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Location Malaysia, Selangor
Central coordinates 101o 15.00' East  3o 20.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i
Area 28,000 ha
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Malaysian Nature Society

Summary Stretched over 3 districts in the state of Selangor, the area is covered with mudflats and sandflats.It also covers several key islands. The mangrove forest along the coastal stretch are gazetted meanwhile the remaining areas are state lands.

Site description (I) Physical CharacteristicsThe North-Central Selangor is a coastal stretch of predominantly mangrove forest, which is inundated at high tide. It is dissected by several important rivers namely Sungai Klang, Sungai Selangor and other smaller tributaries. Avicennia alba, Sonneratia alba and Rhizophora apiculata are principal vegetation of the mangroves. The area contains one of the most important mangrove forests in the State of Selangor. The area is represented by three discontinuous stretch of mangrove forests namely;1.Tanjung Burung Mangrove Forest;2.Sekinchan, Banjar North and South Mangrove Forests; and3.Kapar Mangrove Forest.(II) Climatic ConditionsAverage annual rainfall is less than 2,000 mm and a mean annual temperature of 26.6oC. The wettest months are april and October-December, the driest, January-February and July. Experiences both the north-east and south-west monsoons, although the latter is mitigated by the mountains of Sumatra. (Scott, 1989)

Key Biodiversity The mangrove belt of the north Selangor coast is highly productive and has significant social and economic importance. Thousands of shorebirds utilize the extensive mudflats during low tide for feeding. Some 39,000 birds were counted in a 1985/86 survey along the coast. Asian Dowitchers, Lesser Adjutants and Milky Storks have also been noted frequenting the coastline. Consequently, the habitat is an important staging and feeding site for shorebirds internationally and locally (Scott 1989; Lopez and Mundkur 1997); Mundkur et al 1996; Silvius et al 1986). Monitoring of the coastline by the conservation groups and the Department of Wildlife and National Parks (Peninsular Malaysia) has been periodical in nature (Siti Hawa Yatim and Ismail Hj. Mamat 1994).The North-Central Selangor Mangrove Forests are important especially to waterbirds and certain globally threatened species particularly the Lesser Adjutants and Milky Storks. Spotted Greenshanks have been recorded and Spoon-billed Sandpipers have irregularly appeared along the coast. As an IBA site, it is classified under the A1 Globally Threatened Species and A4i Congregations categories.

Non-bird biodiversity: Silvered Leaf Monkey (Presbytis cristatus(I) Globally threatened mammals (IUCN, 2002): VULNERABLE: Smooth Otter Lutrogale perspicillata; NEAR THREATENED: Long-tailed Macaque Macaca fascicularis; DATA DEFICIENT: Indo-Pacific Humpback Dolphin Sousa chinensis

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Milky Stork Mycteria cinerea resident  2004  present  A1  Endangered 
Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Chinese Egret Egretta eulophotes non-breeding  2004  present  A1, A4i  Vulnerable 
Masked Finfoot Heliopais personatus non-breeding  2004  present  A1  Endangered 
Lesser Sandplover Charadrius mongolus winter  2004  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Greater Sandplover Charadrius leschenaultii winter  2004  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Spoon-billed Sandpiper Calidris pygmaea winter  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Common Redshank Tringa totanus winter  2004  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa winter  2004  present  A4i  Near Threatened 
Bar-tailed Godwit Limosa lapponica winter  2004  present  A4i  Near Threatened 
Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus winter  2004  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata winter  2004  present  A4i  Near Threatened 
Common Greenshank Tringa nebularia winter  2004  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Spotted Greenshank Tringa guttifer winter  2004  present  A1, A4i  Endangered 
Terek Sandpiper Xenus cinereus winter  2004  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea winter  2004  present  A4i  Near Threatened 
Sterna nilotica unknown  2004  present  A4i  Not Recognised 
Lesser Crested Tern Thalasseus bengalensis winter  2004  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Common Tern Sterna hirundo unknown  2004  present  A4i  Least Concern 
White-winged Tern Chlidonias leucopterus winter  2004  present  A4i  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2013 high not assessed high

Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Natural system modifications other ecosystem modifications happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Pollution industrial & military effluents - type unknown/unrecorded happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Transportation and service corridors shipping lanes likely in long term (beyond 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species  Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity  high 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Banjar North FOR Forest Reserve 268 protected area contained by site 268  
Banjar South Forest Reserve 111 protected area contained by site 111  
Bukit Kuala Selangor Wildlife Reserve 44 protected area contained by site 44  
Kuala Selangor Nature Park 240 protected area contained by site 240  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -
Wetlands (inland)   -

Protection status Most of the mangrove forests are gazetted as Forest Reserves. The rest remains as State land. Some of the mangrove Forest Reserve may have been encroached upon and converted to other land use type (DWNP, 1987).

References DWNP. 1987. Malaysian Wetland Directory. Peninsular Malaysia: Department of Wildlife and National Parks.IUCN. 2002. 2002 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. (23 June 2003).Lane, B. 1991. Electric shorebirds. Asian Wetland News 4(2): 24.Lim, K.C. (compiler). 2003b. Recent Sightings. Suara Enggang 2 (March-April): 17-34.Lopez, A. and Mundkur, T. (eds.). 1997. The Asian Waterfowl Census 1994-1996. Results of the Coordinated Waterbird Census and an Overview of the Status of Wetlands in Asia. Kuala Lumpur: Wetlands International.Mundkur, T., Parish, F., Wells, D. and D'Cruz, R. 1996. Status and Conservation of Shorebirds and Wetland Habitats in Malaysia. In Wells, D.R. and Mundkur, T. (eds.). Conservation of Migratory Waterbirds and their Wetland Habitats in the East Asian-Australasian Flyway. Proceedings of an International Workshop, Kushiro, Japan. 28 Nov-3 Dec 1994, pp. 137-151. Kuala Lumpur: Wetlands International-Asia Pacific, Publication No. 116 and Tokyo: International Waterfowl and Wetlands Research Bureau-Japan Committee. Scott, D.A. 1989. A Directory of Asian Wetlands. Gland: IUCN.Sebastian, A.C., Hughes, R.N. and Hurrell, P.J. 1993. Integrating ash pond management with shorebird conservation, tourism, and education at Stesen Janaelektrik Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz, Kapar, Selangor Darul Ehsan. Restricted Circulation. Kuala Lumpur: Asian Wetland Bureau.Silvius, M.J., Chan, H.T. and Shamsudin Ibrahim. 1986. Evaluation of Wetlands of the West Coast of Peninsular Malaysia and Their Importance for Natural Resource Conservation. Project MYS 78/85. Joint Project of WWF Malaysia, Forest Research Institute of Malaysia, University of Malaya and Interwader, Kuala Lumpur.Siti Hawa Yatim and Ismail Hj. Mamat. 1994. A Review of the Four Years Mid-Winter Waterfowl Census in Peninsular Malaysia from 1990-1993. Journal of Wildlife and Parks 13: 27-39.Strange, M. 1990b. Kuala Selangor and Fraser's Hill Revisited. Singapore Avifauna 4(5): 38-40.Wells, D.R. (compiler). 1983. Bird Report: 1976 and 1977. Malayan Nature Journal 36: 197-218.Yang Chong. 2001. Sightings of the Spoon-billed Sandpiper (Eurynorhynchus pygmaeus) on two consecutive days in March 2001 at Tanjung Karang, Selangor. Suara Enggang 4: 9-12.Yeap, C.A., Sebastian, A. and Siti Hawa Yatim (compilers) 2003. The Asian Waterbird Census 2003 Country Report (Malaysia). Kuala Lumpur: Malaysian Nature Society.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: North-central Selangor coast. Downloaded from on 21/10/2016

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