|Central coordinates||93o 40.00' East 48o 13.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A3, A4i|
|Altitude||1,132 - 1,249m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2009|
Site description Khomiin Tal is a plain, surrounded by Khar and Durgun Lakes in the west, Zawkhan River and Teeliin River in the east and north, and by the great sand dunes of Mongol Els in the south. In the southern part of the site, there is the small Baga Lake, which is an important site for many breeding and migrating birds. At the centre of Khomiin Tal, desert and steppe vegetation dominates. However, there are reed beds along the shores of Khar and Durgun Lakes. In the northern part of the plain, along the Zavkhan River valley, there are wet grasslands and some reed beds. The extent of sand dunes is increasing in the area. Human habitation and livestock grazing are limited due to the harsh conditions, and past attempts at irrigated agriculture have failed. There has, however, been a small increase in people and livestock, and this is leading to degradation of pastures, destruction of nests along the lake shores, poaching and human disturbance. The IBA overlaps with Khar Us Lake National Park Ramsar Site.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea||-||2004||present||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Common Shelduck Tadorna tadorna||-||2004||present||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus||breeding||2004||present||-||A1, A4i||Vulnerable|
|Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni||breeding||2004||present||-||A1||Least Concern|
|Pallas's Fish-eagle Haliaeetus leucoryphus||breeding||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Relict Gull Larus relictus||breeding||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Har Us Nuur||National Conservation Park||850,272||protected area overlaps with site||0|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
Other biodiversity Mongolian Gazelle Procapra gutturosa and Przewalski’s Wild Horse Equus przewalskii (CR) have been successfully introduced into the northern part of the site. Recently, a few herds of Saiga Saiga tatarica (CR) have been recorded.
Protection status Partially protected by Khar Us Lake National Park
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Khomiin Tal. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/10/2014
To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife