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Location Spain, Cantabria,Castilla y León
Central coordinates 4o 20.00' West  43o 0.00' North
IBA criteria B2, B3, C6
Area 110,000 ha
Altitude 600 - 2,175m
Year of IBA assessment 2000


Site description A mountainous site in the Cantabrian range with extensive areas of scrub and grassland, and some deciduous forest. Human activities include tourism and recreation, hunting and cattle-grazing.

Key Biodiversity This is an important site for breeding forest raptors.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Western Capercaillie Tetrao urogallus breeding  1991  5-6 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Grey Partridge Perdix perdix breeding  1996  100 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Least Concern 
European Honey-buzzard Pernis apivorus breeding  1992  35 breeding pairs  medium  B3, C6  Least Concern 
Circaetus gallicus breeding  1992  20 breeding pairs  medium  B2, C6  Not Recognised 
Black Woodpecker Dryocopus martius resident  1992  14 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Least Concern 
Middle Spotted Woodpecker Leiopicus medius resident  1992  45 breeding pairs  medium  B3, C6  Least Concern 
Red-billed Chough Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax resident  1992  100 breeding pairs  medium  B2  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Saja National Game Reserve 180,186 protected area overlaps with site 70,000  
Saja - Besaya Nature Park 24,500 protected area contained by site 23,932  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Alluvial and very wet forest; Broadleaved deciduous woodland  -
Shrubland Heathland; Scrub  26%
Grassland Alpine, subalpine and boreal grassland; Humid grasslands  26%
Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
hunting 26%
agriculture 26%
tourism/recreation 26%

Protection status National Partial International None70,000 ha of IBA covered by National Game Reserve (Saja, 180,186 ha). 23,932 ha of IBA covered by Natural Park (Saja-Besaya, 23,932 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Peña Labra and Cordel mountain ranges. Downloaded from on 27/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife