email a friend
printable version
Location Indonesia, Kalimantan Timur
Central coordinates 117o 15.00' East  0o 20.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3
Area 306,000 ha
Altitude 0 - 100m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Burung Indonesia (Affiliate)

Site description This area is the most famous National Park in Kalimantan.This area is under very serious threat from development activities which are happen on the boundary of the National Park, such as logging, coal mining and land clearence by local people, and forest fire.Some area are still in good condition, and it is the main site for Friends of Kutai, a group of companies around the site, mainly Kaltim Prima Coal.Forest fire during dry season in 1980s and 1990s, and the hardest in 1997/1998 destroyed most of the National Park area.

Key Biodiversity This site has important values for Great-billed Heron Ardea sumatrana and Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilus javanicus, also for migratory waterbirds.

Non-bird biodiversity: Nasalis larvatus, Presbytis frontata, Presbytis hosei, Presbyitis rubicunda, Pongo pygmeus, Hylobathes muelleri, Neofelis nebulosa, Helarctos malayanus, Chiropodomys muroides, Haeromys margarettae, Haeromys pusillus, Sundasciurus brookei, Crocodylus porosus, Tomistoma schlegelii (Scott 1989, Colijn 2000).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Chinese Egret Egretta eulophotes non-breeding  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Large Green-pigeon Treron capellei resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Blue-headed Pitta Pitta baudii resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Straw-headed Bulbul Pycnonotus zeylanicus resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Kutai National Park 198,629 protected area contained by site 198,629  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -
Wetlands (inland)   -
Other   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -

Protection status Declared as National Park (198629 ha) based on SK Menhut No. 325/Kpts-II/95 (Anon 1997).

References Anon. 1995. National Conservation Plan for Indonesia, Kalimantan (5A-D). Ministry of Forestry, Directorate General of Forest Protection and Nature Conservation, Jakarta.Anon. 1995. Statistik Perlindungan Hutan dan Pelestarian Alam. Departemen Kehutanan dan Perkebunan, Direktorat Jenderal Perlindungan Hutan dan Pelestarian Alam, Jakarta.Colijn, E.O. 2000. The Indonesian Nature Conservation Database. URL:, D.A. 1989. A Directory of Asian Wetlands. Compiled for WWF, IUCN, ICBP & IWRB, IUCN, the World Conservation Union.

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Kutai. Downloaded from on 22/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife