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Location Malaysia, Pulau Pinang
Central coordinates 100o 26.00' East  5o 31.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i
Area 7,200 ha
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Malaysian Nature Society

Summary Located in Seberang Perai (northern part) in the state of Pulau Pinang. The area consist of a stretch of coastal tidal mudflats and mangroves. The area is currently not protected.

Site description The Penaga-Kuala Muda area consists of a stretch coastal tidal mudflats and mangroves located north of mainland Pulau Pinang. Rice cultivation, coconut groves, fruit orchards dominate the landscape further inland. Other agriculture-related activities include medium-scale cattle rearing and aquaculture. Fishing villages dot the coastal stretch.

Key Biodiversity 61 species indentified. Important are for waterbirds especially shorebirds and egrets. The rural-like environment also supports several Biome-restricted species.Near-threatened species Far Eastern Curlew Numenius madagascariensis, Asian Dowitcher (Yeap et al., 2003)Over 500 Forest Wagtail Dendronanthus indicus and over 3,000 Yellow Wagtail Motacilla flava roost at this site.1% world population of Chinese Pond-Heron

Non-bird biodiversity: (I) Globally threatened mammals (IUCN, 2002): NEAR THREATENED: Long-tailed Macaque Macaca fascicularisSilver leaf monkey(II) Globally threatened reptiles (IUCN, 2002): No information.(III) Globally threatened plants (IUCN, 2002): No information.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Chinese Pond-heron Ardeola bacchus unknown  2004  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Spotted Greenshank Tringa guttifer winter  2004  present  A1  Endangered 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland)   -
Artificial - terrestrial   -

Protection status The area has no protection as most of it is currently privately and State owned.

References Kanda Kumar. No date. Penaga-Kuala Muda Birdlist. (Unpublished).Yeap, C.A., Sebastian, A. and Siti Hawa Yatim (compilers) 2003. The Asian Waterbird Census 2003 Country Report (Malaysia). Kuala Lumpur: Malaysian Nature Society.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Teluk Air Tawar-Kuala Muda coast. Downloaded from on 23/10/2016

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