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Location Indonesia, Kalimantan Barat
Central coordinates 110o 13.00' East  1o 12.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 180,000 ha
Altitude 0 - 1,116m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Burung Indonesia (Affiliate)



Site description Located close to the coastal area of Kalimantan Barat province.

Key Biodiversity Although Brown-backed Flowerpecker Dicaeum everetti is the common bird in this site, but this is the only record for Kalimantan. The other species are Polyplectron schleiermacheri (only call recorded), Malaysian Honeyguide Indicator archipelagicus and Napothera atrigularis, reported from the south-eastern past of the National Park in 1980s (Holmes & Burton 1987).

Non-bird biodiversity: Nasalis larvatus, Presbytis rubicunda, Rheithrosciurus macrotis, Pongo pygmeus, Hylobates agilis, Helarctos malayanus, Neofelis nebulosa, Scleropages formosus and Tomistoma schlegelii (Scot 1989, MacKinnon et.al 1996)

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Lophura erythrophthalma resident  2004  present  A1  Not Recognised 
Bornean Peacock-pheasant Polyplectron schleiermacheri resident  2004  present  A1  Endangered 
Black Partridge Melanoperdix niger resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Storm's Stork Ciconia stormi resident  2004  present  A1  Endangered 
Wallace's Hawk-eagle Nisaetus nanus resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Large Green-pigeon Treron capellei resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Short-toed Coucal Centropus rectunguis resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Alcedo euryzona resident  2004  present  A1  Not Recognised 
Blue-headed Pitta Pitta baudii resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Hook-billed Bulbul Setornis criniger resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Bornean Wren-babbler Ptilocichla leucogrammica resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 

IBA Monitoring

2010 low near favourable high
Habitat
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - agro-industry farming happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) very rapid to severe deterioration low
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - shifting agriculture happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Agricultural expansion and intensification marine and freshwater aquaculture - subsistence/artisinal aquaculture happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species gathering terrestrial plants - unintentional effects (species being assessed is not the target) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - unintentional effects (species is not the target) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: large scale past (and unlikely to return) and no longer limiting some of area/population (10-49%) very rapid to severe deterioration low
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas past (and unlikely to return) and no longer limiting small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low

Forest   0 0 good (> 90%) moderate (70-90%) near favourable

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species  The conservation measures needed for the site are being comprehensively and effectively implemented  high 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Gunung Palung National Park 90,000 protected area contained by site 90,000  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -
Wetlands (inland)   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
agriculture -

Protection status Declared as Gunung Palung National Park based on SK. No. 448/Kpts-IV/1990 24 March 1990 (90000 ha) which is surrounded by Conversion Forest (Anon, 1998).

References Anon. 1995. National Conservation Plan for Indonesia, Kalimantan (5A-D). Ministry of Forestry, Directorate General of Forest Protection and Nature Conservation, Jakarta.Anon. 1998. Statistik Perlindungan Hutan dan Pelestarian Alam 1997/1998. Departemen Kehutanan MacKinnon, K., Hatta, G., Halim, H., and Mangalik, A. 1996. The Ecology of Kalimantan: Indonesian Borneo. The Ecology of Indonesia Series, Vol. 3. Singapore: Periplus Edition.Scott, D.A. 1989. A Directory of Asian Wetlands. Compiled for WWF, IUCN, ICBP & IWRB, IUCN, the World Conservation Union.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Gunung Palung. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/12/2014

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