|Central coordinates||93o 5.00' East 48o 10.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A3, A4i|
|Altitude||1,132 - 1,254m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2007|
Ornithological information Khar Lake regularly supports the following Globally Threatened species: Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus (VU); White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala (EN); Swan Goose Anser cygnoides (EN); and Pallas's Fish-eagle Haliaeetus leucoryphus (VU). The lake regularly supports at least 1% of the flyway populations of Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus, Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus, Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo, Whiteheaded Duck Oxyura leucocephala, Greylag Goose Anser anser, Bar-headed Goose A. indicus, Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea, Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula, Common Merganser Mergus merganser, Common Crane Grus grus, Northern Lapwing Vanellus vanellus and Caspian Tern Sterna caspia.
Site description Khar Lake is a freshwater lake, located at the boundary of Khovd and Zawkhan aimags, in the Great Lakes Depression. The Chono Kharah River flows into the lake. Khar Lake drains into the Zawkhan River via the Tatakhan-Teel River, and it is connected to Durgun Lake through the Khom Channel and Nogoon Lake. There are marshes and reed beds around the Shuwuun Aral peninsula. The lake is frozen from November until April. The lake is surrounded by semi-desert vegetation. Livestock grazing is the main land use at the site, with some hay meadows, and a commercial Potanin’s Osman Oreoleuciscus potanini fishery. Commercial fishing is unregulated and fi sh stocks are not well assessed. There are also concerns about the growth of poisonous algae in the lake and an introduced fish species. The IBA overlaps with Khar Us Lake National Park Ramsar Site.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Swan Goose Anser cygnoides||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Greylag Goose Anser anser||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Bar-headed Goose Anser indicus||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A3, A4i||Least Concern|
|Common Merganser Mergus merganser||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A1, A4i||Endangered|
|Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A1, A4i||Vulnerable|
|Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Pallas's Fish-eagle Haliaeetus leucoryphus||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Common Crane Grus grus||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A3, A4i||Least Concern|
|Northern Lapwing Vanellus vanellus||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Caspian Tern Sterna caspia||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Har Us Nuur||National Conservation Park||850,272||protected area contains site||0|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
Other biodiversity Two nationally threatened fish species, Lake Osman Oreoleuciscus angusticephalus and Mongolian Grayling Thymallus revirostris, inhabit the lake. A small group of young saxaul trees is found in southwest of the area. This is the northernmost location of this plant species.
Protection status Fully protected by Khar Us Lake National Park
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2013) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Khar Lake. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 24/05/2013
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