email a friend
printable version
Location Indonesia, Kalimantan Barat
Central coordinates 110o 37.00' East  2o 42.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 300,000 ha
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Burung Indonesia (Affiliate)

Site description Located on the north-west corner of Kalimantan, it is a swamp area which still covered by degraded swamp forest, and degraded dryland heath forest also present. Around 40% classified as non forest area in 1996 (Wetland International 1997) Forest damage also caused by fire in 1997. The vulnerable heath forest and swamp along of Jeloi River in eastern part is still in good condition, and considered as one of the most important wetland in West Kalimantan (Wetland International 1997).There are two small lakes along the Jeloi River, Gelinggang Lake and Belida Lake. Most of the area is part of logging concession, although the concession is not active. In provincial land use plan, this area is alocated for agriculture, but the land suitability is in question.Generally, this area covered by freshwater swamp, mangrove, grassland. Proportion of each habitat is unconfirmed, due to a big change caused by forest fire in 1997. Before the forest fire, the habitat condition probably better outside the reserve, but the current situation is need to be assessed.

Key Biodiversity Formerly this area has high level of bird diversity. Survey on January 1994 confirmed the important value of this area (Noor & Enis 1995). There is no information about bird in Jeloi area, but probably the bird diversity same as Muara Kendawangan. This area probably has the same important value as Tanjung Puting, but more information is still needed.

Non-bird biodiversity: Hylobates agilis, Nasalis larvatus, Pongo pygmeus, Presbytis rubicunda, Helarctos malayanus and Dugong dugon at seashore. Scleropages formosus and Crocodylus porosus also live in this site (Noor and Enis, 1995).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Storm's Stork Ciconia stormi resident  2004  present  A1  Endangered 
Straw-headed Bulbul Pycnonotus zeylanicus resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Kendawangan Nature Reserve 150,000 protected area contained by site 150,000  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -
Wetlands (inland)   -
Grassland   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -

Protection status Declared as Kendawangan Nature Reserve based on 2240/DJ/1981 and SK. No. 757/Kpts/Um/1982 (Anon 1995).

References Anon. 1995. National Conservation Plan for Indonesia, Kalimantan (5A-D). Ministry of Forestry, Directorate General of Forest Protection and Nature Conservation, Jakarta.Anon. 1995. Statistik Perlindungan Hutan dan Pelestarian Alam. Departemen Kehutanan dan Perkebunan, Direktorat Jenderal Perlindungan Hutan dan Pelestarian Alam, Jakarta.Wetlands International. 1997. The Environmental Profile of the Coastal Wetlands of West Kalimantan. Draft Report. Wetlands International-Indonesia Programme and P.T. Lestari Bina Desa Sejahtera. Integrated Swamp Development Project in West Kalimantan (IBRD Loan 3755 IND).

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Muara Kendawangan. Downloaded from on 23/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife