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Location Laos, Attapu
Central coordinates 106o 58.00' East  14o 48.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3
Area 71,400 ha
Altitude 200 - 400m
Year of IBA assessment 2003

BirdLife Indochina Programme (Country programme)



Site description The IBA is situated on the Attapu plain, immediately outside of Dong Ampham National Protected Area, in southern Lao P.D.R. The vegetation of the IBA is dominated by dry dipterocarp forest, with smaller patches of mixed deciduous forest. Although the IBA is, in general, very dry, with a gravelly substrate and few permanent watercourses, there are a number of seasonal pools of varying sizes scattered throughout it (Davidson et al. 1997). The major permanent watercourses in the IBA are the Xe Khaman, which flows through the centre, and the Xe Xou, which flows through the south. The avifauna of the IBA is characteristic of dry forest landscapes in central Indochina. The IBA is thought to support small numbers of White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis and Red-headed Vulture Sarcogyps calvus. While, by itself, the IBA is almost certainly not large enough to support viable populations of these two species in the long-term, it forms part of a network of sites throughout southern Lao P.D.R. and northern Cambodia that may be able to. In addition, the IBA may be used, at least periodically, by large waterbirds (R. J. Timmins in litt. 2002). Furthermore, the rivers within the IBA are known to support Lesser Fish Eagle Ichthyophaga humilis, and may also be important for a number of other riverine species.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
White-rumped Pygmy-falcon Polihierax insignis resident  2001  frequent  A3  Near Threatened 
White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis resident  2001  rare  A1, A3  Critically Endangered 
Red-headed Vulture Sarcogyps calvus resident  2001  rare  A3  Critically Endangered 
Rufous-winged Buzzard Butastur liventer resident  2001  common  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-footed Green-pigeon Treron phoenicopterus resident  2001  rare  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-headed Parakeet Psittacula finschii resident  2001  frequent  A3  Near Threatened 
Blossom-headed Parakeet Psittacula roseata resident  2001  frequent  A3  Near Threatened 
Black-headed Woodpecker Picus erythropygius resident  2001  common  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-winged Pitta Pitta moluccensis resident  2001  common  A3  Least Concern 
Ashy Woodswallow Artamus fuscus resident  2001  rare  A3  Least Concern 
Common Woodshrike Tephrodornis pondicerianus resident  2001  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Indochinese Cuckooshrike Coracina polioptera resident  2001  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Small Minivet Pericrocotus cinnamomeus resident  2001  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
White-browed Fantail Rhipidura aureola resident  2001  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Racket-tailed Treepie Crypsirina temia resident  2001  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Indochinese Bushlark Mirafra erythrocephala resident  2001  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Sooty-headed Bulbul Pycnonotus aurigaster resident  2001  common  A3  Least Concern 
Streak-eared Bulbul Pycnonotus blanfordi resident  2001  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
White-shouldered Starling Sturnus sinensis resident  2001  common  A3  Least Concern 
Black-collared Starling Sturnus nigricollis resident  2001  common  A3  Least Concern 
Vinous-breasted Starling Sturnus burmannicus resident  2001  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Orange-bellied Leafbird Chloropsis hardwickii resident  2001  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Lineated Barbet Psilopogon lineatus resident  2001  common  A3  Least Concern 
Green-eared Barbet Psilopogon faiostrictus resident  2001  common  A3  Least Concern 

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Dry deciduous forest (tropical)  major
Wetlands (inland) Freshwater lakes and pools; Rivers and streams; Shingle and stony beaches  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
other -
Notes: The Attapu plain is currently under consideration as a resettlement area.

Other biodiversity Davidson et al (1997) recorded one species of primate in the IBA site: Rhesus/Long-tailed Macaque Macaca mulatta/fascicularis. However, the author suggested that the species is likely to be Long-tailed Macaque.

Further web sources of information 

Site account from Important Bird Areas in Lao P.D.R. (Ounekham and Inthapatha 2003)

References Davidson, P., Robichaud, W. G., Tizard, R. J., Vongkhamheng, C. and Wolstencroft, J. (1997) A wildlife and habitat survey of Dong Ampham NBCA and Phou Khathong proposed NBCA, Attapeu province, Lao P.D.R. Vientiane: CPAWM/WCS.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Attapu Plain. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 24/07/2014

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