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Location Laos
Central coordinates 105o 30.00' East  14o 18.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3, A4i
Area 191,560 ha
Altitude 90 - 500m
Year of IBA assessment 2003

BirdLife Indochina Programme (BirdLife Direct Action Programme)

Site description The IBA is located inside Dong Khanthung proposed protected area, in southern Lao P.D.R. The topography of the IBA is dominated by a flat plain, between 90 and 120 m asl, bordered to the south by the Xe Lamphao, which forms the international border with Cambodia, and to the west by a ridge of hills, between 200 and 500 m asl, which form the international border with Thailand. Within the IBA, there are many permanent and seasonal pools, streams and rivers. The vegetation of the IBA comprises a mosaic of dry dipterocarp forest and semi-evergreen forest, with taller forest being found mainly along watercourses (Round 1998). To the south, the IBA is contiguous with Chhep IBA (KH016) in Cambodia, which supports a similar mosaic of habitats. The mosaic of forests and wetlands within the IBA is important for the conservation of a suite of large waterbirds, including Giant Ibis Thaumatibis gigantea, Black-necked Stork Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus, Woolly-necked Stork Ciconia episcopus and Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus, of which the latter two species are confirmed to breed (Round 1998). Sarus Crane Grus antigone has also been recorded at the IBA but the population is not believed to be significant and the species is believed to be on the verge of extirpation (Round 1998). White-shouldered Ibis Pseudibis davisoni has been provisionally recorded, and, if it was confirmed to regularly occur in significant numbers, the conservation importance of the IBA would be markedly increased. The riverine habitats within the IBA are important for a suite of key bird species, including White-winged Duck Cairina scutulata, Masked Finfoot Heliopais personata, Lesser Fish Eagle Ichthyophaga humilis and Grey-headed Fish Eagle I. ichthyaetus. While there may not be sufficient suitable habitat within the IBA to support viable populations of these species in the long term, the IBA forms part of a network of sites in southern Lao P.D.R., northern Cambodia and eastern Thailand that may be able to. Small numbers of White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis and Red-headed Vulture Sarcogyps calvus have been recorded at the IBA, although, again, these are probably part of larger populations distributed across a wider area. Other globally threatened and near-threatened bird species found at the IBA include Green Peafowl Pavo muticus, White-rumped Falcon Polihierax insignis and Asian Golden Weaver Ploceus hypoxanthus (Round 1998). In addition, the IBA is the only known wintering site for Manchurian Reed Warbler Acrocephalus tangorum in Lao P.D.R. (Duckworth et al. 1999), although this species may occur widely elsewhere, as there has been little ornithological study at potentially suitable localities. Furthermore, the IBA is one of only two sites in Lao P.D.R. known to support Moustached Hawk Cuckoo Cuculus vagans (Duckworth et al. 1999). Finally the IBA supports Pileated Gibbon Hylobates pileatus (Duckworth et al. 1999), and one of only two confirmed populations of Eld's Deer Cervus eldii in Lao P.D.R. (Duckworth et al. 1999, Vongkhamheng and Phirasack 2002), although, if this population is still extant, it is under intense threat (Round 1998).

Key Biodiversity The IBA is one of few IBAs support Giant Ibis, White-winged Duck and Black-necked Stork in Laos. The IBA also supports many other important Key species of birds including Green Peafowl. Amongst the all Key species, Green Peafowl, White-winged Duck and Giant Ibis are immediately threatened with extirpation from the area. Thus, ugent intervention is needed to prevent the present exceptionally high biodiversity being eroded.Biome-restricted species: The site qualifies under criterion A3 because it supports 14 species restricted to the Indochinese Tropical Moist Forests (Biome 09) and 23 species restricted to the Indo-Malayan Tropical Dry Zone (Biome 11) (Round 1998, Evans et al. 2000). See Appendix 3 for details.

Non-bird biodiversity: Round (1998) recorded two species of primate: Pig-tailed Macaque Macaca nemestrina and Pileated Gibbon Hylobates pileatus.The survey of amphibians and reptiles by Stuart (1998) attatched (as APPENDIX 4) in Round (1998) found out the possible presence of five species of turtles: Asian Box Turtle Cuora amboinensis, Giant Asian Pond Turtle Heosemys grandis, Malayan Snail-eating Turtle Malayemys subtrijuga, Elongated Tortoise Indotestudo elongata and Asiatic Softshell Turtle Amyda cartilaginea.Round (1998) recorded three species of elephant and ungulate in the IBA: Asian Elephant Elephas maximus, Gaur Bos gaurus and Banteng Bos javanicus.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Green-legged Partridge Arborophila chloropus resident  2002  uncommon  A3  Least Concern 
Green Peafowl Pavo muticus resident  2002  frequent  A1, A3  Endangered 
Siamese Fireback Lophura diardi resident  2002  common  A3  Least Concern 
White-winged Duck Asarcornis scutulata resident  2002  rare  A1, A4i  Endangered 
Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus resident  2002  common  A1  Vulnerable 
Giant Ibis Thaumatibis gigantea resident  2002  rare  A1, A4i  Critically Endangered 
White-rumped Pygmy-falcon Polihierax insignis resident  2002  rare  A3  Near Threatened 
White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis resident  2002  rare  A1, A3  Critically Endangered 
Red-headed Vulture Sarcogyps calvus resident  2002  uncommon  A3  Critically Endangered 
Rufous-winged Buzzard Butastur liventer resident  2002  common  A3  Least Concern 
Masked Finfoot Heliopais personatus breeding  2002  uncommon  A1, A3  Endangered 
Yellow-footed Green-pigeon Treron phoenicopterus resident  2002  uncommon  A3  Least Concern 
Blossom-headed Parakeet Psittacula roseata resident  2002  frequent  A3  Near Threatened 
Coral-billed Ground-cuckoo Carpococcyx renauldi resident  2002  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Indian Nightjar Caprimulgus asiaticus resident  2002  rare  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-crowned Woodpecker Leiopicus mahrattensis resident  2002  rare  A3  Least Concern 
Black-headed Woodpecker Picus erythropygius resident  2002  common  A3  Least Concern 
Black-and-buff Woodpecker Meiglyptes jugularis resident  2002  uncommon  A3  Least Concern 
Eared Pitta Pitta phayrei resident  2002  uncommon  A3  Least Concern 
Bar-bellied Pitta Pitta elliotii resident  2002  uncommon  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-winged Pitta Pitta moluccensis resident  2002  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Common Woodshrike Tephrodornis pondicerianus resident  2002  uncommon  A3  Least Concern 
Indochinese Cuckooshrike Coracina polioptera resident  2002  uncommon  A3  Least Concern 
Brown-rumped Minivet Pericrocotus cantonensis resident  2002  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Small Minivet Pericrocotus cinnamomeus resident  2002  common  A3  Least Concern 
Burmese Shrike Lanius collurioides resident  2002  common  A3  Least Concern 
White-browed Fantail Rhipidura aureola resident  2002  rare  A3  Least Concern 
Racket-tailed Treepie Crypsirina temia resident  2002  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Indochinese Bushlark Mirafra erythrocephala resident  2002  uncommon  A3  Least Concern 
Brown Prinia Prinia polychroa resident  2002  common  A3  Least Concern 
Sooty-headed Bulbul Pycnonotus aurigaster resident  2002  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Stripe-throated Bulbul Pycnonotus finlaysoni resident  2002  common  A3  Least Concern 
Streak-eared Bulbul Pycnonotus blanfordi resident  2002  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-eyed Bulbul Iole propinqua resident  2002  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Asian Black Bulbul Hypsipetes leucocephalus resident  2002  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Manchurian Reed-warbler Acrocephalus tangorum winter  2002  rare  A1  Vulnerable 
Lesser Necklaced Laughingthrush Garrulax monileger resident  2002  uncommon  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-tailed Starling Sturnus malabaricus resident  2002  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Black-collared Starling Sturnus nigricollis resident  2002  abundant  A3  Least Concern 
Vinous-breasted Starling Sturnus burmannicus resident  2002  uncommon  A3  Least Concern 
Hainan Blue-flycatcher Cyornis hainanus resident  2002  uncommon  A3  Least Concern 
Plain-backed Sparrow Passer flaveolus resident  2002  uncommon  A3  Least Concern 
Lineated Barbet Psilopogon lineatus resident  2002  common  A3  Least Concern 
Green-eared Barbet Psilopogon faiostrictus resident  2002  frequent  A3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2008 medium not assessed low
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - unintentional effects (species is not the target) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Biological resource use logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  No management planning has taken place  Very little or no conservation action taking place  low 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   major
Wetlands (inland)   minor
Artificial - terrestrial   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
rangeland/pastureland -
not utilised -

Further web sources of information 

Site account from Important Bird Areas in Lao P.D.R. (Ounekham and Inthapatha 2003)

References Duckworth, J. W., Salter, R. E. and Khounboline, K. eds. (1999) Wildlife in Lao P.D.R.: 1999 status report. Vientiane: IUCN, WCS and CPAWM.Evans, T. D., Towll, H. C., Timmins, R. J., Thewlis, R. M., Stones, A. J., Robichaud, W. G. and Barzen, J. (2000) Ornithological records from the lowlands of southern Laos during December 1995-September 1996, including areas on the Thai and Cambodian borders. Forktail 16: 29-52.Round, P. D. (1998) Wildlife, habitats and priorities for conservation in Dong Khanthung Proposed National Biodiversity Conservation Area, Champasak province, Lao P.D.R. Vientiane: WCS/CPAWM.Thewlis, R. M., Timmins, R. J., Evans, T. D. and Duckworth, J. W. (1998) The conservation status of birds in Laos: a review of key species. Bird Conserv. Internat. 8(suppl.): 1-159.Vongkhamheng, C. and Phirasack, S. (2002) Eld's deer (Cervus eldii siamensis) surveys in Chonbuly district, Savannakhet province, Lao P.D.R. Vientiane: WCS.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Dong Khanthung. Downloaded from on 24/10/2016

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