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Location Indonesia, Nusa Tenggara Timur
Central coordinates 119o 35.00' East  9o 43.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A2
Area 87,984 ha
Altitude 0 - 950m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Burung Indonesia (Affiliate)



Site description This site has the remaining lowland semi-deciduous monsoon forest in Sumba. Langgaliru and Manupeu is part of Praimamongutidas forest block. Topography of this area is generally hilly. Most of Manupeu area is steep mountain side from sea surface to up to 600 m.

Key Biodiversity The most important site for Sumba Island that has all important species of Sumba (threatened species and/or restricted-range bird species).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Yellow-crested Cockatoo Cacatua sulphurea resident  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Sumba Buttonquail Turnix everetti resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Red-naped Fruit-dove Ptilinopus dohertyi resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Sumba Hornbill Rhyticeros everetti resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 

IBA Monitoring

2007 medium very unfavourable medium
Population
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - shifting agriculture past (and unlikely to return) and no longer limiting small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - nomadic grazing happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Climate change and severe weather drought happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Invasive and other problematic species and genes invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - named species happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale past (and unlikely to return) and no longer limiting small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Transportation and service corridors utility & service lines happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low

Forest   0 0 moderate (70-90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable

Cacatua sulphurea Yellow-crested Cockatoo 614 56 individuals 10 very unfavourable
Rhyticeros everetti Sumba Hornbill 8289 6402 individuals 78 near favourable

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species  Some limited conservation initiatives are in place  medium 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Gunung Langgaliru Nature Reserve 15,639 protected area overlaps with site 3,628  
Manepeu -Tanah Daru National Park 87,984 is identical to site 87,984  
Manupeu Protection Forest 12,000 protected area overlaps with site 4,043  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -
Wetlands (inland)   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -

Protection status 87984.09 ha of this area have been declared as Manupeu-Tanadaru National Park based on SK Menteri Kehutanan dan Perkebunan No. 576/Kpts-II/1998

References Banilodu, L. and Saka, N. T. 1993. Descriptive Analysis of Sumba Forest [Analysis Deskriptif Hutan Pulau Sumba]. Widya Mandira Catholic University, Kupang.Jepson, P., Rais, S., Ora, A.B. & Raharjaningtrah, W. 1996. Telaah Jaringan Kawasan Konservasi untuk Pelestarian Nilai-Nilai Hutan di Pulau Sumba, Nusa Tenggara Timur. PHPA/BirdLife, Bogor. Laporan No. 5.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Manupeu-Tanadaru. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/12/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife