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Location Indonesia, Maluku
Central coordinates 126o 10.98' East  3o 17.64' South
IBA criteria A1
Area 133,317 ha
Altitude 100 - 2,735m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Burung Indonesia (Affiliate)

Site description Mountainous and steep area (RePPProt 1988) flat ground only on the northern part. Almost no settlement present, only some small clusters of indigenous Buru Island live in this area. The activities of community around this area are dry land farmer, hunting, and collecting forest product. People activities in the northern coastal area are agriculture, and collecting forest product to supply collectors or buyer from other island or for own consumption (Persulessy 1997). Main comodities are coconut, cacao, clove, coffee and melaleuca oil.

Key Biodiversity There are 3 birds species with uncertain status: Blue-fronted Lorikeet Charmosyna toxopei, Seram Honeyeater Lichmera monticola, Seram Oriole Oriolus forsteni. The threatened endemic bird species in Buru Island Black-losed Parrot Tanygnathus gramineus lives in this area. Although only few records of this bird from this species, but based on habitat analysis, it is predicted that the area has big population of this species. The same possibility also for Rufous-throated Darkeye Madanga ruficolis (Poulsen & Lambert 2000, BirdLife International 2001).

Non-bird biodiversity: The other biodiversity (endemic of Buru Island) is Troides (=Troides) prattorum, Varanus gouldi, Nyctimene minutus varius, Pteropus temminckii liops and Rhinolophus euryotis burius, Rattus rattus moluccarius (Flanery 1995, Monk

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Moluccan Scrubfowl Eulipoa wallacei resident  2004  present  medium  A1  Vulnerable 
Black-lored Parrot Tanygnathus gramineus resident  2004  present  medium  A1  Vulnerable 
Rufous-throated White-eye Madanga ruficollis resident  2001  present  medium  A1  Endangered 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
forestry -
nature conservation and research -

Protection status 145000 ha of this area has been proposed as a Nature Reserve (Smiet, Silvius, Coates & Bishop 1997, Monk PKA/BirdLife International-Indonesia Programme proposed 138116 ha nature reserve based on their study (Smiet, Silvius, Monk

Further web sources of information 

Alliance for Zero Extinction (AZE) species/site profile. This site has been identified as an AZE due to it containing a Critically Endangered or Endangered species with a limited range.

References BirdLife International. 2001. Threatened bird of Asia: BirdLife International Red Data Book. Cambridge, U.K: BirdLife International.Coates, B.J., Bishop, K.D. & Gardner, D. 1997. A Guide to the Birds of Wallacea: Sulawesi, the Mollucas and Lesser Sunda Islands. Indonesia. Dove Publication, Australia.Flanery T. 1995. Mammals of The South-West Pacific and Moluccan Island's. Australia Museum, Australia.Persulessy, Y.E. 1997c. Telaah Awal Pentingnya Hutan Bakau di Teluk Kayeli, Pulau Buru. Memorandum Teknis nomor 16. PHPA/BirdLife Intenational-Indonesia Programme. Bogor.Poulsen, M.K. and Lambert, F.R. 2000. Altitudinal distribution and habitat preferences of forest birds on Halmahera and Buru, Indonesia: implications for conservation of Moluccan avifaunas. Ibis 142: 566-586.Silvius, M.J., Djuharsa, E., Taufik, A. W., Steeman, A.P.J.M, and Berczy, E.T. 1986. The Indonesian Wetland Inventory: A Preliminary Compilation of Information on Wetlands of Indonesia. PHPA-AWB/Interweder & Edwin, Indonesia.Smiet, A.C., Latupereissa, Th. & Sangadji, I.S. 1981. Result of Feasibility Studies and Proposals for Conservation Area in Maluku Tenggara. UNDP/FAO National Parks Development Project, Bogor.Monk. K.A., de Fretes, Y. and Reksodiharjo-Lilley, G. 1997. The Ecology of Nusa Tenggara and Maluku. Periplus Edition, Singapura

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Gunung Kepala Madang. Downloaded from on 24/10/2016

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