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Location Mongolia, Khovd
Central coordinates 93o 5.00' East  48o 10.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i
Area 25,200 ha
Altitude 1,132 - 1,254m
Year of IBA assessment 2009





Site description Khar Lake is a freshwater lake, located at the boundary of Khovd and Zawkhan aimags, in the Great Lakes Depression. The Chono Kharah River flows into the lake. Khar Lake drains into the Zawkhan River via the Tatakhan-Teel River, and it is connected to Durgun Lake through the Khom Channel and Nogoon Lake. There are marshes and reed beds around the Shuwuun Aral peninsula. The lake is frozen from November until April. The lake is surrounded by semi-desert vegetation. Livestock grazing is the main land use at the site, with some hay meadows, and a commercial Potanin’s Osman Oreoleuciscus potanini fishery. Commercial fishing is unregulated and fi sh stocks are not well assessed. There are also concerns about the growth of poisonous algae in the lake and an introduced fish species. The IBA overlaps with Khar Us Lake National Park Ramsar Site.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Swan Goose Anser cygnoid breeding  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Greylag Goose Anser anser 2004  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Bar-headed Goose Anser indicus 2004  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea 2004  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula 2004  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Goosander Mergus merganser 2004  present  A4i  Least Concern 
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala breeding  2004  present  A1, A4i  Endangered 
Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus 2004  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus breeding  2004  present  A1, A4i  Vulnerable 
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo 2004  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Pallas's Fish-eagle Haliaeetus leucoryphus breeding  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Common Crane Grus grus 2004  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Northern Lapwing Vanellus vanellus 2004  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Caspian Tern Hydroprogne caspia 2004  present  A4i  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Har Us Nuur National Conservation Park 850,272 protected area contains site 0  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland)   -

Other biodiversity Two nationally threatened fish species, Lake Osman Oreoleuciscus angusticephalus and Mongolian Grayling Thymallus revirostris, inhabit the lake. A small group of young saxaul trees is found in southwest of the area. This is the northernmost location of this plant species.

Protection status Fully protected by Khar Us Lake National Park

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Khar Lake. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 01/08/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife