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Location Indonesia, Nusa Tenggara Timur
Central coordinates 123o 52.62' East  9o 37.38' South
IBA criteria A1, A2
Area 36,150 ha
Altitude 500 - 1,774m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Burung Indonesia (Affiliate)

Site description The topography is hilly. The forest extends from altitude 200 m asl.

Key Biodiversity Five from six globally threatened species live in this area (Lesmana 2000). New discovery in this century for Wetar Ground-dove Gallicolumba hoedtii also from this area. Follow up survey is needed especially for Timor Black Pigeon Turacoena modesta, Timor Imperial Pigeon Ducula cineracea, Yellow-crested Cockatoo Cacatua sulphurea, Wetar Ground-dove Gallicolumba hoedtii and Timor Green Pigeon Treron psittacea. Two of new species for Timor Island is Black-eared Cuckoo Chrysococcyx osculans and Eyebrowed Thrush Turdus obscurus live in this area. This area is one of the most threatened site in Timor.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black Cuckoo-dove Turacoena modesta resident  2004  present  A1  Near Threatened 
Wetar Ground-dove Alopecoenas hoedtii resident  2004  present  medium  A1  Endangered 
Timor Green-pigeon Treron psittaceus resident  2004  present  medium  A1  Endangered 
Timor Imperial-pigeon Ducula cineracea resident  2004  present  medium  A1  Near Threatened 
Yellow-crested Cockatoo Cacatua sulphurea resident  2004  present  medium  A1  Critically Endangered 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -
Savanna   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -

Protection status 15000 ha of this area is proposed as a Wildlife Sanctuary (MacKinnon 1982). WWF proposed to merged Gunung Muntis with Timau as a National Park.

References Lesmana, D. Trainor, C., and Gatur, A. 2000. Arti Penting Hutan di Daratan Timor bagian Barat: Telaah Awal Informasi Keanekaragaman Hayati dan sosial ekonomi di Pulau Timor (Propinsi Nusa Tenggara Timur). PKA/BirdLife International/WWF, Bogor. Laporan No. 13.MacKinnon, J., Beudels, R., Robinson, A. & Artha, M. 1982. A National Conservation Plan for Indonesia Vol IV; Nusa Tenggara. UNDP/FAO, Bogor.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Gunung Timau. Downloaded from on 28/10/2016

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