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Location Singapore
Central coordinates 103o 48.00' East  1o 22.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3
Area 5,446 ha
Altitude 0 - 138m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Nature Society (Singapore)

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Straw-headed Bulbul Pycnonotus zeylanicus resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Brown-chested Jungle-flycatcher Rhinomyias brunneatus winter  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 

IBA Monitoring

2012 medium near favourable medium
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Forest   0 0 good (> 90%) moderate (70-90%) near favourable

Pycnonotus zeylanicus Straw-headed Bulbul 50 25 individuals 50 unfavourable
Rhinomyias brunneatus Brown-chested Jungle-flycatcher 500 400 individuals 80 near favourable

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive  Some limited conservation initiatives are in place  medium 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Bukit Timah Nature Reserve 164 protected area contains site 2,300  
Central Catchment Nature Reserve 2,675 protected area overlaps with site 2,181  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -
Artificial - terrestrial   -
Wetlands (inland)   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
tourism/recreation -
nature conservation and research -
other -

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Central Forest. Downloaded from on 26/10/2016

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