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Location Mongolia, Zavkhan
Central coordinates 97o 30.00' East  47o 40.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3, A4i
Area 95,500 ha
Altitude 2,140 - 3,905m
Year of IBA assessment 2009

Site description Otgontenger Mountain is the highest peak in the Khangai mountain range, and is worshiped by local people. Habitats include steppe, arid steppe, forest steppe, broadleaf and coniferous forest with rich understorey, rocky slopes and ravines, and alpine tundra and peat lands near mountain peaks. The Shurgiin, Bogdin and Yaruugiin Rivers rise on the Otgontenger Mountain. Livestock are grazed in surrounding areas. There are medicinal hot springs in the area, which attract many people.

Key Biodiversity Globally Threatened species include White-throated Bushchat Saxicola insignis (VU). The site supports assemblages of species restricted to the Eurasian steppe and desert, Eurasian high montane biomes and boreal forest (taiga) biomes. The site also supports Mongolian Accentor Prunella koslowi, whose breeding range defines the Mongolian Mountains Secondary Area. Bar-headed Geese Anser indicus breed, moult and occur in high numbers during migration. Mallard Anas platyrhynchos and Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula also congregate in large numbers. Populations of all three species reach at least 1% of their flyway populations.

Non-bird biodiversity: Rare species of mammal include Argali Ovis ammon (NT), Siberian Ibex Capra sibirica, Snow Leopard Uncia uncia (EN) and Siberian Marmot Marmota sibirica (EN).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Bar-headed Goose Anser indicus 2004  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos 2009  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula 2009  present  A3, A4i  Least Concern 
White-throated Bushchat Saxicola insignis breeding  2004  present  A1, A3  Vulnerable 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Otgontenger Strict Protected Area 95,510 is identical to site 95,500  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland)   -
Grassland   -

Protection status Partially protected by Otgontenger Strictly Protected Area

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Otgontenger Mountain. Downloaded from on 24/10/2016

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