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Location Indonesia, Kalimantan Tengah
Central coordinates 112o 1.00' East  2o 57.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A3, A4i
Area 415,040 ha
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Burung Indonesia (Affiliate)

Site description Tanjung Puting is a famous place for Orang Utan rehabilitation center, and represent important swamp area and heath forest in south coast of Central Kalimantan, between Kumai Gulf and Seruyan River. There are peat swamp forest, tidal mangrove, and nypah forest. The river that supply the water inside area is black water river. The habitat in this area are relativelly good compared with Muara Kendawangan.This site is also popular touris destination. The important area is Burung Lake, at eastern part of this area and easy to reach.

Key Biodiversity Field visit to Danau Burung was found breeding site of 1-2000 birds from at least 6 species: Oriental Darter Anhingia melanogaster, Black-Crowned Night-heron Nycticorax nycticorax (this is the only breeding site known in Kalimantan), Little Egret Egretta garzetta, Great Egret Egretta alba and Purple Heron Ardea purpurea and probably other species (1 species, unidentified Cormorant). Other breeding species is Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilus javanicus (4 nests on trees outside the National Park, record by Galdikas & King 1989). White-shouldered Ibis Pseudibis davisoni also recorded in this site (Symthies 19981) at Pangkalanbun in 1942, but there is no recent record.A checklist by Bohap & Galdikas (1987) also mentioned sub-alpine species i.e. Wattled Pheasant Lobhiophasis bulweri but without description (already deleted from checklist). Another sub-alpine species, Rufous-chested Flycatcher Ficedula dumetoria, captured by Nash & Nash (1988) using misnet and this species is breeding in this site.

Non-bird biodiversity: Hylobates agilis, Presbytis rubicunda, Nasalis larvatus, Pongo pygmeus, Neofelis nebulosa, Bos javanicus, Helarctos malayanus, Crocodylus porosus, Tomistoma schlegelii, Chelonia mydas, Eretmochelys imbricata, Scelorpages formosus (Scott 1989, MacKinnon, Colijn 2000).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Lophura erythrophthalma resident  2004  present  A1  Not Recognised 
Bulwer's Pheasant Lophura bulweri resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Black Partridge Melanoperdix niger resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Storm's Stork Ciconia stormi resident  2004  present  A1  Endangered 
Great White Egret Ardea alba unknown  2004  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Oriental Darter Anhinga melanogaster resident  2004  present  A4i  Near Threatened 
Large Green-pigeon Treron capellei resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Short-toed Coucal Centropus rectunguis resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Hook-billed Bulbul Setornis criniger resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Tanjung Puting National Park 355,000 is identical to site 415,040  
Tanjung Putting UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 415,040 protected area contained by site 205,000  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -
Wetlands (inland)   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -

Protection status Declared as a National Park (415040 ha) based on SK Menteri Kehutanan No. 687/Kpts-II/96 (Anon 1995).

References Anon. 1995. Statistik Perlindungan Hutan dan Pelestarian Alam. Departemen Kehutanan dan Perkebunan, Direktorat Jenderal Perlindungan Hutan dan Pelestarian Alam, Jakarta.Bohap bin Jalan & Galdikas, B.M.F. 1987. Birds of Tanjung Puting National Park, Kalimantan Tengah. A preliminary list. Kukila 3 (1-2): 33-37.Colijn, E.O. 2000. The Indonesian Nature Conservation Database. URL:, M.F. & B. King. 1989. Lesser Adjutant nests in SW Kalimantan. Kukila 4 (3-4): 151-152.MacKinnon, K., Hatta, G., Halim, H., and Mangalik, A. 1996. The Ecology of Kalimantan: Indonesian Borneo. The Ecology of Indonesia Series, Vol. 3. Singapore: Periplus Edition.Nash, S.V. & Nash, A.D. 1988. An annotated checklist of the birds of Tanjung Puting National Park, Central Kalimantan. Kukila 3 (3-4): 93-116.Scott, D.A. 1989. A Directory of Asian Wetlands. Compiled for WWF, IUCN, ICBP & IWRB, IUCN, the World Conservation Union.Smythies, B.E.1981. The birds of Borneo. Third edition. The Sabah Society with the Malayan Nature Society.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Tanjung Puting. Downloaded from on 25/10/2016

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