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Location Mongolia, Khovsgol
Central coordinates 99o 56.00' East  49o 56.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3, A4i
Area 2,400 ha
Altitude 1,544 - 1,850m
Year of IBA assessment 2009





Site description Erkhel Lake is a saline lake surrounded by grassy steppe in Alag-Erdene soum. Freshwater springs feed the lake on the northwestern side, and the bay and islands in this area are favoured by waterbirds. There is no cultivation in the area, and the land is used for nomadic animal husbandry. Salt and soda from the lake are used as mineral additives for local livestock. Consecutive outbreaks of avian influenza were reported from the site in 2005 and 2006.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea 2004  present [units unknown]  A4i  Least Concern 
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni 2004  present [units unknown]  A1  Least Concern 
Saker Falcon Falco cherrug 2009  present [units unknown]  A1  Endangered 
Great Bustard Otis tarda 2004  present [units unknown]  A1, A3  Vulnerable 
Herring Gull Larus argentatus 2009  present [units unknown]  A4i  Least Concern 

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland)   -
Grassland Steppe  -

Other biodiversity The site is not known to be important for other fauna and flora.

Protection status Unprotected

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Erkhel Lake. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/04/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife