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Location Russia (European), Leningrad region
Central coordinates 28o 4.17' East  59o 45.38' North
IBA criteria A4i, A4iii, B1i
Area 6,855 ha
Altitude 1 - 10m
Year of IBA assessment 2007

Site description Shallow waters of the Baltic sea around Kurgalsy peninsula.

Key Biodiversity Hundreds of thousends of geese, 1,200,000 ducks, 100,000 waders and 1,000,000 gulls stop over during spring and autumn migration.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Bean Goose Anser fabalis passage  1998  10,000 individuals  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Barnacle Goose Branta leucopsis passage  1998  3,500-4,000 individuals  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Long-tailed Duck Clangula hyemalis passage  1998  70,000-75,000 individuals  A4i, B1i  Vulnerable 
Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula passage  1998  5,000-8,000 individuals  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Goosander Mergus merganser passage  1998  20,000-30,000 individuals  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus passage  1993  1,000-2,000 individuals  B1i  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds passage  1998  100,000-499,999 individuals  unknown  A4iii   

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Berezovye Islands, Gulf of Finland Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 12,000 protected area contains site 6,855  
Kurgalski Peninsula Baltic Sea Protected Area (Helcom) 50,513 protected area contains site 6,855  
Kurgalsky Peninsula Zakaznik 31,818 protected area overlaps with site 5,032  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Mixed woodland; Native coniferous woodland  21%
Grassland Humid grasslands  15%
Coastline Lagoons; Mud flats & sand flats  10%
Sea Sea inlets and coastal features  55%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
fisheries/aquaculture 55%
forestry 5%
military 48%
not utilised 4%

Acknowledgements The identification of IBAs and information collected between 1980 and 2009 provided by the IBA network of the Russian Bird Conservation Union (RBCU).

References Yu.N.Bublichenko, G.A.Noskov, V.A.Buzun

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Kurgalski Peninsula. Downloaded from on 28/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife