|Central coordinates||97o 30.00' East 47o 40.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A3, A4i|
|Altitude||2,140 - 3,905m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2009|
Site description Otgontenger Mountain is the highest peak in the Khangai mountain range, and is worshiped by local people. Habitats include steppe, arid steppe, forest steppe, broadleaf and coniferous forest with rich understorey, rocky slopes and ravines, and alpine tundra and peat lands near mountain peaks. The Shurgiin, Bogdin and Yaruugiin Rivers rise on the Otgontenger Mountain. Livestock are grazed in surrounding areas. There are medicinal hot springs in the area, which attract many people.
Key Biodiversity Globally Threatened species include White-throated Bushchat Saxicola insignis (VU). The site supports assemblages of species restricted to the Eurasian steppe and desert, Eurasian high montane biomes and boreal forest (taiga) biomes. The site also supports Mongolian Accentor Prunella koslowi, whose breeding range defines the Mongolian Mountains Secondary Area. Bar-headed Geese Anser indicus breed, moult and occur in high numbers during migration. Mallard Anas platyrhynchos and Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula also congregate in large numbers. Populations of all three species reach at least 1% of their flyway populations.
Non-bird biodiversity: Rare species of mammal include Argali Ovis ammon (NT), Siberian Ibex Capra sibirica, Snow Leopard Uncia uncia (EN) and Siberian Marmot Marmota sibirica (EN).
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Bar-headed Goose Anser indicus||-||2004||present||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Mallard Anas platyrhynchos||-||2009||present||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula||-||2009||present||-||A3, A4i||Least Concern|
|White-throated Bushchat Saxicola insignis||breeding||2004||present||-||A1, A3||Vulnerable|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Otgontenger||Strict Protected Area||95,510||is identical to site||95,500|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
Protection status Partially protected by Otgontenger Strictly Protected Area
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Otgontenger Mountain. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 01/12/2015
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