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Location Indonesia, Nusa Tenggara Timur
Central coordinates 119o 30.00' East  8o 35.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A2
Area 1,406 ha
Altitude 0 - 735m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Burung Indonesia (Affiliate)

Site description This area consist of three big islands; Rinca Island (198 km2), Komodo Island (330 km2) and Padar Island. Komodo National Park is declared as World Heritage by UNESCO on December 1991 (BKSDA VII 1997). Around 500 people live on Komodo Island, 600-800 people on Rinca Island, meanwhile Padar Island is unoccupied (Anon 1995b).

Key Biodiversity Population estimate for Yellow-crested Cockatoo Cacatua sulphurea in this area are 500 birds in Komodo Island and 100 birds in Rinca Island. This area is supporting the biggest population of sub-species parvula in Indonesia, and the second biggest after citrinocristata in Sumba Island.The survey by BirdLife Internatonal-Indonesia Programme found Flores Crow Corvus florensis in Rinca Island and Flores Green Pigeon Treron floris founded in Komodo Island (Agista & Rubyanto 2001).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Flores Green-pigeon Treron floris resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Flores Crow Corvus florensis resident  2004  present  A1  Endangered 
Yellow-crested Cockatoo Cacatua sulphurea resident  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Komodo National Park 181,700 protected area contains site 1,406  
Komodo UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 173,300 protected area contains site 1,406  
Komodo National Park World Heritage Site 219,322 unknown 0  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -
Savanna   -
Wetlands (inland)   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -

Protection status 173300 ha of this area is declared as a National Park based on SK. Menteri Kehutanan No. 306/Kpts-II/95 on 29 June 1995 (Anon 1998).

References Agista, D & Rubyanto, D. 2001. Telaah awal status, penyebaran dan populasi Kakatua-kecil jambul-kuning Cacatua sulphurea parvula di Taman Nasional Komodo, Nusa Tenggara Timur. Laporan No. 17, BirdLife International Indonesia Programme.Anon. 1998. Statistik Perlindungan Hutan dan Pelestarian Alam 1997/1998. Departement Kehutanan dan Perkebunan, Direktorat Jenderal Perlindungan Hutan dan Pelestarian Alam, Jakarta.Anon. 1995b. National Conservation Plan for Indonesia: Vol VIIB; Nusa Tenggara Timur Province. Ministry of Forestry, Directorate General of Forest Protection and Nature Conservation, Jakarta.BKSDA VII. 1997. Informasi Kawasan Konservasi Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Timur. Balai Konservasi Sumber Daya Alam VII, Kupang.MacKinnon, J., Beudels, R., Robinson, A. & Artha, M. 1982. A National Conservation Plan for Indonesia Vol IV; Nusa Tenggara. UNDP/FAO, Bogor.Monk. K.A., de Fretes, Y. and Reksodiharjo-Lilley, G. 1997. The Ecology of Nusa Tenggara and Maluku. Periplus Edition, Singapura MacKinnon, J., Beudels, R., Robinson, A. and Artha, M. 1982. A National Conservation Plan for Indonesia Vol IV: Nusa Tenggara. UNDP/FAO, Bogor.Wibowo, P. & Suyatno, N. 1998. An overview of Indonesia Wetland Sites-II: An Update Information-Included in the Indonesian Wetland Database. Wetlands International-Indonesia Programme/PHPA, Bogor.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Komodo. Downloaded from on 05/10/2015

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