|Central coordinates||105o 56.00' East 17o 25.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2, A3|
|Year of IBA assessment||2003|
Ornithological information The previous surveys did not focus sufficiently on birds in the IBA area. Only well surveyed area was at Houay Gouan Xiem, but very much on the edge of the IBA and the Protected Area. Large area of IBA, deeping into the eastern side close to the Vietnamese border is the least known area. In the furture, more bird surveys in such area are required.There were records of undescribed Phylloscopus leaf warbler species, that may be a new species in the IBA.
Site description The topography of the IBA is characterised by limestone karst outcrops, interspersed with undulating limestone hills and valleys. The vegetation of the IBA is dominated by sparsely vegetated limestone karst, with semi-evergreen forest and mixed deciduous forest in valley bottoms (Thewlis et al. 1998, Walston and Vinton 1999). Forest in the east of the IBA, close to the international border with Vietnam, may be the only example of wet evergreen forest on limestone in Lao P.D.R.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Bar-backed Partridge Arborophila brunneopectus||resident||2002||common [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Scaly-breasted Partridge Arborophila chloropus||resident||2002||common [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Silver Pheasant Lophura nycthemera||resident||2002||uncommon [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Siamese Fireback Lophura diardi||resident||2002||frequent [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Grey Peacock-pheasant Polyplectron bicalcaratum||resident||2002||common [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Crested Argus Rheinardia ocellata||resident||2002||uncommon [units unknown]||-||A1, A2||Near Threatened|
|Rufous-winged Buzzard Butastur liventer||resident||2002||rare [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Yellow-vented Green-pigeon Treron seimundi||resident||2002||frequent [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Grey-headed Parakeet Psittacula finschii||resident||2002||unknown [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Asian Emerald Cuckoo Chrysococcyx maculatus||resident||2002||unknown [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Coral-billed Ground-cuckoo Carpococcyx renauldi||resident||2002||unknown [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Austen's Brown Hornbill Anorrhinus austeni||resident||2002||common [units unknown]||-||A3||Near Threatened|
|Red-vented Barbet Megalaima lagrandieri||resident||2002||common [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Lineated Barbet Megalaima lineata||resident||2002||frequent [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Green-eared Barbet Megalaima faiostricta||resident||2002||frequent [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Moustached Barbet Megalaima incognita||resident||2002||common [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Bay Woodpecker Blythipicus pyrrhotis||resident||2002||frequent [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Eared Pitta Pitta phayrei||resident||2002||uncommon [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Blue-rumped Pitta Pitta soror||resident||2002||uncommon [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Black-winged Cuckooshrike Coracina melaschistos||resident||2002||frequent [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|White-winged Magpie Urocissa whiteheadi||resident||2002||common [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Yellow-breasted Magpie Cissa hypoleuca||resident||2002||unknown [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Racket-tailed Treepie Crypsirina temia||resident||2002||unknown [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Ratchet-tailed Treepie Temnurus temnurus||resident||2002||frequent [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Sultan Tit Melanochlora sultanea||resident||2002||frequent [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Stripe-throated Bulbul Pycnonotus finlaysoni||resident||2002||frequent [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Grey-eyed Bulbul Iole propinqua||resident||2002||common [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Asian Black Bulbul Hypsipetes leucocephalus||resident||2002||common [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Streaked Wren-babbler Napothera brevicaudata||resident||2002||common [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Sooty Babbler Stachyris herberti||resident||2002||common [units unknown]||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Black-throated Laughingthrush Garrulax chinensis||resident||2002||uncommon [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Black-browed Fulvetta Alcippe grotei||resident||2002||common [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Indochinese Yuhina Yuhina torqueola||resident||2002||common [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Black-collared Starling Sturnus nigricollis||resident||2002||frequent [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Slaty-backed Forktail Enicurus schistaceus||resident||2002||rare [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Hainan Blue-flycatcher Cyornis hainanus||resident||2002||common [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Fork-tailed Sunbird Aethopyga christinae||resident||2002||unknown [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Black-throated Sunbird Aethopyga saturata||resident||2002||frequent [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Streaked Spiderhunter Arachnothera magna||resident||2002||frequent [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Hin Nam No||National Biodiversity Conservation Area||86,229||protected area contains site||68,125|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Forest||Moist deciduous forest (tropical); Semi-evergreen rain forest (tropical)||-|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
Other biodiversity Walston and Vinton (1999) recorded two species of other important fauna: Inornate Squirrel C. inornatus and either Asiatic Black Bear U. thibetanus or Sun Bear U. malayanus. Seven species were also reported (or their specimens were observed during the survey at local villages) occur in the area: Dhole C. alpinus, Oriental Small-clawed Otter A. cinereal, Owston's Palm Civet H. owstoni, Leopard Cat P. bengalensis, Marbled Cat P. marmorata, Clouded Leopard P. nebulosa and Tiger P. tigris.Walston and Vinton (1999) observed seven species of primate: Pig-tailed Macaque Macaca nemestrina, Assamese Macaque M. assamensis, Rhesus Macaque M. mulatta, Bear Macaque M. arctoides, Francois's Langur Semnopithecus francoisi, Douc Langur Pygathrix nemaeus and White/Yellow-cheeked Crested Gibbon Hylobates leucogenys/gabriellae.The results of interviewing local people showed that six species of turtle to occur within the survey area by Walston and Vinton (1999), but the sighting sites of these species were not confirmed and they might not occur inside this IBA area. The species reported include Asian Leaf Turtle Cyclemys dentata complex, Yellow-headed Temple Turtle Hieremys annandalii, Keeled Box Turtle Pyxidea mouhotii, Elongated Tortoise Indotestudo elongata, Asiatic Softshell Turtle Amyda cartilaginea and Wattle-necked Softshell Turtle Palea steindacheri (Walston and Vinton 1999).There are the evidences or reports of Gaur Bos gaurus.
Management considerations As a result of the inaccessibility of the terrain, threats to biodiversity at the IBA are medium to low compared with other sites in Lao P.D.R. However, threats are expected to increase as a result of human population growth and infrastructure development. Hunting and exploitation of forest products, including rattan and agarwood, remain serious threats to biodiversity. Particularly significant in this context are cross-border incursions into the IBA (Walston and Vinton 1999). Previously, the IBA was inhabited by members of an ethnic minority, who cultivated non-rice crops in small areas within the limestone. However, these people have now been resettled outside of the IBA, although they continue to maintain some cultivation within the IBA (Thewlis et al. 1998). Much of the remainder of the IBA is unsuitable for conversion to agriculture.
Protection status The Proposed Phou Louang Extension is located in south of Hin Namno Protected Area. If the Phou Louang Extension is accepted as the Protected Area, the Hin Namno Protected Area will increase in size. The Protected area may also share the border with the Nakai-Nam Theun Protected Area, if the Proposed Nakai-Nam Theun Protected Area Southern Corridor becomes a part of the Nakai-Nnam Theun Protected Arae.
References Duckworth, J. W., Salter, R. E. and Khounboline, K. eds. (1999) Wildlife in Lao P.D.R.: 1999 status report. Vientiane: IUCN, WCS and CPAWM.Duckworth, J. W., Tizard, R. J., Timmins, R. J., Thewlis, R. M., Robichaud, W. G. and Evans, T. D. (1998) Bird records from Laos, October 1994-August 1995. Forktail 13: 33-68 (including errata sheet distributed with Forktail 14).Thewlis, R. M., Timmins, R. J., Evans, T. D. and Duckworth, J. W. (1998) The conservation status of birds in Laos: a review of key species. Bird Conserv. Internat. 8(suppl.): 1-159.Timmins, R. J., Do Tuoc, Trinh Viet Cuong and Hendrichsen, D. K. (1999) A preliminary assessment of the conservation importance and conservation priorities of the Phong Nha-Ke Bang proposed national park, Quang Binh province, Vietnam. Hanoi: Fauna & Flora International Indochina Programme.Timmins, R. J. and Khounboline, K. (1996) A preliminary wildlife and habitat survey of Hin Namno National Biodiversity Conservation Area, Khammouan province, Lao P.D.R. Vientiane: CPAWM/WCS.Walston, J. L. and Vinton, M. D. eds. (1999) A wildlife and habitat survey of Hin Namno National Biodiversity Conservation Area and adjacent areas, Khammouane province, Lao P.D.R. Vientiane: WWF Lao Project Office and WCS Lao Program.
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