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Location Indonesia, Maluku
Central coordinates 127o 55.26' East  2o 58.80' South
IBA criteria A1
Area 13,616 ha
Altitude 0 - 600m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Burung Indonesia (Affiliate)

Site description Western part of this area is steep mountain covered by forest with rocky clift, while the eastern part is flat. There are two villages on the east coast. Local people very dependents on natural resources, terrestrial or marine (Moelliker & Heij 1995). Most of the people in Boano Island work as farmer, fisherman and working in melaleuca oil distillation.

Key Biodiversity Black-chinned Monarch Monarcha boanensis as Boano endemic has very small population (Moelliker &Heij 1996, BirdLife International 2001). This area is also a nesting ground for Moluccan Scrubfowl Eulipoa wallacei (BirdLife International 2001)

Non-bird biodiversity: Cervus timorensis moluccensis and Hydrosaurus amboinensis (Hitipeuw & Tuhumury 1999 Obs.pri.). Dugong dugon, Chelonia mydas, Eretmochelys imbricata (Monk

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Moluccan Scrubfowl Eulipoa wallacei resident  2004  present  medium  A1  Vulnerable 
Black-chinned Monarch Monarcha boanensis resident  2004  present  good  A1  Critically Endangered 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -
Shrubland   -
Wetlands (inland)   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
forestry -

Protection status The southern coastal and marine area of Boano Island have been proposed as a Nature Reserve (4435 ha) by PKA (1994, 1997).

Further web sources of information 

Alliance for Zero Extinction (AZE) species/site profile. This site has been identified as an AZE due to it containing a Critically Endangered or Endangered species with a limited range.

References BirdLife International. 2001. Threatened bird of Asia: BirdLife International Red Data Book. Cambridge, U.K: BirdLife International.Moeliker C.W. & Heij, C.J. 1995. The rediscovery of Monarcha boanensis (Aves: Monarchidae) from Boano Island, Maluku, Indonesia.Moeliker C.W. & Heij, C.J. 1996. Black-chinned Monarch Monarcha boanensis on Boano Islands. Oriental Bird Club Bull. 24: 48-52.Monk. K.A., de Fretes, Y. and Reksodiharjo-Lilley, G. 1997. The Ecology of Nusa Tenggara and Maluku. Periplus Edition, Singapura

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Pulau Buano. Downloaded from on 25/10/2016

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