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Location Malaysia, Johor
Central coordinates 103o 54.00' East  1o 50.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3
Area 10,879 ha
Altitude 76 - 654m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Malaysian Nature Society

Summary Located in the Kota Tinggi in Johor, the southern part of Peninsular Malaysia. It is located at the headwaters of three rivers and four hills and mountains can be found within the area.

Site description Panti Forest Reserve is located at the headwaters of Sungai Johor, Linggiu and Ulu Sedili in southern Johor State (Putz, 1978). The habitat is mainly lowland dipterocarp forest with hill forest located on two peaks of over 600 m, Gunung Muntahak (634 m) and Gunung Sumalayang (615 m). Montane ericaceous forest is found on the western summit of Gunung Panti (654 m), the highest point in the reserve. Montane ericaceous forest can be found on the summit of Gunung Panti Barat. Peat swamps can be found in the low˜lying areas and the rivers frequently overflow during the months of November to February. The reserve has been logged since the early 1970s but has since ceased. Primary habitats that remain are now confined to the foothills of the mountains. Despite its conditions, over 250 bird species have been recorded several Sunda endemics and globally threatened species (Lim, 1995).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Lophura erythrophthalma resident  2004  present  A1  Not Recognised 
Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Storm's Stork Ciconia stormi resident  2004  present  A1  Endangered 
Wallace's Hawk-eagle Nisaetus nanus resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Short-toed Coucal Centropus rectunguis resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Straw-headed Bulbul Pycnonotus zeylanicus resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Brown-chested Jungle-flycatcher Rhinomyias brunneatus winter  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Panti Forest Reserve 15,679 unknown 0  
Panti Virgin Jungle Reserve 419 unknown 0  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -

Protection status Panti was gazetted in 1929 as a Forest Reserve. The Panti VJR is listed as an IUCN Category Ia protected area.

References Anon. (compiler). 1988. Johor Bird Report. Singapore Avifauna 2(6): 19.Anon. (compiler). 1989. Johor Bird Report. Singapore Avifauna 3(6): 11-13.Anon. (compiler). 1990a. Johor Bird Report. Singapore Avifauna 4(3): 14-15.Anon. (compiler). 1990b. Johor Bird Report. Singapore Avifauna 4(4): 22-24.Anon. (compiler). 1990c. Across the Causeway. Singapore Avifauna 4(5): 8-9.Burgess, P. 1987. Across the Causeway: Gunung Panti, 5th December 1987. Singapore Avifauna 1(12): 22.Chia, A. 1998. Notes on the Sighting of a Storm's Stork at Bunker Trail. Singapore Avifauna 11(3): 28-29.Edwards, P. 1999. Recent Bird Observations from Panti Forest, Johor. Suara Enggang 6: 36-42.IUCN. 2002. 2002 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. (23 June 2003).Lim, K.C. 1995. Wake up to a dawn chorus. Nature Watch 3(4): 17-20.Lim, K.S. 1988. Enchanting Eupetes - notes on the display of a Malaysian Rail-babbler. Singapore Avifauna 2(5): 25-27.Lim, K.S. 1996. Conservation Proposal for Panti Forest Reserve. (Unpublished).Lim, K.S. (compiler). 1992. Jan-Mar 1992 Bird Report. Singapore Avifauna 6(1): 1-23.Lim, K.S. (compiler). 1998. Bird Report for July-September 1997. Singapore Avifauna 11(3): 3-20.Lim, K.S. (compiler). 1998b. Bird Report for October-December 1997. Singapore Avifauna 11(4): 2-20.Lim, K.S. (compiler). 1998c. Bird Report for Jan-Mar 1998. Singapore Avifauna 12(1): 2-22.Lim, K.C. (compiler). 2000a. Bird Report (Jan-Mar 2000). Singapore Avifauna 14(1): 2-22.Lim, K.C. (compiler). 2000b. Bird Report (Apr-Jun 2000). Singapore Avifauna 14(2): 2-21. Lim, K.S. 1987a. Across the Causeway: Johor. Singapore Avifauna 1(2): 8-9.Lim, K.S. 1987b. September 5: Panti Quarry Forest Trail, Johor. Singapore Avifauna 1(9): 15-16.Lim, K.S. 1994. Panti Forest Reserve, Johor, Malaysia. OBC Bulletin 20: 35-38.Jeyarajasingam, A., Noramly, G. and Ooi, C.H. (eds.). 1997. Recent Sightings. Suara Enggang 4: 6-9.Jeyarajasingam, A., Noramly, G. and Ooi, C.H. (eds.). 2000b. Recent Sightings. Suara Enggang 2: 31-42.Putz, F.E. 1978. A Survey of Virgin Jungle Reserves in Peninsular Malaysia (Research Pamphlet No. 73). Kuala Lumpur: Forestry Department. Robson, C. (compiler). 1995. From the field. OBC Bulletin 21: 72.Robson, C. (compiler). 1997. From the Field. OBC Bulletin 25: 67.Robson, C. (compiler). 1996. From the Field. OBC Bulletin 23: 49-53.Strange, M. 1990a. Exploring the "Bunker Trail" in Johore, Malaysia. Singapore Avifauna 4(5): 29-30.Subharaj, R. 1987. Across the Causeway: Johor. Singapore Avifauna 1(3): 11.Subharaj, R. 1989. Across the Causeway: Panti Forest Track - A Good Morning's Birding. Singapore Avifauna 3(1): 26-27.Wells, D.R. (compiler). 1972. Bird Report: 1969. Malayan Nature Journal 25: 43-61.Yeo, S. 2000. Panti Forest Bunker Track, 9 April 2000. Singapore Avifauna 14(2): 31-32.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Panti forest. Downloaded from on 27/10/2016

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