Sites - Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBAs)
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Picos de Europa mountain range
Spain, Asturias,Cantabria,Castilla y León
4o 50.00' West 43o 10.00' North
A3, B1iii, B2, B3, C2, C6
350 - 2,617m
Year of IBA assessment
Site description A rugged limestone karst landscape, with expanses of rocks, cliffs, two deep gorges and two small mountain lakes. Grasslands predominate, but in the lower areas there are extensive deciduous woods. Human activities include tourism, livestock-farming and game hunting.
Key Biodiversity Breeding birds include four of the 10 species in Europe that are restricted to the Eurasian high-montane biome (when breeding).
Alluvial and very wet forest; Broadleaved deciduous woodland
Alpine, subalpine and boreal grassland; Humid grasslands
Inland cliffs; Scree & boulders
Artificial - terrestrial
Highly improved re-seeded landscapes
Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research
Protection statusNational Partial International Partial64,660 ha of IBA covered by National Park (Picos de Europa, 64,660 ha). 7,630 ha of IBA covered by National Game Reserve (Picos de Europa, 7,630 ha). 20,088 ha of IBA covered by Regional Park (Picos de Europa, 120,760 ha). 16,925 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Montaña de Covadonga, 16,925 ha).
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BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Picos de Europa mountain range. Downloaded from
http://www.birdlife.org on 24/11/2014
To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife