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Location Spain, Castilla y León,Galicia
Central coordinates 6o 50.00' West  42o 50.00' North
IBA criteria B2, C6
Area 50,600 ha
Altitude 400 - 1,910m
Year of IBA assessment 2000


Site description A rugged mountainous area with many valleys covered by deciduous woodland, scrub and grasslands. The main human activities are cattle-farming and hunting.

Key Biodiversity This is an important area for breeding forest species.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Western Capercaillie Tetrao urogallus resident  1996  5 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Least Concern 
Grey Partridge Perdix perdix breeding  1996  50-80 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Least Concern 
European Honey-buzzard Pernis apivorus breeding  1996  10 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Rufous-tailed Rock-thrush Monticola saxatilis breeding  1996  50 breeding pairs  good  B2  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Los Ancares de Lugo National Game Reserve 7,975 protected area contained by site 7,975  
Los Ancares Leoneses National Game Reserve 38,300 protected area contained by site 38,300  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland  26%
Shrubland Heathland  26%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Forestry plantations; Highly improved re-seeded landscapes  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
forestry 26%
hunting 26%

Protection status National High International None38,300 ha of IBA covered by National Game Reserve (Ancares Leoneses, 38,300 ha). 7,975 ha of IBA covered by National Game Reserve (Ancares de Lugo, 7,975 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Ancares mountains. Downloaded from on 21/10/2016

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