|Central coordinates||92o 24.00' East 47o 56.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A3|
|Altitude||1,219 - 3,796m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2009|
Site description Jargalant Khairkhan Mountain is an isolated extension of the Mongol Altai mountain range. Located in the middle of Khar Us Lake Depression, the diversity of habitats and wildlife at the site is rich in many ways. Habitats vary from high-mountain tundra, alpine meadows and high-mountain steppe to arid steppe. There is year-round grazing of domestic livestock, which is leading to degradation of the pastures and competition with the rare wild ungulates that occur there.
Key Biodiversity The site supports two Globally Threatened species, Saker Falcon Falco cherrug (EN) and White-throated Bushchat Saxicola insignis (VU), as well as the Near Threatened Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus (NT). The site also supports species typical of the Eurasian steppe and desert and Eurasian high montane biomes, such as Altai Snowcock Tetraogallus altaicus. Finally, the site supports Mongolian Accentor Prunella koslowi, whose breeding range defi nes the Mongolian Mountains Secondary Area.
Non-bird biodiversity: Rare mammals found on the mountain include Argali Ovis ammon (NT), Siberian Ibex Capra sibirica and Snow Leopard Uncia uncia (EN). Goitered Gazelle Gazella subgutturosa (VU) occurs in the foothills, and Siberian Marmot Marmota sibirica (EN) occurs in the middle and lower part of the foothills. Rare plants, like Altai Onion Allium altaicum and Roseroot Rhodiola rosea, can also be found at the site.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Altai Snowcock Tetraogallus altaicus||-||2009||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Saker Falcon Falco cherrug||-||2009||present||-||A1||Endangered|
|Pallas's Fish-eagle Haliaeetus leucoryphus||breeding||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|White-throated Bushchat Saxicola insignis||breeding||2004||present||-||A1, A3||Vulnerable|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Har Us Nuur||National Conservation Park||850,272||protected area overlaps with site||15,600|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
Protection status Partially protected by Khar Us Lake National Park
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Jargalant Khairkhan Mountain. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 25/08/2016
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