|Location||Indonesia, Nusa Tenggara Timur|
|Central coordinates||120o 0.30' East 8o 44.40' South|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2|
|Altitude||500 - 1,230m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description This area consists of slopes and flat ridges which are formed by volcanic activity. There is a crater lake in the active mountain of Wae Sano.
Key Biodiversity There are two endemic birds of Flores in this area. Flores Monarch Monarcha sacerdotum and Flores Crow Corvus florensis (Trainor & Lesmana 2000). In 1970s, Yellow-crested Cockatoo was reported abundant, but there is no new record and it is predicted extinct from this area (Schmutz 1977).
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Flores Monarch Monarcha sacerdotum||resident||2004||present||good||A1||Endangered|
|Flores Crow Corvus florensis||resident||2004||present||good||A1||Endangered|
|Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data|
|Agriculture and aquaculture||annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||slow but significant deterioration||low|
|Invasive & other problematic species, genes & diseases||invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - named species||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|Transportation and service corridors||roads and railroads||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||no or imperceptible deterioration||low|
|Forest||5500||5500||100||moderate (70-90%)||near favourable|
|Most of site (50-90%) covered (including the most critical parts for important bird species)||A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species||The conservation measures needed for the site are being comprehensively and effectively implemented||high|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
Protection status This area including Sano Nggoang that is proposed as Sano Lake (Danau Sano-5500 ha) (MacKinnon 1982) and also include Sesok Protection Forest (Trainor & Lesmana 2000).
References MacKinnon, J., Beudels, R., Robinson, A. & Artha, M. 1982. A National Conservation Plan for Indonesia Vol IV; Nusa Tenggara. UNDP/FAO, Bogor.Schmutz, E. 1977. Die Vogel der Manggarai (Flores), 2. Niederschrift. [unpublication].Trainor, C and Lesmana, D. 2000. Exploding volcanoes, unique birds, gigantic rats and elegant ikat: Identifying sites of international conservation significance with particular reference to Sumbawa. PKA/BirdLife/WWF, Bogor. Report No. 11.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Sesok. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 27/05/2016
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