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Location Malaysia, Perak
Central coordinates 100o 50.00' East  4o 37.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 184,355 ha
Altitude 60 - 1,862m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Malaysian Nature Society

Summary Situated at the northern part of Peninsular Malaysia in the state of Kedah, the range starts from the southern part of Thailand extending through the state of Kedah and some parts of the state of Perak. There are several rivers which form important waterways and there are a few forest reserves in the area.

Site description Bintang Hijau Forest Reserve lies within the northern end of the Banjaran Bintang. This range runs parellel with, but is not connected to, the Banjaran Titiwangsa, from which it is separated by the valley of Sungai Perak. Bintang Hijau Forest Reserve is an extensive area of hilly rainforest stretching from Gunung Bintang in the north and abutting Bukit Larut in the south. A chain of granite peaks form the backbone of the area, including Gunung Bintang (1,862 m asl), Gunung Inas (1,801 m asl) and Gunung Titiwangsa (1,726 m asl). The rivers of Bintang Hijau Forest Reserve feed into several important waterways. East-flowing streams drain into Sungai Perak, the major river system in the state while west-flowing streams feed Tasik Bukit Merah and Sungai Krian, the main sources of water for the Krian ricefields.

Key Biodiversity Bintang Hijau Forest Reserve is an important IBA candidate because of its extensive size, wide altitudinal coverage and relatively undisturbed state. The area provides sanctuary for the Sundaic lowland and montane forests bird assemblages, including the Mountain Peacock-pheasant. The area lies within the autumn migration route of several raptor species including Oriental Honey-Buzzard Pernis ptilorhynchus, Japanese Sparrowhawk Accipiter gularis and Chinese Sparrowhawk Accipiter soloensis.

Non-bird biodiversity: (I) Globally threatened mammals (IUCN, 2002): CRITICAL: Sumatran Rhinoceros Dicerorhinus sumatrensis, Malayan Roundleaf Horseshoe Bat Hipposideros nequam; ENDANGERED: Asian Elephant Elephas maximus, Tiger Panthera tigris, Malayan Tapir Tapirus indicus, South-east Asian White-toothed Shrew Crocidura fuliginosa; VULNERABLE: Clouded Leopard Neofelis nebulosa, Serow Capricornis sumatraensis, Pig-tailed Macaque Macaca nemestrina, Common Porcupine Hystrix brachyura; NEAR THREATENED: Banded Leaf-Monkey Presbytis melalophos, White-handed Gibbon Hylobates lar, Agile Gibbon H. agilis, Siamang Symphalangus syndactylus, Long-tailed Macaque M. fascicularis, Bronzed Tube-nosed Bat Murina aenea; DATA DEFICIENT: Malayan Sun Bear Helarctos malayanus(II) GLobally threatened reptiles (IUCN, 2002): No information.(III) Globally threatened plants (IUCN, 2002): CRITICAL: Parashorea lucida; VULNERABLE: Cynometra inaequifolia, Nepenthes macfarlanei; LOWER RISK/conservation dependent: Elaeocarpus glabrescens; NEAR THREATENED: Eugenia nitidula

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Mountain Peacock-pheasant Polyplectron inopinatum resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga winter  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Short-toed Coucal Centropus rectunguis resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Straw-headed Bulbul Pycnonotus zeylanicus resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Brown-chested Jungle-flycatcher Rhinomyias brunneatus winter  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Bintang Hijau Forest Reserve 29,648 protected area contained by site 29,648  
Bintang Hijau Virgin Jungle Reserve 696 protected area contained by site 696  
Bubu Forest Reserve 11,769 protected area contained by site 0  
Bubu Virgin Jungle Reserve 567 protected area contained by site 567  
Bukit Larut Forest Reserve 2,747 protected area contained by site 7,150  
Bukit Larut Virgin Jungle Reserve 2,747 protected area contained by site 2,747  
Gunung Inas Forest Reserve 37,346 protected area contained by site 37,346  
Gunung Inas Virgin Jungle Reserve 51 protected area contained by site 51  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -

Protection status Bintang Hijau Forest Reserve is a Permanent Forest Reserve gazetted under Gazette No. 960 in 1925. A Recreational Forest has been established by the Forestry Department at Lata Kekabu near Lenggong. Bintang Hijau VJR is an IUCN Category Ia protected area.

References DWNP. 1992. Inventori Hidupan Liar Hutan Simpan Bintang Hijau, Selama, Perak Darul Ridzuan. Peninsular Malaysia: Department of Wildlife & National Parks. (Unpublished)DWNP. 1993. Wildlife Inventory of Gunung Inas Forest Reserve and Bintang Hijau Forest Reserve in the States of Kedah and Perak. Peninsular Malaysia: Department of Wildlife & National Parks. (Unpublished)Fletcher, K. and Baylis, D. 1986. Ulu Selama, April 1986. Nature Malaysiana 11(2): 4-7.Fletcher, K. and Baylis, D. 1992. Expedition to the summit of Gunung Inas, September 1992. Nature Malaysiana 17(3): 77-82.IUCN. 2002. 2002 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. (23 June 2003).Lim, K.C. (compiler). 2003d. Recent Sightings. Suara Enggang 4 (July-August): 21-38.Lim, K.C. and Lim, S.Y. (compilers). 2001a. Bintang Hijau Forest Reserve Birdlist. (Unpublished).Medway, Lord and Wells, D.R. 1976. The Birds of the Malay Peninsula, Vol. 5. London: H.F. and G. Witherby in association with Kuala Lumpur: Penerbit Universiti Malaya.Robinson, H.C. 1928. The Birds of the Malay Peninsula, Vol II. London: H.F. & G. Witherby.Wells, D.R. 1999. The Birds of the Thai-Malay Peninsula, Volume 1. Non-passerines. UK: Academic Press.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Bintang Range. Downloaded from on 22/10/2016

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