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Location Spain, Asturias,Castilla y León
Central coordinates 6o 0.00' West  43o 10.00' North
IBA criteria A3, B1iii, B2, B3, C2, C6
Area 166,860 ha
Altitude 800 - 2,417m
Year of IBA assessment 2000

SEO/BirdLife



Site description A large mountainous area in the Cordillera Cantábrica. The site is characterized by deciduous woodland, scrub, grassland and narrow valleys with many small villages and some cultivation. The area is used for cattle-grazing, hunting, forestry and tourism and some mining.

Key Biodiversity Breeding birds include five of the 10 species in Europe that are restricted to the Eurasian high-montane biome (when breeding).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Western Capercaillie Tetrao urogallus resident  1996  30-40 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Least Concern 
Grey Partridge Perdix perdix resident  1996  110 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Falco peregrinus resident  1996  12-16 breeding pairs  medium  B2, C6  Not Recognised 
European Honey-buzzard Pernis apivorus breeding  1996  20 breeding pairs  poor  B3, C6  Least Concern 
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos resident  1996  6-7 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Least Concern 
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus breeding  1996  30-40 breeding pairs  medium  B1iii, B2, C2, C6  Endangered 
Circus cyaneus resident  1996  12-16 breeding pairs  medium  B2, C6  Not Recognised 
Circaetus gallicus breeding  1996  19-24 breeding pairs  medium  B2, C6  Not Recognised 
Black Woodpecker Dryocopus martius resident  1996  5 breeding pairs  poor  C6  Least Concern 
Middle Spotted Woodpecker Leiopicus medius resident  1996  1-4 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Least Concern 
Yellow-billed Chough Pyrrhocorax graculus resident  1996  common  A3  Least Concern 
Wallcreeper Tichodroma muraria resident  1996  common  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-tailed Rock-thrush Monticola saxatilis breeding  1996  35-50 breeding pairs  poor  B2  Least Concern 
White-winged Snowfinch Montifringilla nivalis resident  1996  common  A3  Least Concern 
Alpine Accentor Prunella collaris resident  1996  common  A3  Least Concern 
Alpine Citril Finch Carduelis citrinella resident  1996  common  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Somiedo National Game Reserve 87,900 protected area overlaps with site 86,000  
Somiedo Nature Park 29,122 protected area contained by site 29,122  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Alluvial and very wet forest; Broadleaved deciduous woodland  15%
Shrubland Heathland; Scrub  20%
Grassland Alpine, subalpine and boreal grassland; Humid grasslands  40%
Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams  5%
Rocky areas Inland cliffs; Scree & boulders  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 60%
hunting 90%
water management 6%
not utilised 30%
tourism/recreation -
forestry -
urban/industrial/transport -

Protection status National Partial International Partial86,000 ha of IBA covered by National Game Reserve (Somiedo, 87,900 ha). 29,122 ha of IBA covered by Natural Park (Somiedo, 29,122 ha). 29,122 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Somiedo, 29,122 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Babia-Somiedo. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/05/2015

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife