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Location Indonesia, Maluku
Central coordinates 130o 18.84' East  5o 32.82' South
IBA criteria A4i, A4ii, A4iii
Area 493 ha
Altitude 0 - 300m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Burung Indonesia (Affiliate)

Site description Ridges up to 300 m, steep shore and flat only on the northwestern part. The flat area alreday cleared since 1970 for garden to grow bananas, pineaples, coconuts and batatas by fisherman from Kepulauan Banda and Tayando whose come periodically. They catch fishes from Manuk island and use this island to dry the fishes to make salty fish which then they sell it in Ambon Naira (a town in Banda islands).

Key Biodiversity This island probably has the biggest seabides breeding site colonies in Banda Sea (MacKinnon & Artha 1981). This area supports Bridled Tern Sterna anaethetus, Brown Booby Sula leucogaster, White-tailed Tropicbird Phaeton lepturus, Red-tailed Tropicbird Phaeton rubricauda, Brown Noddy Anous stolidus, Great Frigatebird Fregata minor, Lesser Frigatebird Fregata ariel, Red-footed Booby Sula sula, Masked Booby Sula dactylatra (de Korte 1991). The restricted-range bird Pink-headed Imperial Pigeon Ducula rosacea also lives in this area (White & Bruce 1986, de Korte 1991).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Red-tailed Tropicbird Phaethon rubricauda breeding  2004  present  A4ii  Least Concern 
White-tailed Tropicbird Phaethon lepturus unknown  2004  present  A4ii  Least Concern 
Great Frigatebird Fregata minor breeding  2004  present  A4ii  Least Concern 
Lesser Frigatebird Fregata ariel resident  2004  present  A4ii  Least Concern 
Sula dactylatra non-breeding  2004  present  A4ii  Not Recognised 
Red-footed Booby Sula sula breeding  2004  present  A4ii  Least Concern 
Brown Booby Sula leucogaster breeding  2004  present  A4ii  Least Concern 
Bridled Tern Onychoprion anaethetus unknown  2004  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Brown Noddy Anous stolidus breeding  2004  present  A4i  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - seabirds breeding  2004  min 10,000 breeding pairs  A4iii   

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Pulau Manuk Wildlife Reserve 100 protected area contained by site 100  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland   -
Artificial - terrestrial   -

Protection status 100 ha of this area is declared as Wildlife Sanctuary based on SK MENTAN No.444/Kpts/Um/5/1981 on 25 May 1981 .

References de Korte, J. 1991. Status and Conservation of Indonesia's Seabird Colonies. In Croxall, J.P. 1991. Seabird, Status and Conservation: A Supplement. International Council for Bird Preservation, Technical Publication No.11, Cambridge.MacKinnon, J & Artha, M.B. 1981. A National Conservation Plan For Indonesia vol VII: Maluku & Irian Jaya. UNDP/FAO National Parks Development Project, Bogor.White, C.M.N & Bruce, M.D. 1986. The Bird of Wallacea (Sulawesi, The Molucas and Sunda Island) an Annotated Check-list. British Ornithologist Union, London.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Pulau Manuk. Downloaded from on 23/10/2016

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