|Location||Spain, Asturias,Castilla y León|
|Central coordinates||5o 22.00' West 43o 6.00' North|
|IBA criteria||B2, C6|
|Altitude||200 - 2,189m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2000|
Ornithological information This is an important area for breeding raptors, particularly Neophron percnopterus and Aquila chrysaetos, and for breeding forest species.
Site description A mountainous area in the central Cordillera Cantábrica, between Asturias and León. The area is crossed by deep valleys, with grasslands and deciduous woodland, and scrub and rocky areas at higher altitudes. The main human activities are forestry, game hunting and tourism.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Western Capercaillie Tetrao urogallus||resident||1996||17-27 breeding pairs||medium||C6||Least Concern|
|Grey Partridge Perdix perdix||resident||1996||65 breeding pairs||medium||C6||Least Concern|
|Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus||breeding||1996||10-18 breeding pairs||medium||B2, C6||Endangered|
|Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos||resident||1996||13-16 breeding pairs||good||B2, C6||Least Concern|
|Middle Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos medius||resident||1996||6-7 breeding pairs||good||C6||Least Concern|
|Black woodpecker Dryocopus martius||resident||1995||6-8 breeding pairs||medium||C6||Least Concern|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Aller-Lena - ES1200037||Habitats Directive||13,266||protected area overlaps with site||13,139|
|Caso||National Game Reserve||29,834||protected area contained by site||29,834|
|Cuencas Mineras - ES1200039||Habitats Directive||13,225||protected area overlaps with site||5,180|
|MONTAÑA CENTRAL DE LEÓN - ES4130050||Habitats Directive||34,352||protected area overlaps with site||16,718|
|PICOS DE EUROPA - ES0000003||Birds Directive||23,783||protected area is adjacent to site||0|
|PICOS DE EUROPA EN CASTILLA Y LEÓN - ES4130003||Birds Directive||101,337||protected area overlaps with site||9,779|
|Piloña||National Game Reserve||10,492||protected area overlaps with site||1,500|
|Ponga||National Game Reserve||20,082||protected area contained by site||20,082|
|Ponga- Amieva - ES0000316||Birds Directive||28,102||protected area overlaps with site||22,870|
|Ponga-Amieva - ES1200009||Birds Directive||28,100||protected area overlaps with site||22,908|
|Redes||Nature Park||52,073||protected area overlaps with site||30,000|
|Redes - ES1200008||Birds Directive||37,803||protected area overlaps with site||32,336|
|Rioseco||National Game Reserve||150||protected area contained by site||150|
|Ros Negro y Aller - ES1200054||Habitats Directive||136||protected area overlaps with site||26|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Forest||Alluvial and very wet forest; Broadleaved deciduous woodland||26%|
|Grassland||Alpine, subalpine and boreal grassland; Humid grasslands||26%|
|Wetlands (inland)||Raised bogs; Rivers and streams||-|
|Rocky areas||Inland cliffs; Scree & boulders||-|
|Artificial landscapes (terrestrial)||Arable land||-|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Management considerations Enlargement of the ski infrastructure, tourism and dams are the main threats. Woodland fires and grassland fires, used to provide grazing, are also problems.
Protection status National Partial International None29,834 ha of IBA covered by National Game Reserve (Caso, 29,834 ha). 1,500 ha of IBA covered by National Game Reserve (Piloña, 10,492 ha). 20,082 ha of IBA covered by National Game Reserve (Ponga, 20,082 ha). 30,000 ha of IBA covered by Natural Park (Reres, 45,000 ha). 150 ha of IBA covered by National Game Reserve (Rioseco, 150 ha).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2013) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Central ranges of the Cantabric mountains. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/05/2013
To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife