Near Threatened 
Black-headed Woodpecker Picus erythropygius resident  2002  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Pale-headed Woodpecker Gecinulus grantia resident  2002  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Bay Woodpecker Blythipicus pyrrhotis resident  2002  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Black-and-buff Woodpecker Meiglyptes jugularis resident  2002  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Eared Pitta Pitta phayrei resident  2002  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-rumped Pitta Pitta soror resident  2002  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Bar-bellied Pitta Pitta elliotii resident  2002  common [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-winged Pitta Pitta moluccensis breeding  2002  common [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Indochinese Cuckooshrike Coracina polioptera resident  2002  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Black-winged Cuckooshrike Coracina melaschistos resident  2002  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Brown-rumped Minivet Pericrocotus cantonensis resident  2002  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Maroon Oriole Oriolus traillii resident  2002  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-breasted Magpie Cissa hypoleuca resident  2002  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Racket-tailed Treepie Crypsirina temia resident  2002  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Stripe-throated Bulbul Pycnonotus finlaysoni resident  2002  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Streak-eared Bulbul Pycnonotus blanfordi resident  2002  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-eyed Bulbul Iole propinqua resident  2002  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Sulphur-breasted Warbler Phylloscopus ricketti passage  2002  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-faced Tit-babbler Macronous kelleyi resident  2002  common [units unknown]  A2  Least Concern 
Lesser Necklaced Laughingthrush Garrulax monileger resident  2002  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Black-browed Fulvetta Alcippe grotei resident  2002  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Golden-crested Myna Ampeliceps coronatus resident  2002  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Black-collared Starling Sturnus nigricollis resident  2002  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Vinous-breasted Starling Sturnus burmannicus resident  2002  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Hainan Blue-flycatcher Cyornis hainanus resident  2002  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Dong Houa Sao National Biodiversity Conservation Area 110,000 protected area overlaps with site 20,000  
Xe Pian National Biodiversity Conservation Area 240,000 protected area overlaps with site 75,000  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Semi-evergreen rain forest (tropical)  major
Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
agriculture -

Other biodiversity (WCS 1995) found some signs (incl. scratch marks on trees, torn open trunks and droppings) of either Sun Bear U. malayanus or Asiatic Black Bear U. thibetanus.WCS (1995) recorded three species of primate: Long-tailed Macaque Macaca fascicularis, Silvered Langur Semnopithecus cristatus and a gibbon species Hylobates species.CS found remains of one species of turtle in local villages: Impressed Tortoise Manouria impressa.WCS recorded tracks and dung several months old of one species of elephant: Asian Elphant Elephas maximus.

Further web sources of information 

Site account from Important Bird Areas in Lao P.D.R. (Ounekham and Inthapatha 2003)

References Claridge, G. (2000) Logging in Xe Pian National Biodiversity Conservation Area: ramifications formanagement planning. Advisor report to the FOMACOP/GEF project, Vientiane, April 2000.Duckworth, J. W. (1996) Moustached Hawk-Cuckoo Cuculus vagans and Booted Eagle Hieraaetus pennatus in Laos: two species new for Indochina. Forktail 11: 159-160.Duckworth, J. W., Tizard, R. J., Timmins, R. J., Thewlis, R. M., Robichaud, W. G. and Evans, T. D. (1998) Bird records from Laos, October 1994-August 1995. Forktail 13: 33-68 (including errata sheet distributed with Forktail 14).Poulsen, M. K. (unpubl.) Full list of bird species known from Xe Pian NBCA. Unpublished list of birds compiled from Thewlis et al. (1996), Duckworth et al. (1998) and M. K. Poulsen pers. obs.Thewlis, R. M., Duckworth, J. W., Anderson, G. Q. A., Dvorak, M., Evans, T. D., Nemeth, E., Timmins, R. J. and Wilkinson, R. J. (1996) Ornithological records from Laos, 1992-1993. Forktail 11: 47-100.Thewlis, R. M., Timmins, R. J., Evans, T. D. and Duckworth, J. W. (1998) The conservation status of birds in Laos: a review of key species. Bird Conserv. Internat. 8(suppl.): 1-159.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Xe Khampho / Xe Pian. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/04/2014

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