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Location Spain, Castilla y León
Central coordinates 4o 40.00' West  42o 55.00' North
IBA criteria B2, C6
Area 66,000 ha
Altitude 1,000 - 2,520m
Year of IBA assessment 2000

SEO/BirdLife



Site description A mountainous area in the Cordillera Cantábrica with limestone cliffs, Quercus and Fagus woodland, and alpine grasslands grazed by cattle. The site also includes five protected lakes.

Key Biodiversity This is an important site for cliff-nesting and forest species.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Grey Partridge Perdix perdix breeding  1995  110-120 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Short-toed Snake-eagle Circaetus gallicus breeding  1992  20 breeding pairs  medium  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Middle Spotted Woodpecker Leiopicus medius resident  1995  5-10 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Least Concern 
Rufous-tailed Rock-thrush Monticola saxatilis breeding  1995  140 breeding pairs  poor  B2  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2007 very high not assessed medium
unset
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming likely in long term (beyond 4 years) majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Climate change and severe weather habitat shifting and alteration likely in short term (within 4 years) majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Energy production and mining renewable energy likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration medium
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Invasive and other problematic species and genes problematic native species/diseases - named species happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Natural system modifications other ecosystem modifications happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species fishing & harvesting aquatic resources - unintentional effects: large scale happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - persecution/control happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - unintentional effects (species is not the target) happening now whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: large scale happening now some of area/population (10-49%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Pollution agricultural & forestry effluents - type unknown/unrecorded happening now whole area/population (>90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Pollution domestic & urban waste water - type unknown/unrecorded happening now whole area/population (>90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads likely in short term (within 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  No management plan exists but the management planning process has begun  Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity  medium 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Fuentes Carrionas National Game Reserve 47,755 protected area contained by site 47,755  
FUENTES CARRIONAS Y FUENTE COBRE-MONTAÑA PALENTINA - ES4140011 Birds Directive 78,179 protected area overlaps with site 52,900  
Liébana - ES0000198 Birds Directive 29,071 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
Liebana - ES1300001 Habitats Directive 42,546 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
PICOS DE EUROPA EN CASTILLA Y LEÓN - ES4130003 Birds Directive 101,337 protected area is adjacent to site 0  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Mixed woodland  -
Shrubland Heathland; Scrub  26%
Grassland Alpine, subalpine and boreal grassland; Humid grasslands  -
Rocky areas Inland cliffs; Scree & boulders  -
Artificial - terrestrial Forestry plantations; Highly improved re-seeded landscapes  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 60%
forestry 20%
hunting 80%
water management 5%
not utilised 20%

Protection status National Partial International None47,755 ha of IBA covered by National Game Reserve (Fuentes Carrionas, 47,755 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Fuentes Carrionas. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/12/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife