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Location Laos, Xekong
Central coordinates 107o 9.00' East  15o 21.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2
Area 5,140 ha
Altitude 800 - 1,400m
Year of IBA assessment 2003

BirdLife Indochina Programme (Country programme)



Site description The natural vegetation on the plateau has been extensively degraded, and the existing vegetation is dominated by pine woodland and grassland (Thewlis et al. 1998). In addition to pine woodland and grassland, there are small pockets of degraded semi-evergreen forest and dry evergreen forest, and patches of marshy land with tall grasses (Showler et al. 1998).

Key Biodiversity Bird diversity was moderate (considering the narrow altitudinal range covered), but the virtual absence of large ground-foraging species and relatively low densities of some others appeared to indecate quite high hunting pressure (Showler et al. 1998)

Non-bird biodiversity: Showler et al. (1998) recorded two species of other important fauna: Oriental Small-clawed Otter A. cinerea and Tiger P. tigris.Showler et al. (1998) found the remains of Big-headed Turtle Platysternon megacephalum hunted from the IBA site.Local villagers reported two herds totaling more than 20 animals of the Asian Elephant Elephas maximus present at the IBA site and Showler et al. (1998) also counted six piles of droppings.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Lineated Barbet Psilopogon lineatus resident  2002  rare  A3  Least Concern 
Bar-backed Partridge Arborophila brunneopectus resident  2002  rare  A3  Least Concern 
Silver Pheasant Lophura nycthemera resident  2002  rare  A3  Least Concern 
Siamese Fireback Lophura diardi resident  2002  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Hodgson's Frogmouth Batrachostomus hodgsoni resident  2002  rare  A3  Least Concern 
Megalaima franklinii resident  2002  rare  A3  Not Recognised 
Stripe-breasted Woodpecker Dendrocopos atratus resident  2002  rare  A3  Least Concern 
Bay Woodpecker Blythipicus pyrrhotis resident  2002  rare  A3  Least Concern 
Maroon Oriole Oriolus traillii resident  2002  rare  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-cheeked Tit Parus spilonotus resident  2002  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Black-throated Tit Aegithalos concinnus resident  2002  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Flavescent Bulbul Pycnonotus flavescens resident  2002  rare  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-eyed Bulbul Iole propinqua resident  2002  uncommon  A3  Least Concern 
Mountain Bulbul Hypsipetes mcclellandii resident  2002  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Asian Black Bulbul Hypsipetes leucocephalus resident  2002  common  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-bellied Tesia Tesia cyaniventer resident  2002  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-cheeked Warbler Seicercus poliogenys resident  2002  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Black-crowned Barwing Actinodura sodangorum resident  2002  unknown  A1, A2  Near Threatened 
Spot-throated Babbler Pellorneum albiventre resident  2002  rare  A3  Least Concern 
Red-billed Scimitar-babbler Pomatorhinus ochraceiceps resident  2002  uncommon  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-capped Babbler Stachyris ruficeps resident  2002  rare  A3  Least Concern 
White-cheeked Laughingthrush Garrulax vassali resident  2002  common  A2  Least Concern 
Red-tailed Laughingthrush Garrulax milnei resident  2002  rare  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-winged Minla Minla cyanouroptera resident  2002  common  A3  Least Concern 
Alcippe peracensis resident  2002  common  A3  Not Recognised 
Yellow-billed Nuthatch Sitta solangiae resident  2002  common  A2  Near Threatened 
Black-collared Starling Sturnus nigricollis resident  2002  common  A3  Least Concern 
Slaty-backed Forktail Enicurus schistaceus resident  2002  rare  A3  Least Concern 
White-gorgeted Flycatcher Ficedula monileger resident  2002  rare  A3  Least Concern 
Fork-tailed Sunbird Aethopyga christinae resident  2002  rare  A3  Least Concern 
Streaked Spiderhunter Arachnothera magna resident  2002  frequent  A3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2008 medium not assessed negligible
unset
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - shifting agriculture happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - unintentional effects (species is not the target) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) no or imperceptible deterioration low

Unknown  No management planning has taken place  Very little or no conservation action taking place  negligible 

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Dry evergreen forest (tropical); Semi-evergreen rain forest (tropical)  major
Grassland Secondary grassland  -
Wetlands (inland)   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
rangeland/pastureland -

Further web sources of information 

Site account from Important Bird Areas in Lao P.D.R. (Ounekham and Inthapatha 2003)

References Duckworth, J. W., Salter, R. E. and Khounboline, K. eds. (1999) Wildlife in Lao P.D.R.: 1999 status report. Vientiane: IUCN, WCS and CPAWM.Showler, D. A., Davidson, P., Vongkhamheng, C. and Salivong, K. (1998) A wildlife and habitat survey of the southern border of Xe Sap National Biodiversity Conservation Area and the Dakchung plateau, Xe Kong province, Lao P.D.R. Vientiane: CPAWM/WCS.Thewlis, R. M., Timmins, R. J., Evans, T. D. and Duckworth, J. W. (1998) The conservation status of birds in Laos: a review of key species. Bird Conserv. Internat. 8(suppl.): 1-159.Timmins, R. J. and Vongkhamheng, C. (1996) A preliminary wildlife and habitat survey of Xe Sap National Biodiversity Conservation Area and mountains to the south, Salavan province, Lao P.D.R. Vientiane: CPAWM/WCS.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Dakchung Plateau. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/12/2014

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