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Location Mongolia, Khovd
Central coordinates 92o 24.00' East  47o 56.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3
Area 15,600 ha
Altitude 1,219 - 3,796m
Year of IBA assessment 2009

Site description Jargalant Khairkhan Mountain is an isolated extension of the Mongol Altai mountain range. Located in the middle of Khar Us Lake Depression, the diversity of habitats and wildlife at the site is rich in many ways. Habitats vary from high-mountain tundra, alpine meadows and high-mountain steppe to arid steppe. There is year-round grazing of domestic livestock, which is leading to degradation of the pastures and competition with the rare wild ungulates that occur there.

Key Biodiversity The site supports two Globally Threatened species, Saker Falcon Falco cherrug (EN) and White-throated Bushchat Saxicola insignis (VU), as well as the Near Threatened Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus (NT). The site also supports species typical of the Eurasian steppe and desert and Eurasian high montane biomes, such as Altai Snowcock Tetraogallus altaicus. Finally, the site supports Mongolian Accentor Prunella koslowi, whose breeding range defi nes the Mongolian Mountains Secondary Area.

Non-bird biodiversity: Rare mammals found on the mountain include Argali Ovis ammon (NT), Siberian Ibex Capra sibirica and Snow Leopard Uncia uncia (EN). Goitered Gazelle Gazella subgutturosa (VU) occurs in the foothills, and Siberian Marmot Marmota sibirica (EN) occurs in the middle and lower part of the foothills. Rare plants, like Altai Onion Allium altaicum and Roseroot Rhodiola rosea, can also be found at the site.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Altai Snowcock Tetraogallus altaicus 2009  present  A3  Least Concern 
Saker Falcon Falco cherrug 2009  present  A1  Endangered 
Pallas's Fish-eagle Haliaeetus leucoryphus breeding  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
White-throated Bushchat Saxicola insignis breeding  2004  present  A1, A3  Vulnerable 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Har Us Nuur National Conservation Park 850,272 protected area overlaps with site 15,600  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland   -
Rocky areas   -

Protection status Partially protected by Khar Us Lake National Park

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Jargalant Khairkhan Mountain. Downloaded from on 25/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife