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Location Indonesia, Kalimantan Timur
Central coordinates 115o 0.00' East  2o 10.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 1,360,500 ha
Altitude 200 - 2,558m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Burung Indonesia (Affiliate)

Site description Described as valley and and mountains up to more than 2500 m elevation. There are some Dayak villages in this area. Dominated by slope area from 200 m elevation up to the top of Gunung Lognawan (2558 m), that cross the country boundary to Pulong Tau reserve in Sarawak (Malaysia).

Key Biodiversity It is predicted that almost all of Kalimantan endemic species can be found in this area, which some species are recorded near the boundary (Pfeffer 1960-1961). Some of the species which have been already confirmed by van Balen (1997) are Besra Accipiter virgatus, Large Hawk-cuckoo Cuculus sparverioides, Mountain Scops-owl Otus spilocephalus, Whitehead's Trogon Harpactes whiteheadi, Golden-naped Barbet Megalaima pulcherrima, Whitehead's Broadbill Calyptomena whiteheadi, Grey-chinned Minivet Pericrocotus solaris, Blue-winged Leafbird Chloropsis cochinchinensis (sub species flavocincta, described as full species by Inskipp 1996), Eyebrowed Jungle-flycatcher Rhinomyias gularis, Whitehead's Spiderhunter Arachnothera juliae, and ucommon upper mountain species Tawny-breasted Parrot finch Erythrura hyperythra.

Non-bird biodiversity: Tupaia dorsalis, Tupaia montana, Tupaia picta, Pipistrellus kitcheneri, Nasalis larvatus, Presbytis frontata, Presbytis hosei, Presbytis rubicunda, Hylobathes muelleri, Neofelis nebulosa, Bos javanicus, Muntiacus atherodes, Maxomys ochraceiventer, Callosciurus adamsi, Callosciurus baluensis, Callosciurus orestes, Exilisciurus whiteheadi, Ophiophagus hannah, Tomistoma schlegelii (Colijn 2000).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black Partridge Melanoperdix niger resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Storm's Stork Ciconia stormi resident  2004  present  A1  Endangered 
Alcedo euryzona resident  2004  present  A1  Not Recognised 
Blue-headed Pitta Pitta baudii resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Straw-headed Bulbul Pycnonotus zeylanicus resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Hook-billed Bulbul Setornis criniger resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Bornean Wren-babbler Ptilocichla leucogrammica resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Kayan Mentarang National Park 1,360,500 is identical to site 1,360,500  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   major
Other   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
agriculture -

Protection status Declared as a National Park (1360500 ha) based on SK Menhut No. 631/Kpts-II/96 (Anon 1998).

References Anon. 1995. National Conservation Plan for Indonesia, Kalimantan (5A-D). Ministry of Forestry, Directorate General of Forest Protection and Nature Conservation, Jakarta.Anon. 1995. Statistik Perlindungan Hutan dan Pelestarian Alam. Departemen Kehutanan dan Perkebunan, Direktorat Jenderal Perlindungan Hutan dan Pelestarian Alam, Jakarta.Anon. 1998. Statistik Perlindungan Hutan dan Pelestarian Alam 1997/1998. Departemen Kehutanan dan Perkebunan, Direktorat Jenderal Perlindungan Hutan dan Pelestarian Alam, Jakarta.Colijn, E.O. 2000. The Indonesian Nature Conservation Database. URL:, T., Lindsey, N. & Duckworth, W. 1996. An Annotated Checklist of the Birds of the Oriental Region. UK: Oriental Bird Club.Pfeffer, P.L. 1960-61. Etude d'une collection d'oiseaux de Borneo. L'Oiseaux 30: 154-168, 191-218; 31: 1-29.van Balen, S. 1997. Faunistic notes from Kayan Mentarang, with new records for Kalimantan. Kukila 9: 108-113.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Kayan Mentarang. Downloaded from on 28/10/2016

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