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Location Indonesia, Maluku Utara
Central coordinates 127o 32.04' East  0o 42.90' South
IBA criteria A1, A2
Area 54,990 ha
Altitude 0 - 2,111m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Burung Indonesia (Affiliate)

Site description Gunung Sibela (2110 m) has narrow and long ridges from west to north. There are 10 villages around Gunung Sibela which spread on the coastal area. The land around of Gunung Sibela is fertile for plantation or dry land farming. Most people work as dry land farmer and fisherman. Main comodity for plantation are coconut, cacao and coffee.

Key Biodiversity There are some restricted-range bird species which need to be reconfirmed from this area, i.e. Moluccan Woodcock Scolopax rochussenii the threatened bird species (Lambert 1994, BirdLife International 2001). Other bird species which probably exist i.e. Giant Coucal Centropus goliath, Blue-and-White Kingfisher Halcyon diops, Ivory-breasted Pitta Pitta maxima, Dusky Friarbird Philemon fuscicapillus, Paradise Crow Lycocorax pyrrhopterus, Purple Dollarbird Eurystomus azureus (Lambert 1994).

Non-bird biodiversity: This area is supports a large group of Macaca nigra. Bacan Island is the only place in Maluku for this species. The other important fauna is Cervus timorensis moluccensis and Hydrosaurus amboinensis (MacKinnon & Artha 1981, Purmiasa 1993, Hitipeuw & Tuhumury 1999.obs.pri.).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Moluccan Scrubfowl Eulipoa wallacei resident  2004  present  medium  A1  Vulnerable 
Chattering Lory Lorius garrulus resident  2004  present  medium  A1  Vulnerable 
White Cockatoo Cacatua alba resident  2004  present  medium  A1  Endangered 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Gunung Sibela Nature Reserve 23,024 is identical to site 23,024  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
agriculture -

Protection status 23024 ha has been declared as Nature Reserve based on SK Menteri Kehutanan Nomor 326/Kpts-II/1987 on 15 October 1987 (Departemen Kehutanan 2000).

References BirdLife International. 2001. Threatened bird of Asia: BirdLife International Red Data Book. Cambridge, U.K: BirdLife International.Lambert, F.R. 1994. Notes on the avifauna of Bacan, Kasiruta and Obi, North Moluccas. In Kukila vol. 7 (1). Kukila, Jakarta.MacKinnon, J & Artha, M.B. 1981. A National Conservation Plan For Indonesia vol VII: Maluku & Irian Jaya. UNDP/FAO National Parks Development Project, Bogor.Monk. K.A., de Fretes, Y. and Reksodiharjo-Lilley, G. 1997. The Ecology of Nusa Tenggara and Maluku. Periplus Edition, Singapura Smiet, A.C., Latupereissa, Th. & Sangadji, I.S. 1981. Result of Feasibility Studies and Proposals for Conservation Area in Maluku Tenggara. UNDP/FAO National Parks Development Project, Bogor.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Gunung Sibela. Downloaded from on 24/10/2016

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