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Location Indonesia, Nusa Tenggara Timur
Central coordinates 120o 33.30' East  8o 38.76' South
IBA criteria A1
Area 40,744 ha
Altitude 900 - 2,140m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Burung Indonesia (Affiliate)

Site description Landscape of Ruteng dominated by steep ravines, most of the mountain sides are still covered by good forest (Gibbs 1990). Generally it is covered by mountain forest and moss forest at the higher altiteude (Jepson & Bowe 1997).Ranamese Lake include into this area, located at altitude 1200 m, and the interested recreation object (Pilgrim Gunung Ranaka (2140 m) with the peak of Poco Ranaka is the second highest peak in Ruteng mountains. Mountain Forest in lower slopes of Poco Ranaka already changed to be grassland and shrubs. There is some of Casuarina sp at altitude between 1600-1800 m, and above of 2000 m covered by forest with short trees (Butchart

Key Biodiversity This area is one of two area where the Flores Scopsowl recorded and it is believed that the species is still there (Trainor & Lesmana 2000).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Flores Scops-owl Otus alfredi resident  2004  present  good  A1  Endangered 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Ruteng Nature Recreation Park 32,249 is identical to site 32,249  
Rutong Protection Forest 41,000 protected area contains site 32,249  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
tourism/recreation -

Protection status Declared as a Recreation Park (32248.6 ha) based on SK No. 456/Kpts-II/1993 (Anon 1998).

Further web sources of information 

Alliance for Zero Extinction (AZE) species/site profile. This site has been identified as an AZE due to it containing a Critically Endangered or Endangered species with a limited range.

References Anon. 1998. Statistik Perlindungan Hutan dan Pelestarian Alam 1997/1998. Departement Kehutanan dan Perkebunan, Direktorat Jenderal Perlindungan Hutan dan Pelestarian Alam, Jakarta.Butchart, S. H. M., Brooks, T. M., Davies, C. W. N., Dharmaputra, G., Dutson, G. C. L., Lowen, J. C, and Sahu, H. 1996. The conservation status of forest birds on Flores and Sumbawa, Indonesia. Bird Conservation International 6: 335-370.Monk. K.A., de Fretes, Y. and Reksodiharjo-Lilley, G. 1997. The Ecology of Nusa Tenggara and Maluku. Periplus Edition, Singapura MacKinnon, J., Beudels, R., Robinson, A. and Artha, M. 1982. A National Conservation Plan for Indonesia Vol IV: Nusa Tenggara. UNDP/FAO, Bogor.Trainor, C and Lesmana, D. 2000. Exploding volcanoes, unique birds, gigantic rats and elegant ikat: Identifying sites of international conservation significance with particular reference to Sumbawa. PKA/BirdLife/WWF, Bogor. Report No. 11.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Ruteng. Downloaded from on 21/10/2016

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