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Location Spain, Asturias,Castilla y León
Central coordinates 5o 22.00' West  43o 6.00' North
IBA criteria B2, C6
Area 117,500 ha
Altitude 200 - 2,189m
Year of IBA assessment 2000

SEO/BirdLife



Site description A mountainous area in the central Cordillera Cantábrica, between Asturias and León. The area is crossed by deep valleys, with grasslands and deciduous woodland, and scrub and rocky areas at higher altitudes. The main human activities are forestry, game hunting and tourism.

Key Biodiversity This is an important area for breeding raptors, particularly Neophron percnopterus and Aquila chrysaetos, and for breeding forest species.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Western Capercaillie Tetrao urogallus resident  1996  17-27 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Least Concern 
Grey Partridge Perdix perdix resident  1996  65 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Least Concern 
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos resident  1996  13-16 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus breeding  1996  10-18 breeding pairs  medium  B2, C6  Endangered 
Black Woodpecker Dryocopus martius resident  1995  6-8 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Least Concern 
Middle Spotted Woodpecker Leiopicus medius resident  1996  6-7 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Aller-Lena - ES1200037 Habitats Directive 13,266 protected area overlaps with site 13,139  
Caso National Game Reserve 29,834 protected area contained by site 29,834  
Cuencas Mineras - ES1200039 Habitats Directive 13,225 protected area overlaps with site 5,180  
MONTAÑA CENTRAL DE LEÓN - ES4130050 Habitats Directive 34,352 protected area overlaps with site 16,718  
PICOS DE EUROPA - ES0000003 Birds Directive 23,783 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
PICOS DE EUROPA EN CASTILLA Y LEÓN - ES4130003 Birds Directive 101,337 protected area overlaps with site 9,779  
Piloña National Game Reserve 10,492 protected area overlaps with site 1,500  
Ponga National Game Reserve 20,082 protected area contained by site 20,082  
Ponga- Amieva - ES0000316 Birds Directive 28,102 protected area overlaps with site 22,870  
Ponga-Amieva - ES1200009 Birds Directive 28,100 protected area overlaps with site 22,908  
R Habitats Directive 136 protected area overlaps with site 26  
Redes Nature Park 52,073 protected area overlaps with site 30,000  
Redes - ES1200008 Birds Directive 37,803 protected area overlaps with site 32,336  
Rioseco National Game Reserve 150 protected area contained by site 150  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Alluvial and very wet forest; Broadleaved deciduous woodland  26%
Shrubland Heathland; Scrub  26%
Grassland Alpine, subalpine and boreal grassland; Humid grasslands  26%
Wetlands (inland) Raised bogs; Rivers and streams  -
Rocky areas Inland cliffs; Scree & boulders  -
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 85%
forestry -
hunting 90%
tourism/recreation -

Protection status National Partial International None29,834 ha of IBA covered by National Game Reserve (Caso, 29,834 ha). 1,500 ha of IBA covered by National Game Reserve (Piloña, 10,492 ha). 20,082 ha of IBA covered by National Game Reserve (Ponga, 20,082 ha). 30,000 ha of IBA covered by Natural Park (Reres, 45,000 ha). 150 ha of IBA covered by National Game Reserve (Rioseco, 150 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Central ranges of the Cantabric mountains. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 24/11/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife