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Location Mongolia, Khentii
Central coordinates 110o 22.00' East  48o 19.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i
Area 42,900 ha
Altitude 1,074 - 1,361m
Year of IBA assessment 2009





Site description This site, which was nominated as a Ramsar Site in 2004, is located on the boundaries of Batshireet, Binder, Bayan-Adraga and Umnu- Delger soums of Khentii aimag. The site contains many small lakes important for birds, which concentrated in two river valleys. For this reason, the site is divided into “A” and “B” sectors. Sector “A” includes lakes in the Khurkh River valley, such as Binder, Duut, Khulst, Bayan and Bayan Burd, while Sector “B” includes lakes along the Khuiten River, such as Ikh Burd, Ulaan Toirom, Khulst, Tsagaan, Ulaan-Undur and Khuh. There are reed beds and willow groves in both sectors. The site is principally used for livestock grazing and hay making, with many small-scale farms growing wheat, barley and oats. The site also has potential for ecotourism development. Pressures on the site include unmanaged burning and expansion of agricultural areas, leading to soil erosion and degradation. These impacts are being compounded by the fact that the area is becoming drier, leading to changes in the vegetation.

Key Biodiversity Globally Threatened species occurring at the site comprise Swan Goose Anser cygnoides (EN), Lesser White-fronted Goose A. erythropus (VU), Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca (VU), Siberian Crane Grus leucogeranus (CR), White-naped Crane G. vipio (VU), Hooded Crane G. monacha (VU), Red-crowned Crane G. japonensis (EN), Saker Falcon Falco cherrug (EN) and Great Bustard Otis tarda (VU). The site also supports at least 1% of the flyway populations of Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus, Swan Goose Anser cygnoides, Bean Goose A. fabalis, Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea, White-naped Crane Grus vipio, Demoiselle Crane Anthropoides virgo, Common Crane Grus grus, Northern Lapwing Vanellus vanellus, Black Stork Ciconia nigra and Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus.

Non-bird biodiversity: Mammal species seen commonly at the site include Red Fox Vulpes vulpes, Corsac Fox V. corsac, Grey Wolf Canis lupus, Siberian Marmot Marmota sibirica (EN) and Daurian Hedgehog Mesechinus dauuricus.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Swan Goose Anser cygnoid breeding  2004  present  A1, A4i  Vulnerable 
Lesser White-fronted Goose Anser erythropus passage  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Bean Goose Anser fabalis 2004  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus 2009  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea 2004  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus 2004  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Black Stork Ciconia nigra 2009  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Saker Falcon Falco cherrug 2009  present  A1  Endangered 
Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca breeding  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Great Bustard Otis tarda breeding  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Siberian Crane Leucogeranus leucogeranus non-breeding  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Red-crowned Crane Grus japonensis breeding  2004  present  A1  Endangered 
White-naped Crane Antigone vipio breeding  2004  present  A1, A4i  Vulnerable 
Demoiselle Crane Anthropoides virgo 2004  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Common Crane Grus grus 2004  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Hooded Crane Grus monacha breeding  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Northern Lapwing Vanellus vanellus 2004  present  A4i  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Lakes in the Khurkh-Khuiten river valley Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 42,940 is identical to site 42,940  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland)   -
Grassland Steppe  -
Artificial - terrestrial   -

Protection status Unprotected

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Valleys of Khurkh-Khuiten Rivers. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/12/2014

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