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Location Indonesia, Nusa Tenggara Timur
Central coordinates 122o 46.32' East  8o 32.70' South
IBA criteria A1, A2
Area 9,832 ha
Altitude 500 - 1,704m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Burung Indonesia (Affiliate)

Site description This area is dominated by spectacular volcano of Gunung Lewotobi, which has two peaks (Laki-laki (2263 m) and Perempuan (1703 m)) which erupted in 1971, 1972 and 1991(Monk 1997).

Key Biodiversity This area is one of five of important areas for birds and other biodiversities, and has some of rare bird species in Flores. Flores Green Pigeon Treron flores occured in tropical deciduous dry forest. Yellow-crested Cockatoo occured near the beach (Trainor & Lesmana 2000).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Flores Green-pigeon Treron floris resident  2004  present  medium  A1  Vulnerable 
Yellow-crested Cockatoo Cacatua sulphurea resident  2004  present  medium  A1  Critically Endangered 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -
Wetlands (inland)   -
Savanna   -
Other   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
forestry -

Protection status 4200 ha of this area has been proposed as Wildlife Sanctuary on altitude between 500-1704 m (MacKinnon 1982, Anon 1995b).

References Anon. 1995b. National Conservation Plan for Indonesia: Vol VIIB; Nusa Tenggara Timur Province. Ministry of Forestry, Directorate General of Forest Protection and Nature Conservation, Jakarta.Jepson, P. & Bowe, M. 1997. A Photographic Profile of Forest Habitat on Flores, Nusa Tenggara. BirdLife International-Indonesia Programme. Bogor. MacKinnon, J., Beudels, R., Robinson, A. & Artha, M. 1982. A National Conservation Plan for Indonesia Vol IV; Nusa Tenggara. UNDP/FAO, Bogor.Monk. K.A., de Fretes, Y. and Reksodiharjo-Lilley, G. 1997. The Ecology of Nusa Tenggara and Maluku. Periplus Edition, Singapura Trainor, C and Lesmana, D. 2000. Exploding volcanoes, unique birds, gigantic rats and elegant ikat: Identifying sites of international conservation significance with particular reference to Sumbawa. PKA/BirdLife/WWF, Bogor. Report No. 11.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Gunung Lewotobi. Downloaded from on 28/10/2016

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