|Location||Malaysia, Pulau Pinang|
|Central coordinates||100o 26.00' East 5o 31.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A4i|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Summary Located in Seberang Perai (northern part) in the state of Pulau Pinang. The area consist of a stretch of coastal tidal mudflats and mangroves. The area is currently not protected.
Site description The Penaga-Kuala Muda area consists of a stretch coastal tidal mudflats and mangroves located north of mainland Pulau Pinang. Rice cultivation, coconut groves, fruit orchards dominate the landscape further inland. Other agriculture-related activities include medium-scale cattle rearing and aquaculture. Fishing villages dot the coastal stretch.
Key Biodiversity 61 species indentified. Important are for waterbirds especially shorebirds and egrets. The rural-like environment also supports several Biome-restricted species.Near-threatened species Far Eastern Curlew Numenius madagascariensis, Asian Dowitcher (Yeap et al., 2003)Over 500 Forest Wagtail Dendronanthus indicus and over 3,000 Yellow Wagtail Motacilla flava roost at this site.1% world population of Chinese Pond-Heron
Non-bird biodiversity: (I) Globally threatened mammals (IUCN, 2002): NEAR THREATENED: Long-tailed Macaque Macaca fascicularisSilver leaf monkey(II) Globally threatened reptiles (IUCN, 2002): No information.(III) Globally threatened plants (IUCN, 2002): No information.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus||resident||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Chinese Pond-heron Ardeola bacchus||unknown||2004||present||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Spotted Greenshank Tringa guttifer||winter||2004||present||-||A1||Endangered|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Artificial - terrestrial||-|
Protection status The area has no protection as most of it is currently privately and State owned.
References Kanda Kumar. No date. Penaga-Kuala Muda Birdlist. (Unpublished).Yeap, C.A., Sebastian, A. and Siti Hawa Yatim (compilers) 2003. The Asian Waterbird Census 2003 Country Report (Malaysia). Kuala Lumpur: Malaysian Nature Society.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Teluk Air Tawar-Kuala Muda coast. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/11/2015
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