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Location Indonesia, Nusa Tenggara Barat
Central coordinates 118o 0.54' East  8o 17.46' South
IBA criteria A1, A2
Area 106,257 ha
Altitude 500 - 2,821m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Burung Indonesia (Affiliate)

Site description This area is devided into South Tambora and North Tambora. Gunung Tambora erupted in 1815 and regarded as the biggest eruption in the history (Jepson & Monk 1995).

Key Biodiversity Yellow-crested Cockatoo Cacatua sulphurea has become very difficult to find in this area.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Yellow-crested Cockatoo Cacatua sulphurea resident  2004  present  good  A1  Critically Endangered 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Tabora Selatan Game Reserve 30,000 protected area contained by site 30,000  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -
Grassland   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -

Protection status 30000 ha of South Tambora is declared as Hunting Park based on SK. Menteri Pertanian No. 676/Kpts/Um/11/1978 (Anon 1998). The North Tambora is proposed to be merged with South Tambora as Wildlife Sanctuary with total area 110000 ha (Jepson and Monk 1995).

References Anon. 1998. Statistik Perlindungan Hutan dan Pelestarian Alam 1997/1998. Departement Kehutanan dan Perkebunan, Direktorat Jenderal Perlindungan Hutan dan Pelestarian Alam, Jakarta.Jepson, P & Monk, K.A. 1995. Sebuah Tinjauan mengenai Sistem Kawasan Konservasi di Sumbawa, Nusa Tenggara Barat dan Hubungannya dengan Konservasi Keanekaragaman Hayati [A review of the protected area system on Sumbawa Island, West Nusa Tenggara, in relation to biodiversity conservation]. PHPA/BirdLife International, Bogor. Laporan No. 4.MacKinnon, J., Beudels, R., Robinson, A. & Artha, M. 1982. A National Conservation Plan for Indonesia Vol IV; Nusa Tenggara. UNDP/FAO, Bogor.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Gunung Tambora. Downloaded from on 23/10/2016

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