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Location Indonesia, Maluku
Central coordinates 126o 39.66' East  6o 38.22' South
IBA criteria A4i, A4ii, A4iii
Area 74 ha
Altitude 0 - 290m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Burung Indonesia (Affiliate)

Site description Gunung Api Island is an active volcano which is separated from other islands in Kepulauan Barat Daya. There is no settlement in this area. This island uses as shelter by fisherman.

Key Biodiversity Although the number of bird is not aviable, but this area is one of the important area for Indonesian seabird breeding site. The bird species that live in this area are Bridled Tern Sterna anaethetus, Brown Booby Sula leucogaster, Red-tailed Tropicbird Phaeton rubricauda, Brown Noddy Anous stolidus, Great Frigatebird Fregata minor, Sooty Tern Sterna fuscata, Red-footed Booby Sula sula, Masked Booby Sula dactylatra (de Korte 1991).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Red-tailed Tropicbird Phaethon rubricauda breeding  1987  700-2,000 breeding pairs  A4ii  Least Concern 
Brown Booby Sula leucogaster breeding  1987  1,000-2,000 breeding pairs  A4ii  Least Concern 
Bridled Tern Onychoprion anaethetus breeding  1987  1,000-2,000 breeding pairs  A4i  Least Concern 
Brown Noddy Anous stolidus breeding  1987  4,000-12,000 breeding pairs  A4i  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - seabirds breeding  1987  7,800-20,000 breeding pairs  A4iii   

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Gunung Api Nature Reserve 80 is identical to site 80  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
urban/industrial/transport -

Protection status 80 ha of this area declare as Gunung Api Kisar Nature Reserve based on GB. 24 Stbl. 157 on 3 December 1937 (Anon 2000)

References Anon. 2000. Statistik Perlindungan dan Konservasi Alam. Departemen Kehutanan dan Perkebunan, Korte, J. 1991. Status and Conservation of Indonesia's Seabird Colonies. In Croxall, J.P. 1991. Seabird, Status and Conservation: A Supplement. International Council for Bird Preservation, Technical Publication No.11, Cambridge.Monk. K.A., de Fretes, Y. and Reksodiharjo-Lilley, G. 1997. The Ecology of Nusa Tenggara and Maluku. Periplus Edition, Singapura

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Pulau Gunung Api. Downloaded from on 24/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife