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Location Laos, Khammouan
Central coordinates 106o 19.00' East  17o 7.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 31,300 ha
Altitude 300 - 1,600m
Year of IBA assessment 2003

BirdLife Indochina Programme (BirdLife Direct Action Programme)

Site description The IBA is located in the upper catchment of the Xe Bangfai, immediately to the south of Hin Namno National Protected Area, in central Lao P.D.R. In contrast to Hin Namno National Protected Area, the geology of the IBA is principally non-calcareous. The vegetation of the IBA is dominated by semi-evergreen forest and dry evergreen forest, although the forests around the headwaters of the Xe Bangfai are probably more strongly influenced by monsoon rains crossing from Vietnam and, thus, wetter (Walston and Vinton 1999). Parts of the IBA were heavily bombed during the Second Indochinese War, as a result of which there is a large amount of unexploded ordnance in the area. Due to the presence of unexploded ordnance, survey coverage of the IBA is poor. However, results of surveys to date, coupled with anecdotal information from local people, indicate that the IBA supports a potentially significant population of Crested Argus Rheinardia ocellata. In addition, Siamese Fireback Lophura diardi, Lesser Fish Eagle Ichthyophaga humilis and, provisionally, Rufous-necked Hornbill Aceros nipalensis have been recorded at the IBA. Moreover, there are convincing reports of the occurrence of Saola Pseudoryx nghetinhensis from the IBA (Walston and Vinton 1999). To the east, the IBA is contiguous with Truong Son IBA (VN041) in Vietnam, which supports populations of many of the key species found at Upper Xe Bangfai IBA (Le Manh Hung et al. 2002).

Key Biodiversity The IBA supports five Key species of birds. Population of two speices, Siamese Fireback and Rufous-necked Hornbill may not be significant and also the identification of the latter was not confirmed and it might be other species of Hornbill.However, the area of primary forest inside the IBA site was not surveyed and it might support the number of population of five Key species or other IBA Key species of birds.

Non-bird biodiversity: Walston and Vinton (1999) recorded two fresh pug marks and a scratch mark of Tiger P. tigris and the evidences of Crestless Himalayan Poccupine H. brachyura.Walston and Vinton (1999) recorded seven species of primate: Pig-tailed Macaque Macaca nemestrina, Assamese Macaque M. assamensis, Rhesus Macaque M. mulatta, Bear Macaque M. arctoides, Francois's Langur Semnopithecus francoisi, Douc Langur Pygathrix nemaeus and White/Yellow-cheeked Crested Gibbon Hylobates leucogenys/gabriellae. There were also provisional records of Slow Loris Nycticebus coucang and Pygmy Loris N. pygmaeus.he results of interviewing local people showed that six species of turtle to occur within the survey area by Walston and Vinton (1999), but the sighting sites of these species were not confirmed and they might not occur inside this IBA area. The species reported include Asian Leaf Turtle Cyclemys dentata complex, Yellow-headed Temple Turtle Hieremys annandalii, Keeled Box Turtle Pyxidea mouhotii, Elongated Tortoise Indotestudo elongata, Asiatic Softshell Turtle Amyda cartilaginea and Wattle-necked Softshell Turtle Palea steindacheri (Walston and Vinton 1999).Walston and Vinton (1999) recorded old tracks of Gaur Bos gaurus at Ban Houayhat and Ban Pacan and recorded dropings of Southern Serow Naemorhedus sumatrensis throughout the area. There were also unconfirmed records of Saola Pseudoryx nghetinhensis.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Bar-backed Partridge Arborophila brunneopectus resident  2002  rare  A3  Least Concern 
Siamese Fireback Lophura diardi resident  2002  rare  A3  Least Concern 
Polyplectron bicalcaratum resident  2002  common  A3  Not Recognised 
Crested Argus Rheinardia ocellata resident  2002  frequent  A1, A2  Near Threatened 
Grey-headed Parakeet Psittacula finschii resident  2002  uncommon  A3  Near Threatened 
Bay Woodpecker Blythipicus pyrrhotis resident  2002  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Ashy Woodswallow Artamus fuscus resident  2002  rare  A3  Least Concern 
Common Woodshrike Tephrodornis pondicerianus resident  2002  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Black-winged Cuckooshrike Coracina melaschistos resident  2002  uncommon  A3  Least Concern 
White-winged Magpie Urocissa whiteheadi resident  2002  uncommon  A3  Least Concern 
Racket-tailed Treepie Crypsirina temia resident  2002  common  A3  Least Concern 
Stripe-throated Bulbul Pycnonotus finlaysoni resident  2002  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-eyed Bulbul Iole propinqua resident  2002  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Asian Black Bulbul Hypsipetes leucocephalus breeding  2002  present  A3  Least Concern 
Lesser Necklaced Laughingthrush Garrulax monileger resident  2002  rare  A3  Least Concern 
Greater Necklaced Laughingthrush Garrulax pectoralis resident  2002  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Black-throated Laughingthrush Garrulax chinensis resident  2002  common  A3  Least Concern 
Alcippe peracensis resident  2002  frequent  A3  Not Recognised 
Black-collared Starling Sturnus nigricollis resident  2002  rare  A3  Least Concern 
Orange-bellied Leafbird Chloropsis hardwickii resident  2002  uncommon  A3  Least Concern 
Black-throated Sunbird Aethopyga saturata resident  2002  uncommon  A3  Least Concern 
Streaked Spiderhunter Arachnothera magna resident  2002  common  A3  Least Concern 
Lineated Barbet Psilopogon lineatus resident  2002  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Moustached Barbet Psilopogon incognitus resident  2002  common  A3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2008 high not assessed negligible
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Agriculture and aquaculture annual & perennial non-timber crops - shifting agriculture happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - persecution/control happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Little/none of site covered (<10%)  No management planning has taken place  Very little or no conservation action taking place  negligible 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Dry evergreen forest (tropical); Semi-evergreen rain forest (tropical)  -
Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
not utilised -

Further web sources of information 

Site account from Important Bird Areas in Lao P.D.R. (Ounekham and Inthapatha 2003)

References Le Manh Hung, Pham Duc Tien, Tordoff, A. W. and Nguyen Dinh Dung (2002) A rapid field survey of Le Thuy and Quang Ninh districts, Quang Binh province, Vietnam. Unpublished report to the BirdLife International Vietnam Programme and the Institute of Ecology and Biological Resources.Walston, J. L. and Vinton, M. D. eds. (1999) A wildlife and habitat survey of Hin Namno National Biodiversity Conservation Area and adjacent areas, Khammouane province, Lao P.D.R. Vientiane: WWF Lao Project Office and WCS Lao Program.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Upper Xe Bangfai. Downloaded from on 23/10/2016

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